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Asbestos Awareness. NSTC-18. Introductions. Name Company and/or Position Experience related to working in an area with asbestos-containing materials. Administration and Safety. Emergency Procedures Restrooms/Breaks/Smoking Safety Minute. Goal.

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Presentation Transcript
  • Name
  • Company and/or Position
  • Experience related to working in an area with asbestos-containing materials
administration and safety
Administration and Safety
  • Emergency Procedures
  • Restrooms/Breaks/Smoking
  • Safety Minute
  • To introduce employees to the potential hazards and safe work practices for working near asbestos-containing materials (ACM).

Elbow with asbestos joint compound

  • Describe the properties of asbestos.
  • Describe the health effects from exposure.
  • Recognize asbestos hazards and practice effective control measures

Asbestos roofing mastic on access door

importance of training
Importance of Training
  • Asbestos containing material (ACM) is found in buildings and work areas where workers may come into contact with it.
  • Asbestos is potentially hazardous to health.
  • Exposure to asbestos is governed by federal and state regulations.
properties of asbestos
Properties of Asbestos
  • Naturally occurring fibrous mineral consisting of complex silicates
  • Virtually indestructible because
    • Fibers are resistant to heat, cold, and chemicals
    • Fibers are not water soluble and remain in the air
  • Fibers can be densely packed to make a tough, flexible material for insulation and other industrial uses
properties of asbestos1
Properties of Asbestos

Individual fibers are microscopic in size; some may be up to 700 times smaller than a human hair

definition of terms
Definition of Terms
  • ACM: Asbestos-containing material containing more than 1% asbestos
  • PACM: Presumed asbestos-containing material; thermal system insulation and surfacing material found in buildings constructed prior to1980
  • Surfacing material: Material that is sprayed, troweled-on or otherwise applied to surfaces
  • Thermal system insulation (TSI) ACM applied to pipes, fittings, boilers, tanks, ducts, or other structural components to prevent heat loss or gain and contains more than 1% asbestos.

29 CFR 1910.1001 (b)

types of asbestos
Types of Asbestos
  • Chrysotile (white) — used in insulation, fire- and sound-proofing, surfacing materials, adhesives
  • Amosite (brown) — used in high friction applications; brake shoes, clutches, and other equipment
  • Crocidolite (blue) — not as common as the other two forms; high-temperature applications such as gaskets
potential asbestos locations
Potential Asbestos Locations
  • Thermal system insulation (TSI) on furnaces, ducts, boilers, and water pipes
  • Sprayed-on or troweled-on surfacing materials
  • Asphalt and vinyl flooring and mastics
  • Suspended ceiling tiles

Asbestos-containing pipe insulation

BP ASH, page 21

potential asbestos locations1
Potential Asbestos Locations


  • Drywall, joint compound, drapes, and curtains
  • Roofing shingles, exterior siding shingles
  • Fireproofing on metal beams & columns
  • Gypsum blocks used in older wall construction
  • High temperature gaskets and packing in valve stems

Asbestos-containing gasket

BP ASH, page 21

potential asbestos locations2
Potential Asbestos Locations

Insulating blocks between flow lines and pipe supports



BP ASH, page 21

potential asbestos locations3
Potential Asbestos Locations

Mastic and sealants on insulation and piping



BP ASH, page 21

when is asbestos a hazard
When Is Asbestos a Hazard?
  • ACM becomes hazardous when its bonding material breaks down and it becomes friable.
  • Friable ACMs can easily be crushed or crumbled by hand pressure releasing fibers into the air.
when is asbestos a hazard1
When Is Asbestos a Hazard?
  • TSI and surfacing ACM are potentially friable.
  • ANY activity involving ACM is capable of releasing hazardous fibers.
  • Assume that dust or debris contains asbestos fibers when friable ACM is in the vicinity.
potential high risk areas
Potential High Risk Areas
  • A work area that contains friable asbestos
  • A work area that is near construction or renovations that contain asbestos
  • Maintenance or custodial activities in work areas containing asbestos

Report any deterioration of ACM to your supervisor!

when is asbestos safe
When Is Asbestos Safe?
  • It is safe to work in areas with non-friable ACM.
  • The fibers in non-friable ACM are tightly bonded and won’t be released unless disturbed or damaged in some way.
health effects1
Health Effects
  • Asbestos fibers are dangerous when inhaled because they cannot be broken down and in time damage the lungs.
  • Symptoms may take 15 to 30 years or more to develop.
  • The long-term effects of asbestos exposure can result in:
    • Asbestosis
    • Lung cancer
    • Mesothelioma
  • Asbestosis is a chronic, non-cancerous respiratory disease in which inhaled asbestos fibers cause lung tissues to scar.
  • Scar tissue is not able to transfer oxygen so as scarring increases, lung function decreases
  • Symptoms are fatigue, shortness of breath, and a dry crackling sound when inhaling.
lung cancer
Lung Cancer
  • Causes the largest number of deaths related to asbestos exposure
  • Common symptoms include:
    • Shortness of breath
    • Coughing up blood
    • Fatigue
    • Persistent chest pains
    • Weight loss
    • Anemia
  • Rare form of cancer occurring in the membrane (mesothelium) which lines the lungs, chest, abdomen, and the pericardium (heart sac)
  • Symptoms include fatigue, chest pain, weight loss
  • Very invasive although it may take years to develop
  • Is painful and always fatal.
asbestos exposure and smoking
Asbestos Exposure and Smoking
  • Smoking combined with asbestos exposure increases the risk of asbestosis and lung cancer.
  • Asbestos workers who smoke are 60-90 times more likely to develop lung cancer than those who don’t smoke nor have been exposed to asbestos.
  • Quitting smoking reduces the risk of lung cancer by 50% in just five years.
employer responsibility
Employer Responsibility
  • Provide asbestos awareness training for employees working near ACM or PACM
  • Provide notification of exposure risks
  • Post warning signs on known ACM and entrances to asbestos work areas
  • Materials suspected to contain asbestos must be tested before they are disturbed (BP ASH page 21).
  • Only trained workers may sample and remove asbestos-containing materials. (BP ASH page 21).
employee responsibility
Employee Responsibility
  • Follow safety procedures
  • Be alert to the presence of warning signs/labels
  • Report any disturbances or damage to ACM or PACM

Damaged asbestos-containing drywall

controlling exposure
Controlling Exposure


  • Drill holes or hammer nails in ceiling or walls with ACM or PACM.
  • Remove ceiling tiles or light fixtures from suspended ceiling grids.
  • Cut through pipe insulation.
  • Scrape floor tiles, walls or ductwork.
  • Dust, sweep or vacuum up debris that may contain asbestos.
  • Hang plants from insulated pipes.

ASH, page 159; BP ASH, page 202

reporting procedure
Reporting Procedure

If you find disturbed material, not previously marked, that you SUSPECT may contain asbestos, notify your supervisor or your Safety/Industrial Hygiene Representative.

Damaged asbestos pipe insulation