CPR and First Aid - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CPR and First Aid

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  1. CPR and First Aid Part 1

  2. Respiratory and Circulatory Systems

  3. Respiratory System • Upper Airway: • Nasal Cavity • Oral Cavity • Pharynx • Epiglottis • Lower Airway: • Larynx • Trachea • Lungs • Bronchus • Bronchioles • Alveoli • Capillaries

  4. Respiratory Rates

  5. Heart Rates

  6. BLS Resuscitation & CPR Basic Life Saving Resuscitation & Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

  7. Follow CAB C – Circulation A – Airway B – Breathing

  8. Check for responsiveness - Tap and Shout Call for Help Look, Listen & Feel Breaths present? Chest moving up and down? Rate, rhythm, quality, depth Pulse present? (Carotid) 30 Chest Pumps Heel of hand at center of chest, other hand on top Press chest in 5cm at rate of 100/min Open Airway Head Tilt/Chin Lift Jaw Thrust

  9. Bee Gees Queen Compression/Ventilation Ratio Compression Rate 30 : 2 100/min 2 Rescue Breaths at a rate of 1/second Check for chest rise and fall. If not… Reposition, 2 rescue Breaths again Repeat 30 chest compressions Repeat 2 Rescue Breaths Continue until help arrives

  10. 2 Person CPR One person giving compressions, one person giving breaths Maintain 30:2 ratio Maintain 100 compressions / min Switch places every 5 cycles or every 2 minutes

  11. Infant CPR Same as adult CPR, but use 2 fingers Compress chest 1/3 – 1/2 the depth of the chest

  12. AED Automated External Defibrillator

  13. What is an AED? • Measures the heart rhythm • Decides if it can shock the heart • Shocks heart • Restarts the heartbeat

  14. AED Procedure • Turn on AED – follow instructions • Remove clothing (provided scissors) • Place pads on patient • Plug pads in • Step away from patient— “I’m clear, you’re clear, we’re all clear.” • Remain not touching patient. If shock is advised deliver shock • Resume CPR with compressions • If shock is not advised, continue with compressions

  15. AED Pads: Child pads: May NOT be used on adults Adult pads: MAY be used on children and adults

  16. Choking & Airway Obstruction

  17. How do you know someone is choking? Universal sign for choking  If coughing—airway still clear If speaking—airway still clear If yelling—airway still clear Heavy breathing—airway still clear

  18. Abdominal Thrusts Adult Child

  19. Pregnant Woman – Chest Thrusts Baby

  20. If the person passes out…. Start CPR