occupational road safety
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Occupational Road Safety

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 49

Occupational Road Safety - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 410 Views
  • Uploaded on

Occupational Road Safety. A South African Utility Experience Jace Naidoo. Content. Introduction to Eskom The state of road safety in South Africa Road Safety in Eskom Taking up the challenge Case study on Coal Transport. Introduction.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Occupational Road Safety' - lavender


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
occupational road safety

Occupational Road Safety

A South African Utility Experience

Jace Naidoo

content
Content

Introduction to Eskom

The state of road safety in South Africa

Road Safety in Eskom

Taking up the challenge

Case study on Coal Transport

introduction
Introduction

A utility which generates over 90% of South Africa’s electricity

Transmission and significant portion of Distribution.

Network of approximately 350 000km of power lines

Generation capacity of over 42 000 MW and increasing

100% State owned entity which also owns various electricity support companies which include engineering maintenance, civil construction, and heavy duty road transport including managing the transport of coal to the fleet of coal power stations around the country.

general features
General Features

Nominal capacity – 42 011 MW

Power lines (all voltages) – 347 204 km

Coal burnt – 140 Mt (approximately 56Mt transported by road)

Employees > 33 000

Customers – 3 603 943

plant mix
Plant Mix

TYPE

NUMBER

NET MAX CAPACITY

Coal fired

13 stations

32 066 MW

Gas turbine

2 stations

342 MW

Hydroelectric

6 stations

600 MW

Pumped storage

2 stations

1 400 MW

Nuclear

1 station

1 800 MW

TOTAL

24 STATIONS

36 208 MW

international comparisons
International Comparisons

Sales

Rating

Country

TWh

by sales

RAO-UES

Russia

636

1

EDF

France

473

2

E.On.

Germany

404

3

KEPCO

South Korea

294

4

TEPCO

Japan

281

5

RWE Energie AG

Germany

230

6

Eskom

South Africa

206

7

Vattenfall

Sweden

186

8

Eletrobras

Brazil

178

9

Hydro Quebec

Canada

169

10

Taiwan Power (TaiPower)

Taiwan

159

11

Enel

Italy

156

12

TVA

USA

155

13

Kansai Electric Power Co.

Japan

142

14

Electrabel

Belgium

137

15

Endesa

Spain

134

16

Chubu

Japan

123

17

AEP

USA

118

18

AES

USA

108

19

USA

103

20

FPL

Company

international comparisons8
International Comparisons

RAO-UES

Russia

156 600

1

EDF

France

122 600

2

Tepco Electric Power Co

Japan

62 660

3

E.On

Germany

54 000

4

KEPCO

Korea

50 432

5

Enel

Italy

47 000

6

AES

USA

46 000

7

RWE Energie AG

Germany

45 000

8

Endea

Spain

43 000

9

Eletrobas

Brazil

40 854

10

Eskom

South Africa

39 810

11

Southern

USA

39 000

12

Duke

USA

38 748

13

Exelon

USA

38 000

14

AEP

USA

36 000

15

Kansai Electric

Japan

35 434

16

Hydro Quebec

Canada

34 000

17

Taiwan Power (TaiPower)

Taiwan

33 290

18

TVA

USA

33 189

19

Vattenfall

Sweden

33 000

20

Generation capacity

MW

Rating by capacity

Company

Country

Source: Data Monitor UK 2004 figures

south african data
South African data?

Data limited, but half a million road accidents per annum:

10,000 deaths (iafrica), or could be 15,000 (Medical Research Council, 2003)

About a quarter of all non-natural deaths in SA

150,000 injuries

3rd worst stats in Africa

Legal BAC of .05 exceeded in 46.5% of SA road fatalities (National Dept for Transport, 2003)

Seatbelt compliance – 40% (50% front, 10% rear) (AA)

Speed, fatigue and rule compliance are also major factors

6.9 million vehicles, more than half are cars, owned by 10% of 45 million population

26.5 (20.9) deaths per 100,000 population – UK = 6

Road accidents cost the South African economy an estimated R581bn ($78bn) between 1996 and 2006, according to a report by the country's Department of Transport.

south africa roads
South Africa Roads

South Africa's total road network is about 754 000 kilometres, 9 600km of which are surfaced national roads. The drive from Musina on South Africa's northern border to Cape Town in the south is a 2 000km journey on well-maintained roads.

Around 2 400km of the roads in the country are toll roads.

While the Department of Transport is responsible for overall policy, road-building and maintenance is the responsibility of the South African National Roads Agency as well as the nine provinces and local governments.

