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Mineral status of Soil, Feed and Fodder for Dairy Animals in different Agro-climatic Zones in INDIA Mayank Tandon National Dairy Research Institute Karnal, Haryana. Soil. Plant. Relationship. Animal. Minerals Required by the Dairy Animal (Under wood, 1981).
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Fodder for Dairy Animals in different
Agro-climatic Zones in INDIA
National Dairy Research Institute
MACRO Minerals: Calcium, Phosphorus,
Potassium, Chlorine, Sulphur
MICRO Minerals: Iron, Zinc, Copper, Cobalt,
Recently added in list: Arsenic, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium,
Tin, Aluminium, Lead & Rubidium.
Increased Food Production (Swarup & Ganeshamurthy, 1998)
Are 15 :Planning Commission (1992), GOI
Broadly are 5(4): Eastern,Western,Northern,
42 % P, 40 % S
47 % Zn, 4.8 % Cu,
11.5 % Fe, 4 % Mn,
20 % B, 18 % Mo
(Tripathi, 2003; Motsara, 2002; Biswas, et al., 2004)
Adequate Cobalt in Northern and Western Region
(Singh and Chhabra, 1994; Garg et al., 1999)
Assam forages contain less. (Barauh et al., 1999)
In Haryana almost all the cultivated fodders, grasses and tree leaves contain Appreciable amount of Cobalt
(Singhal and Mudgal, 1984)
IODINE: (0.05-0.8 ppm)
In, India hilly regions of Himalayas and Vindhyachal and
Northern region is deficient. (Pailan and Singhal, 2003)
In Haryana I status is as; Soil ( 0.10 ppm on DM), Berseem (0.70), Oats, ( 0.9), Jowar (0.67), Maize (1.1), Wheat straw (1.24)and
Water (0.003 ppm) (Chopra et al., 2003)
SELENIUM: (0.2-0.3 ppm) Gujarat is well above (0.2-0.8 ppm) (Patel and Mehta, 1970)
Punjab high (up to 6.6 ppm) (Dhillon, 1972)
Haryana, Punjab and Western UP in normal to high (Degnala)(Datt and Chhabra, 2004)CHROMIUM ( 0.2 – 4.5 ppm) Chromium were present in a few fodders but the tree leaves
were free from it (Haryana) (Singhal and Mudgal, 1984)
In Haryana agro-industrial byproducts, fodders, grasses and tree
leaves were either free or had very low level (Singhal and Mudgal, 1984)
Yes, there is need of Area Specific Mineral Mixtures.