The Orchestra. What is an Orchestra?. A large group of musicians that includes string, woodwind, brass, and percussion instruments. Also called a symphony orchestra or philharmonic orchestra.
or fewer musicians.
with visible gestures, e.g. hands and facial
expressions. The conductor is also called
the musical director.
- The concertmaster is the 1st principle violin player. This person is second in command to the conductor.
Produce sound (pitch) by plucking strings with fingers or using a bow
Produce sound when air is blown through a reed or across an opening; pitch is modified by finger holes or keys
Produce sound when the lips are buzzed and air is forced into tubes or coils; pitch is modified by lengthening or shortening air flow with valves or a slide
Produce sound by shaking, hitting or scraping.
Violin, viola, cello, double bass,
piccolo, flute, oboe, clarinet, bass clarinet, bassoon, contrabassoon.
Trumpet, Horn, Trombone, Euphonium, Tuba
Timpani, snare drum, bass drum, cymbals, triangle
Symphony: composition for orchestra in 4 movements
1. fast, dramatic
2. lyrical, slow
3. dance – minuet or scherzo
4. brilliant/heroic, fast
musical work for solo instrument or small group & orchestra
composition that alternates between a soloist and the orchestra
Theme & Variation:
composition where one theme is stated then altered in successive statements
composition in several movements for soloist or small ensemble
musical form with a recurring theme
Vocal genre for solo singers, chorus and instrumentalists based on a lyric or dramatic poetic narrative
Large-scale dramatic piece, based on a text of religious or serious character, performed by solo voices, chorus and orchestra; similar to opera but without scenery, costumes or action.
composition where the theme is imitated and overlaps