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SUM: FUTURE AND PERFECT TENSES

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SUM: FUTURE AND PERFECT TENSES. Lesson XVII. To be. Sum, esse , fuī : to be. Regular Verb. Irregular forms of sum. To be: Future tense. Regular Verb. Irregular forms of sum. To be: Future tense. To be: Perfect tense. Regular Verb. Irregular forms of sum. To be: Perfect tense.

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slide4
Regular Verb

Irregular forms of sum

slide6
Regular Verb

Irregular forms of sum

slide11
Regular Verb

Irregular forms of sum

adjective interviews
Adjective Interviews
  • Quandoquinqueannōshabuistī, fuistī …(us/a)?
  • Sic, fuī ---(us/a).
  • Minimē, nōnfuī ---(us/a).
adjective interviews1
Adjective Interviews
  • Quandoquinqueannōshabuistī, fuistī …(us/a)?
  • Sic, fuī ---(us/a).
  • Minimē, nōnfuī ---(us/a).
  • timidusatrī, timidaatrī– afraid of the dark
  • altus, alta
  • effectivus, effectiva– creative
  • obliviosus, obliviosa– forgetful
  • animosus, animosa– outspoken, bold
  • ineptus, inepta– silly
slide16
Vidēre
  • Parāmus
  • Meruistis
  • Fuit
  • Sum
  • Amāre
  • Habitābimus
  • Manē
  • Erit
  • Maturāre
  • Habēbunt
  • Laudāre
  • Esse
  • Debent
esse aut non esse
Esseaut Non Esse?
  • Infinitives can be used as nouns
infinitives as subjects predicate nominatives
Infinitives as Subjects/Predicate Nominatives
  • Errāreesthumanum.
  • Amīcōshabēreestgrātum.
  • Vidēreestcredēre.
  • Pecuniamdebēreestmalum.
  • Pecuniamservāreestsemperfortunamaugēre
infinitives as direct objects1
Infinitives as Direct Objects
  • Amōmala.
  • Amōedere, edere, edere mala et bananās.
infinitives as direct objects2
Infinitives as Direct Objects
  • Paratcibum.
  • Paratliberāreservōs.
lesson xvii using infinitives1
Lesson XVII: Using Infinitives

The infinitive can be used as a verbal noun.

Infinitives can be the subject of a verb

Amīcōshabēreestgrātum.

It is not declined; it does not have case or number; its gender is neuter

Infinitives can also be used as a direct object.

Paratliberāreservōs.

Look for infinitives after the verbs “debeo” and “maturo”

subject predicate direct object
Subject/Predicate/Direct Object
  • I deserve to remain.
  • He prepared to praise.
  • It is pleasing to announce good things.
  • It is bad to owe money.
  • It will be good to have help in war.
  • The messengers prepare to rile up the slaves.
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