Asyndeton A form of expression in which elements customarily joined by conjunctions are presented in a series without conjunctions. EX: Caesar’s “Veni, vidi, vici” (“I came, I saw, I conquered”)
Ballad A form of verse to be sung or recited and characterized by its presentation of a dramatic or exciting episode in narrative form. • EX: Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" and John Keats's "La Belle Dame sans Merci" are examples of literary ballads.
Blank Verse Loosely, any unrhymed poetry, but more generally, unrhymed iambic pentameter verse EX: John Milton's Paradise Lost is in blank verse, as are most of William Shakespeare's plays.
Caesura A pause in a line of poetry, usually occurring near the middle. It typically corresponds to a break in the natural rhythm or sense of the line but is sometimes shifted to create special meanings or rhythmic effects. EX: Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary....
Chiasmus A pattern in which the second part is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed. Named after the Greek letter “chi” (X) because it reflects a mirror image. EX: Coleridge’s line “Flowers are lovely, love is flowerlike”
Colloquial The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing. Not generally acceptable for formal writing, colloquialisms give the work a conversational, familiar tone. Colloquial expressions in writing include local or regional dialects. EX: That test really kicked my butt.
Compound Subject a sentence with two or more subjects EX: Keith and Sandy are going out of town for the weekend.
Conceit a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between dissimilar objects. A conceit displays intellectual cleverness due to the unusual comparison being made. EX: John Donne compares love to a compass in “Valediction: Forbidding Mourning.”
Connotation The implications of a word or phrase, as opposed to its exact meaning. Ex: Fat and plump mean the same but fat has a harsher connotation.
Consonance words within a line of poetry have the same consonant sound, as with "stuff" and "off." EX: From Thomas Grey's "An Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard" The curfew tolls the knells of parting day