Extensive national legislation and agencies for managing road traffic exists in South Africa

road risk some facts
Road Risk – some facts

Vehicles in business (all categories) more than 10 000

Distances driven annually aprox 250m Km

Approximate number of annual accidents (excl. contractors) 10 000

Approximate annual costs (excl medical care and benefits) >R132m

people at risk
People at Risk

Eskom employees in their day to day duties

Transportation of employees and contractors to various workplaces

Contractors transporting materials and supplies

Construction vehicles

managing the risk
Managing the Risk

Clear Policy

Employers responsibility

Clear safety specifications for all types vehicles:

Air bags, ABS brakes, safety belts, etc

Discipline

Cardinal rules

Substance abuse

Seat belts

eskom policy requirements
Eskom – policy requirements

Driver:

Risk assessment for each driver

Awareness programmes

Certified as medically fit

Provide driver training

A valid national driver's licence as well as an eskom driver permit

Drivers and passengers wear seatbelts

Vehicles:

Complies with the eskom vehicle safety specifications

Ensure that all vehicles are maintained in A roadworthy condition;

Install Vehicle monitoring device

Not allowed to be transported in the back of open vehicles.

No person may be transported in the back of closed vehicles unless provided with proper seating and safety belts.

Investigate all work-related incidents and take appropriate action

transporting coal

Transporting Coal

An emerging risk

changing environment
Changing environment

Historically power stations close to mines

Coal transported by conveyors

Limited road transport – done by mines

Risk managed by mines

Excess generation capacity in the country

Last few years rapid growth in country and world

Electricity demand

Coal demand globally

Decisions on restructuring industry led to delays in deciding on new generation capacity

Greater demand on existing stations

impact of the growth
Impact of the growth

Capacity of mines

Need to increase road transport

Eskom contracts road transport companies

Limited experienced drivers available

Limited investment on road infrastructure in the country

Transport of coal – negative impact on roads

managing the risk the approach

Managing the risk - The Approach

Reduce number of coal trucks on the road

Actions to restore safety culture with current trucks

slide28
CURRENT SITUATION

30.3

Planned short-term buying

Emergency short-term buying

Coal transported by road

Mtpa

Current situation

  • Increased current coal transport by road because of
    • Increased burn at power stations
    • Reduced supply from tied collieries
    • Need to replenish stockpiles (+20 day level)
    • Limited current rail transport of coal (only ~4.4 Mtpa to Majuba)
  • 40% of the forecasted coal delivered to Eskom in the next 12 month will be by road; an increase from 22% in the previous year

57.2

56.1

  • Increased accidents on roads (year to date: at least 24 fatalities and 200 recorded accidents related to coal trucks**)
  • Increased risk to the security of supply due to deteriorating road conditions (50% reduction in road deliveries in 18-24 months*** will result in load losses of up to ~10% of installed capacity)

26.9

25.2

07/08*

08/09

09/10

Based on Eskom’s current forecast of short term coal purchases

* Financial year ending Mar ’08

** Current data only available for FOT coal deliveries, which is ~30% of total coal deliveries

*** Rotran estimate based on reported tonnages on road until May 2008 and current road conditions

Source: Coal Logistics team; Eskom Primary Energy rainbow sheets; Long-term coal strategy; Rotran

the current scale of coal road transport is unprecedented
THE CURRENT SCALE OF COAL ROAD TRANSPORT IS UNPRECEDENTED

873

  • Over the next 12 months, ~150 000 tons (5100 truck-loads) of coal will be transported daily, using ~ 1300 km of roads
  • Every day, these trucks go the equivalent of one truck travelling 15 trips around the world
  • Total fuel consumed for these trucks is approximately 200 million litres (>2% of SA diesel consumption)
  • Total of ~3100 trucks used to transport coal is unprecedented in SA; equivalent to 10% of Federal Express’s total fleet in USA
projects to reduce trucks on road
PROJECTS TO REDUCE TRUCKS ON ROAD

Truck Optimisation

Destoning

Rail options

Conveyors

Road Construction

Mine Options

30

projected impact of coal truck reduction projects
550PROJECTED IMPACT OF COAL TRUCK REDUCTION PROJECTS

Estimated daily coal truck deliveries to power stations*

In addition to these actions, the current roads need to be repaired, upgraded and maintained for the remaining truck traffic

