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Michaela Dodini, EC 1 July 2009. Delivery of EC Assistance in field of Trade Facilitation. Policy Context for EC Aid. 2000 Millennium Development Goals (M DGs) Fixing objectives for poverty reduction for 2015 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness 50 donors and 60 partner countries
2000 Millennium Development Goals(MDGs)
Fixing objectives for poverty reduction for 2015
2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness
50 donors and 60 partner countries
Ownership, Alignment, Harmonisation, Mutual Accountability, Results Oriented Framework
12 progress indicators
2005 European Consensus on Development
EU development policy
Applicable to both EC and EU Member States
Work together with more than 150 countries/ regions
Multi-annual planning in countries/regions(2007-2013 CSP/NIP, RSP/RIP*)
In principle not more than 2 focal sectors per country ………
Priorities in accordance with national strategic development objectives (PRSPs/NDPs)
*Country/Regional Strategy Papers and National/Regional Indicative Programmes
Support to DC integration in the world trading systemas part of poverty reduction efforts
Support greater competitiveness and efficiency of the production systems
Support for regional economic integration
AfT Strategy focuses on more resources and better impact on development objectives
EU commitments to increase TRA translated into reality: EC TRA €1 bn in 2007, AfT €2,4 bn (EC+EU MS overall TRA €1.9bn/AfT €7.12bn)
Follow up to the recommendations of the WTO AfT Task Force of summer 2006
Trade facilitation activities to enhance DCs' trade competitiveness, and support the establishment of fully functioning free trade areas and customs unions:
simplification and harmonisation of national customs procedures and systems,
reduce time of customs clearanceandfacilitate the transit of the goods (notably through the computerization of customs systems)
development of customs related infrastructures (creation of one stop border posts for bordering countries).
Local ownership:need high level political will and solid implementation structures. Trade facilitation, e.g. customs reforms - a sensitive political issue, may encounter strong resistance to change
Thorough needs assessment diagnostic/gap analysis carried out using e-g.TAXUD customs blueprint approach
Institutional sustainability – local/regional: short & long term support
Co-ordination: coherence with activities of other donors, reduce administrative burden
Preparation takes time!EC support to Trade Facilitation – Key Principles
Possible to incorporate appropriate activities intoongoing EC TRA projectsin a countryif so requested by relevant local authorities (TF needs to be high in their priorities)
Future programmes: TF needs assessments/ implementation plans can be taken into account in the design of new EC interventions in the field of TRA / trade facilitation, if considered a priority by beneficiaries (focal areas)
Contacts to be made with EC Delegations in DCs (bottom up)
Essential to have effective communication and decision making channels within beneficiaries (Geneva-based negotiators, capital-based responsible for TF implementation, managers of aid programmes and of relations with donors)
Trade Facilitation in practice:
Identification of needs in the Caribbean
to assess level of conformity of Customs Adm, identify capacity constrains
General management issues-
related to administration/organisation of an organisation
mainly related to external partnersCustoms specific
Supporting- relating to Customs Infrastructure
Focus mainly at regional level
Several comprehensive programmes with particular emphasis on developing Customs Unions eg. regional integration support programmes for CEMAC and for West Africa, harmonisation of customs for COMESA etc.
Projects funded under 9th and 10th EDF
Assistance under 10th EDF is be based on results / evaluations of ongoing programmes. Support EPA implementation. Identification/design 2009/2010.
TF projects portfolio: € 380 million
Harmonization & simplification of customs procedures, including transit aspects: all regions except the Pacific
Customs processing systems inter-connexion (ASYCUDA/UNCTAD):
Central Africa: FASTRAC (€ 12.5 million); SADC : Customs modernization programme (€ 18 million); COMESA (ICT programme)
One stop border posts: West Africa (PARI II)
Training: all regions
Regional networking (Customs liaison committees) and exchanges of experience/coordination between Regional Organisations (ESA, SADC and SACU regions)
Compensation mechanism for the implementation of the Customs Union (CET):
West Africa (9th EDF ECOWAS €19.4m, UEMOA €11m within programmes supporting Regional Integration)
COMESA (Regional Integration Budget Support programme : € 7m
Facilitation of Transport 9th EDF € 63.8m
Project addresses main concerns identified in negotiations in field of trade facilitation
Activities include institutional support, facilitation actions in favour of road, air, rail & maritime transport, transit and trade facilitation, construction of joint border control posts
Key projects at regional level to support regional integration including establishment of common external tariff
Central America - Andean Union I & II €15m Harmonization of Customs Procedures and Common Terminology, Implementation plan for Custom Union, Training and establishment of Central American Customs School.
Andean Community €13m includes harmonization of Procedures, Common Terminology, Single Customs Document, Training, electronic data exchange system
Mercosur SPS & Customs Cooperation €12m includes harmonization of Procedures, Common Terminology, Customs Single Document, Training.
TF projects portfolio: € 45 million (excludes Caribbean)
Included as an aspect within both bilateral and regional TRA programmes.
ASEAN - Customs capacity building provided through the ASEAN Programme for Regional Integration (APRIS) € 6.8m. Customs and Trade Facilitation is one of five components
Central Asia - Border Management in Central Asia (BOMCA) €25 million (2003-2009) (Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)
TF project portfolio: € 95 m (excludes Afghanistan)
EU Border Assistance Mission to Ukraine and Moldova
Support to Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia
Russia – support provided for customs improvement through the cross border cooperation programme and support for approximation.