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Mineral status of Soil, Feed and Fodder for Dairy Animals in different Agro-climatic Zones in INDIA Mayank Tand PowerPoint Presentation
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Mineral status of Soil, Feed and Fodder for Dairy Animals in different Agro-climatic Zones in INDIA Mayank Tandon National Dairy Research Institute Karnal, Haryana. Soil. Plant. Relationship. Animal. Minerals Required by the Dairy Animal (Under wood, 1981).

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slide1

Mineral status of Soil, Feed and

Fodder for Dairy Animals in different

Agro-climatic Zones in INDIA

Mayank Tandon

National Dairy Research Institute

Karnal, Haryana

slide2

Soil

Plant

Relationship

Animal

minerals required by the dairy animal under wood 1981

Minerals Required by the Dairy Animal(Under wood, 1981)

MACRO Minerals: Calcium, Phosphorus,

Magnesium, Sodium,

Potassium, Chlorine, Sulphur

MICRO Minerals: Iron, Zinc, Copper, Cobalt,

Iodine, Manganese,

Molybdenum, Chromium,

Fluorine, Selenium

Recently added in list: Arsenic, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium,

Tin, Aluminium, Lead & Rubidium.

slide8

Emerging Nutrient Deficiencies in soils as a Result of

Increased Food Production (Swarup & Ganeshamurthy, 1998)

region wise fertilizer use nutrient removal and gap kg ha swarup ganeshamurthy 1998
Region-wise Fertilizer Use, Nutrient Removal and Gap(kg/ha)(Swarup & Ganeshamurthy, 1998)
different agro climatic zones

Different Agro-climatic Zones

Are 15 :Planning Commission (1992), GOI

Broadly are 5(4): Eastern,Western,Northern,

Southern, (Central)

cont indian soils ranged 0 2 6 9mg 0 87 zn 0 1 8 2mg 2 1 cu 0 8 196mg 19 fe 0 2 118mg 21 mn kg soil

Cont……(Indian soils ranged: 0.2-6.9mg(0.87) Zn, 0.1-8.2mg(2.1) Cu, 0.8-196mg(19) Fe, 0.2-118mg(21) Mn/kg soil)

slide18

INDIA Soils are Deficient :

42 % P, 40 % S

47 % Zn, 4.8 % Cu,

11.5 % Fe, 4 % Mn,

20 % B, 18 % Mo

(Tripathi, 2003; Motsara, 2002; Biswas, et al., 2004)

other minerals
Other Minerals
  • MAGNESIUM: (<0.20% of DM)
  • Gujarat: Mg levels in feed stuffs is adequate( 0.39%)
  • (Garg, 2002)
  • Roughages are poor to moderate in NE and Karnataka.
  • (Saha et al., 1997; Gowda et al;2002)
  • Haryana and Punjab are also poor to good.
  • (Singhal and Mudgal, 1984; Chopra and Hooda, 2002)
  • SULPHUR: (<0.20% of DM)
  • Rajasthan; Grains(0.16), Straws(0.13) are low.
  • (Garg et al., 2003)
  • Gujarat is normal to good (0.18-0.4)
  • (Garg, 2002)
slide33

COBALT: (0.1ppm)

Adequate Cobalt in Northern and Western Region

(Singh and Chhabra, 1994; Garg et al., 1999)

Assam forages contain less. (Barauh et al., 1999)

In Haryana almost all the cultivated fodders, grasses and tree leaves contain Appreciable amount of Cobalt

(Singhal and Mudgal, 1984)

IODINE: (0.05-0.8 ppm)

In, India hilly regions of Himalayas and Vindhyachal and

Northern region is deficient. (Pailan and Singhal, 2003)

In Haryana I status is as; Soil ( 0.10 ppm on DM), Berseem (0.70), Oats, ( 0.9), Jowar (0.67), Maize (1.1), Wheat straw (1.24)and

Water (0.003 ppm) (Chopra et al., 2003)

slide34

SELENIUM: (0.2-0.3 ppm) Gujarat is well above (0.2-0.8 ppm) (Patel and Mehta, 1970)

Punjab high (up to 6.6 ppm) (Dhillon, 1972)

Haryana, Punjab and Western UP in normal to high (Degnala)(Datt and Chhabra, 2004)CHROMIUM ( 0.2 – 4.5 ppm) Chromium were present in a few fodders but the tree leaves

were free from it (Haryana) (Singhal and Mudgal, 1984)

CADMIUM

In Haryana agro-industrial byproducts, fodders, grasses and tree

leaves were either free or had very low level (Singhal and Mudgal, 1984)

conclusion
CONCLUSION

Yes, there is need of Area Specific Mineral Mixtures.