5 100

4 280

1 480

2 800

2 250

Current total

for all power

stations

Potential short-term reductions

2009/2010

Potential mid-term reductions

2011-2013

Implementing long-term strategy

2018 onwards

  • rail optimisation could remove 420 daily truck-loads
  • Supplying open cast colliery will remove 135 truck-loads
  • Optimising the current trucking system to maximise the legal payload per truck and minimise empty km’s, could remove ~300 truck-loads from the roads
  • The new Ermelo-Majuba rail link could remove the remaining truck delivery to (~450 truck-loads)
  • Rail transportation of coal to xxx could remove another 270
  • De-stoning coal before transporting it by truck could remove 130 daily truck-loads
  • Between 500 and 800 truck-loads per day to XXX could be removed by a long-distance conveyor or rail
  • Implementing Eskom‘s long term strategy will result in new conveyor and rail links, minimising road transport (e.g. it includes linking Waterberg coal fields by rail)
  • After stockpiles are replenished, emergency buying will probably cease, significantly reducing remaining coal truck-loads

* Assuming 30 ton trucks loads, 365 days per year; cumulative effects approximated

Source: Coal Logistics team

main problems identified
Main problems identified
  • Safety belts
  • Speeding
  • Drink & drive
  • Driver fatigue
  • Overtaking
  • Following distance
  • Overloading
  • Truck & Trailer conditions
  • Unauthorized routes
  • Unauthorized passengers

Lack of safety culture

safety plan
SAFETY PLAN
  • Implement cardinal rules
  • Central control
  • Contractor control
  • Standards and sharing (Including training & briefings)
  • Monitoring & law enforcement
  • Improve road conditions
  • RTMS implementation
cardinal rules
Cardinal Rules

No speeding

No overtaking

Buckle up

Sober up

No overloading

Vehicle fit for purpose

central control centre
Central Control Centre
  • Safety needs to start at planning and contracting phase
  • Central authority to ensure standardised approach AND control processes
  • Starting point is standardised safety pack and contractors packs, linked with verification before start
  • Mines & power stations support and commitment to implement
  • Set base standard and continuous briefing process to implement and sustain safety awareness
  • Central point to authorise start of work as well as control work
contractor control
CONTRACTOR CONTROL
  • Pre screening and compliance
  • Stop sub contracting on sub contracting
  • Contractor packs and contractor training, before driver inductions
  • Payment processes to drivers – must support safety and not just profit
  • Incentives and penalities
standards training sharing
STANDARDS, TRAINING & SHARING
  • Apply same standards from start on all transporters, Including mines
  • Centralised induction and training program
  • Look at means to discontinue night time driving
increased monitoring
Increased Monitoring
  • Need constant checking and law enforcement
  • Historically little action by Eskom and mines – Must change Eskom approach
  • “Bobby on the beat” approach to support standards, training and control centre (Specific dedicated coal road blocks on a continuous basis
  • Strategic partnership with Provincial Law Enforcement (Sponsor traffic officers to work in coal)
  • Use of electronic technology (RFID and Orchid tracking)
road conditions
Road Conditions
  • Invest in improving roads
  • Engage with national treasury for funding
  • Partnership with provincial governments
slide45
Consists of three sets of standards:
  • Haulier Standards ARP 0067-1:2007
  • Consignee Standards ARP 006-3:2007
  • Consignor Standards ARP 067-2:2007
implementation of the rtms standards can be broken into
Implementation of the RTMS Standards can be broken into:
  • Overload control ( rules 1-3)
  • Safety and related elements ( rules 4 -10 )
slide47
RTMS Standards for Hauliers
  • Overloading related requirements
  • Rule 1: maintain an inventory of nominated vehicles and their legal carrying capacities
  • Rule 2/3: assess the vehicle mass before each laden trip

Safety related requirements

Rule 4: maintain vehicles in a roadworthy condition

Rule 5: ensure vehicle and load safety

Rule 6: manage driver wellness

Rule 7: provide training and education

Rule 8: assign tasks and responsibilities

Rule 9: keep records and documentation

Rule 10: perform an internal review (self-audit)

recommendations to improve safety culture
Recommendations to improve safety culture
  • Establish a Safety Steercom for road transport of coal, inclusive of the mines, transporters and Government
  • Establish a central control centre for all Eskom road transport of coal, responsible for standardisation, central authority and data management
  • Continue with the implementation of RTMS as well as the Loading pilot project
  • Increase the monitors to report and monitor coal trucks
  • Conclude a partnership agreement with Provincial Government regarding law enforcement provision of traffic officers
  • Extend the Tracking systems to all vehicles and in the Safety Steercom investigate the roll out to all transporters
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Eskom is a major player in the SA economy
  • As a major road user – individuals, passengers and transport - as an impact on injuries and economic costs
  • Managing the risks contributes to the overall impact of improving the safety culture on SA roads
  • Create partnerships with government, other companies
ad