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Preventing Back Injuries: Proper Lifting, Carrying, & Stretching Techniques. Presented by Erin McLean . Back Injuries. Number one safety problem in workplace 1 1 in 5 workers suffer from back injuries Three fourths of injuries result from improper lifting and carrying 2
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Preventing Back Injuries:Proper Lifting, Carrying, & Stretching Techniques Presented by Erin McLean
Back Injuries • Number one safety problem in workplace1 • 1 in 5 workers suffer from back injuries • Three fourths of injuries result from improper lifting and carrying2 • Accounts for more than 1 million injuries each year • Most injuries occur in men
Risks for Back Injuries2 • Inadequate exercise • Excess weight • Poor posture • Lack of flexibility • Stressful lifestyle Figure 14
Lifting • OSHA recommends lifting no more than 50 pounds at a time. If an object weighs more than this, use two or more people to assist in lifting.5 Figure 26
Steps to Proper Lifting • Stand close to the object with feet shoulder length apart. • Bend the knees and squat down. • Firmly grip the object to be lifted. • Slowly and carefully lift the object to the waist using the legs. • Keep the object close to the waist.
Steps to Proper Lifting Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Step 5 Figure 37
Proper Lifting • Kneeling instead of squatting can also be used to properly lift a load. Figures 4-68
Improper Lifting Do not use your back to lift an object! Figures 7-99
Proper Carrying Technique • When carrying an object, the load should be kept in what OSHA calls the “power zone.”10 Figure 1010
Stretching to Prevent Injury • Stretching is a mild form of physical activity that can help reduce the incidence of back injuries in the workplace. • Back pain often results due to a lack of flexibility. Figure 1111
Back StretchesChild’s Pose Figures 12-1512 Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4
Back StretchesSeated Twist Figures 16 & 1712
Back StretchesStanding Pelvic Tilt Figures 18 & 1912
Back StretchesLeaning Backwards Figure 2013
References • 1. United States Department of Labor. Occupational safety and health administration. Back Injuries - Nation's Number One Workplace Safety Problem Web site. http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=FACT_SHEETS&p_id=146. Accessed October 18, 2011. • 2. Michaud PA. Accident prevention and OSHA compliance. New York, New York: CRC Press, Inc; 1995:292. • 3. United States Department of Labor. Occupational safety and health administration. About OSHA Web site. http://www.osha.gov/about.html. Accessed October 18, 2011. • 4. Cure-Back-Pain.Org. Cure-back-pain.org. Bad Posture Back Pain Web site. http://www.cure-back-pain.org/bad-posture-back-pain.html. Updated 2011. Accessed October 18, 2011. • 5. United States Department of Labor. Occupational safety and health administration. Materials Handling: Heavy Lifting Web site. http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/electricalcontractors/materials/heavy.html#weight. Accessed October 18, 2011. • 6. Drillspot. Drillspot. Morton Salt Company Web site. http://www.drillspot.com/products/275800/Morton_Salt_Company_4458_50LB_Xcor_Rock_Salt. Accessed October 18, 2011.
References • 7. Lab Safety Supply. EZ facts. Proper Lifting Techniques Web site. http://www.labsafety.com/refinfo/ezfacts/ezf221.htm. Accessed October 18, 2011. • 8. Mayo Clinic. Adult health. Slide Show: Proper Lifting Techniques Web site. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/back-pain/LB00004_D. Accessed October 18, 2011. • 9. Foto Search. Foto search. Improper Stock Photos and Images Web site. http://www.fotosearch.com/photos-images/improper.html. Accessed October 18, 2011. • 10. United States Department of Labor. Occupational safety and health administration. Supplemental Information: Ergonomic Principles Index Web site. http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/electricalcontractors/supplemental/principles.html#power. Accessed October 18, 2011. • 11. Abs Exercise Advice. Abs exercise advice. Anatomy of the Back Web site. http://www.abs-exercise-advice.com/anatomy-of-the-back.html. Accessed October 18, 2011. • 12. Bodybuilding.com. Bodybuilding.com. Stretching Guides Web site. http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/stretches.php?MainMuscle=Lower+Back. Accessed October 18, 2011. • 13. Berry MD. Melissa D. berry. Stretches Web site. http://www.mdberrylmt.com/stretches.html#LOWER BACK & HIP. Accessed October 18, 2011.