A Troublesome Path Leads Back to War. Descent to War. State of the world prior to the war. Most of Asia & Africa was colonized Totalitarian governments controlled numerous nations, including Germany, Italy, Japan, and the USSR Most Western countries were suffering from Depression.
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Descent to War
German Troops Enter Austria
Hitler Strikes at Europe
Victorious German Troops Parade in Warsaw
Downed German Fighter & British Civil Patrolman
Pearl Harbor and the Home Front War Effort
Top left - USS West Virginia
Bottom Left - USS Arizona
Top Right. - USS Shaw
U-Boats of the German Kriegsmarine stalked U.S. ships along our Atlantic coastline. As many as 5 ships per day were lost in the early months of the war - nearly negating production of new ships.
Captured American troops - Corregidor, Philippines
Contrasting views of women in wartime. our Atlantic coastline. As many as 5 ships per day were lost in the early months of the war - nearly negating production of new ships.
Who were the heroes?
Above Left – African-American Troops in training our Atlantic coastline. As many as 5 ships per day were lost in the early months of the war - nearly negating production of new ships.
Above Right – Members of the Montford Point (N.C.)Marines
Below – Dorie Miller: Messman and Pearl Harbor Hero from U.S.S. West Virginia
African-Americans who served at the Port Chicago Naval Magazine near Concord, CA worked at a furious pace to keep munitions ships stocked and at sea.
The dangerously fast pace at which they were ordered to work resulted in a terrible accident on July 17, 1944. 320 men were killed and 400 were wounded. 202 of the dead were African-Americans.
The accident at Port Chicago accounted for 15% of African-American casualties in WWII. Understandably, black laborers were reluctant to return to the docks. 258 initially refused to go back, but most returned. 50 men were tried and convicted for mutiny for their refusal to serve in the dangerous conditions of the loading docks.
Young Latinos in Los Angeles and other cities wore the distinctive Zoot Suit to demonstrate their sense of style. Racial tension between whites and Latinos exploded into the Zoot Suit Riots in L.A. Gangs of sailors ranged through the barrios of L.A. seeking out “Zoot-suiters” and attacking them. All of this occurred with the apparent blessing of the press and the city police.
Japanese American troops serving in the European Theater of War were among the most courageous soldiers in the war. The 442nd Regimental Combat Team received more medals than any other unit in U.S. military history.
Navy Chaplain Joseph T. O’Callahan of the U.S.S. Franklin manned guns, tended to the injured, and fought fires to save the vessel which was struck by 2 Kamikazi aircraft.
Above: the crew of the Memphis Belle
Right: the Sullivan Brothers, all killed aboard the U.S.S. Juneau in the South Pacific