everything about Total Knee Replacement.
When should anyone have Knee Replacement Surgery?
A person would be considered a candidate for knee replacement surgery if there is:
What are different types of Knee Replacement Surgery?
Total knee replacement surgery removes all weight bearing, damaged knee cartilage and bone and replaces it with a man made metal or plastic joint that tries to replicate the knee function. In total knee replacement surgery, a highly polished strong metal alloy replaces the femur portion of the knee joint a strong durable polymer tray replaces the tibia portion of the joint, and more plastic replaces the kneecap or patella. Total Knee Replacement Surgery usually takes 1.5 to 3 hours.
The total knee replacement surgery can help to relieve the pain and restore the function in severely diseased knee joints.
Reasons that benefit from total knee replacement surgery commonly includes:Reasons that benefit from total knee replacement surgery commonly includes:
Partial knee replacement Surgery, or uni compartmental knee replacement Surgery, is the choice if only one part of the knee is severely damaged and requires replacement rather than the entire joint. An implant for either the femur portion, tibia portion or patella portion is surgically inserted through a smaller incision. If two or more sections of the knee are damaged, the partial knee replacement surgery may not be the best treatment choice. Hospital stays are generally shorter perhaps even overnight.
Although not as common as total knee replacement surgery, the partial or unicompartmental knee replacement surgery is a viable alternative in limited situations. The designs of the Partial types of knee replacements have improved over the years. The Partial knee replacement surgery also has smaller, less invasive incisions.
Newer minimally invasive knee replacement surgeryuses specific surgical techniques that allow a 3 to 5 inch incision rather than the standard 8 to 12 inch incision. The smaller incision provides for recovery with potentially less scar tissue formation, less pain, and a faster healing period. Hospital stays are from one to three days.
A recent advance in the performance of total knee replacement surgery is the use of minimally invasive surgical approaches. Minimally invasive knee replacement surgery technique is more challenging than standard total knee replacement. The incisions are approximately half the size of those used in a standard approach. The smaller incisions and new techniques to expose the joint may result in short-term advantages such as a quicker rehabilitation, less pain, and a shorter hospitalization, according to some reports.
Foot and ankle movement also is repeated after the surgery to increase blood flow in leg muscles to help prevent leg swelling and blood clots. Most patients begin exercising their knee the day after surgery. A physical therapist will teach you specific exercises to strengthen your leg and restore knee movement to allow walking and other normal daily activities soon after your surgery.
Revision knee replacement Surgery is for removing and replacing a prosthetic knee joint that is worn out. Revision knee replacement surgery can be repeated multiple times, but scar tissue formation from previous knee surgeries can make the procedure increasingly difficult with each replacement event.
Knee replacement using computer assisted surgery, or CAS, is a computer-driven technology that uses computer guided imagery during surgery. The computer treats the alignment of the knee components during the surgical procedure and renders the alignment more accurate. The high level of accuracy may increase the longevity of the total knee replacement.
For the patients who have both knees equally affected by cartilage damage and decreased mobility, bilateralknee replacement surgery is an option. Both knees undergo any of the above mentioned knee replacement type surgeries at the same time.
How successful is the Knee Replacement Surgery?
Knee replacement surgery is recognized as a miracle of modern surgery. Most orthopedic Surgeons consider replacement surgery to be the best method of handling arthritis in the knee. Knee replacements have literally put hundreds and thousands of humans back on their feet and allowed them to enjoy their golden years.
When arthritic joint surfaces are re - surfaced just like in the case of a knee replacement implants made of a combination of metal and high density plastic are fixed onto the prepared surfaces. Since the original, arthritis - laden joint surfaces have been removed and replaced with metallic and plastic materials the original joint pain caused by the exposed bone, no longer exists. This gives the patient a considerable reduction or even elimination of pain.
When the joint anatomy is rough and irregular secondary to advanced arthritis, the ability of the joint to move smoothly is limited. Frequently, overall range of motion can be severely limited due to joint surface irregularity as well as the presence of excessive fluid production. Total knee replacement can largely restore range of motion.
When a person is no longer burdened by chronic, pain and joint motion has been vastly improved, the quality of life is improved as well. Most patients visiting a surgeon's office for consideration of a knee joint replacement have endured long standing pain and functional impairment. A successful joint replacement can return the patient to leading a normal life.
The below-mentioned costs are an approximate range for knee replacement surgeries, meant as a guide
Single Knee Replacement - 2.0 - 3.2 (cost in lakhs )
Bilateral Knee Replacement - Single Sitting - 3.5 - 6.0 (cost in lakhs)
Bilateral Knee Replacement - Staged- 4.0 - 6.4 (cost in lakhs)
Some of the hospitals that are best for Knee Replacement Surgery in India are:Some of the hospitals that are best for Knee Replacement Surgery in India are: