CPR and First Aid. Junior Health. Why learn CPR & First Aid?. skills to: Prevent recognize provide basic care for injuries and sudden illnesses until a medical professional arrives. Take action…. How many Americans are hospitalized every year because of injuries?. Answer:.
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CPR and First Aid Junior Health
Why learn CPR & First Aid? • skills to: • Prevent • recognize • provide basic care for injuries and sudden illnesses until a medical professional arrives
Take action… • How many Americans are hospitalized every year because of injuries?
Answer: • Over 2 million
Take action… • How many of the 2 million die because no one knew what to do?
Answer: • 142,000
*Recognizing an Emergency • Unusual sights • Unusual behaviors or appearances • Unusual odors • Unusual noises
Emergency Action Steps • Once an emergency has been recognized… • *CHECK-CALL-CARE*
CHECK • ALWAYS check the scene 1st to ensure your safety (find out # of victims, what happened, look for bystanders to assist you) • Check the victim for consciousness • “Are you okay?” • *Best way to do it (tap and shout)
CALL • Call 9-1-1 or have someone else call EMS to the scene • CARE for the victim
Check-Call-Care • *Get consent • *Ask questions • *Do not touch or move painful, injured areas on the body *If you think the person is in shock…DO NOT GIVE THEM ANYTHING TO DRINK
SHOCK • Life threatening condition • Not enough blood is being delivered to all parts of the body- organs begin to fail • Signs of shock • Irritable • Nausea • Rapid breathing and pulse • Pale, cool and moist skin • Excessive thirst
Care for shock • Call 9-1-1 • Monitor ABCs • Keep person comfortable and reassure them • Do NOT elevate legs (to avoid any further injury)
Good Samaritan Law • gives legal protection to people who willingly provide emergency care to injured people without expecting anything in return • Designed to encourage people to help others
Good Samaritan Law • Use common sense • Do not exceed the scope of your training • Do your best to save a life or to prevent further injury
CONSENT • Obtaining consent is another form of protection • You MUST get consent before caring for a conscious victim
To get consent- • State your name. • Tell the victim you are trained in 1st Aid. • Ask the victim if you can help. • Explain what you think may be wrong. • Explain what you plan to do.
What if… • the victim does not give consent- - *DO NOT give care. Just call 9-1-1*. • the victim is Unconscious- • A victim who is unconscious, confused or seriously ill may not be able to grant consent. • consent is IMPLIED
What about children? • Implied consent applies to minors (under 18 y.o.) who obviously need emergency help when no parent/guardian is present.
Preventing Disease Transmission • precautions to protect yourself from disease transmission • Avoid contact with blood and body fluids • Use gloves, breathing barriers • Wash hands with soap and water immediately after giving care
Risk • The risk of getting a disease while giving 1st Aid is extremely low • Taking precautions can reduce the risk even further • How are diseases transmitted? • through contact with blood or body fluids, through the air, through contaminated water and food and by animals and insects
What can be transmitted through blood? • HIV- can only be transmitted through exposure to infected blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk (NOT by touching a person’s unbroken skin).
What can be transmitted through blood? • Hepatitis B- transmitted through unprotected direct or indirect contact with infected blood (not casual contact like shaking hands, water fountains)
Universal Precautions/Standard Precautions • *Minimize the risk of disease transmission • Treat everyone’s blood and bodily fluid as if it were INFECTED. • Put all materials that contain blood or bodily fluids in its own separate container.
Gloves • Correct way to remove gloves. • Wash hands once gloves are removed.