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Maldives. PowerPoint by: Elaina Hensley. Political. The Country of Maldives is a Republic. The last 2 Wars in Maldives in were the Culture War and the Coup D’etat . Political - Leader.

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maldives

Maldives

PowerPoint by: Elaina Hensley

political
Political

The Country of Maldives is a Republic.

The last 2 Wars in Maldives in were the Culture War and the Coup D’etat.

political leader
Political-Leader

The leader of Maldives is President Abdulla Yameen. Born and raised on the island of Male, Maldives, Abdulla is now married to Fathimath Ibrahim. He has been to several universities and colleges, and has been President since 2013.

economic labor systems
Economic – Labor Systems

Maldives’ freedom score makes it into the 145thfreest country in the world. The Minimum wage is 2,600 Maldivian Rufiyaa ($168.722) and the Maximum is 16,000 Maldivian Rufiyaa. Standard hours are 8+ hours, at a maximum of 6 days a week. The average household income is around $450.

A new part of the Maldives Constitution (Published in 2008) supports Child Labor, but has certain limits. The Constitution also talks about sex equality and household incomes.

economic international trade
Economic – International Trade

Maldives trades with France, Thailand, the UK, the USA, Sri Lanka, Italy, Germany, Singapore, UAE, India, Malaysia, and China. They import petroleum products and clothing. They export fish and clothing.

economic currency
Economic - Currency

In the Maldives, they use Maldivian Rufiyaa.

1 Maldivian Rufiyaa = 0.065 US Dollars

geographic location physical
Geographic – Location & Physical

Maldives is an Archipelago of 1,192 islands, 200 islands are inhabited by Maldives people and 80 more are resorts for tourists. Maldives is made of many tropical islands with beaches of soft white sand. Maldives’ Flora and Fauna are chief aspects of their islands. Soil layers help with the Flora and Fauna. 30% of the islands of the Maldives are covered in forests. Many trees, animals, and crops take up most of Maldives. Monsoons affect Maldives climate, making it usually humid. The location of the country also affects the climate, since it is located in the middle of the Indian Ocean. Maldives is also a poor developing country. It is threatened by global warming and is at risk because of low elevation.

geographic human interaction
Geographic – Human Interaction

Maldives has 2 international airports and 4 domestic, there is a total of 88km of roadways, they have adjusted much of the sand and the way the islands are made to make the resorts and walkways (for the resorts),and Maldives is currently working on a 780 meter floating bridge connecting 3 islands. Maldives is currently working on a $500 million floating golf course, with 3 islands linked by underwater tunnels.

Another project Maldives is working on, is a Space-Age Underwater hotel. Supposedly the biggest one in the world!

plants
Plants

This is a Banyan Tree. They are part of the fig family and are usually used for shade. Banyan’s are very large trees, they become large by spreading aerial roots and eventually becoming large trunks. They are located on some islands in Maldives and can actually be used in some medicines.

Palm Trees are also know as Arecaceae. In the Maldives, Coconut Palms are found. The smallest a Coconut Palm can be is a Dwarf Palm, ranging from 15-17 feet. Coconut Palms grow in rainforests and places with tropical climates. Coconut Palms are usually found near water, so the roots of the tree can find moisture. Coconut Palms usually produce around 50 coconuts in their lifetime.

plants1
Plants

Mangroves live half in the water and half out, they can withstand many things your ordinary plant can't do (and would die doing so!). Forests of Mangroves have a very productive and [biologically] complex ecosystem. Mangroves provide nursery grounds, food, and shelter for many animals in the surrounding ecosystem. There are 70 species of Mangroves and 2 dozen families. They can range from a small shrub to 200 feet, and they are brilliant adapters!

animals
Animals

Flying Foxes, also called Fox Bats, are the largest bats. Some can reach a wingspan of 1.5 meters (5 feet). Flying Foxes group in large numbers and eat large quantities of fruit. Flying Foxes (like many other types of bats) use rather than echolocation.

Ghost Crabs, also known as Sand Crabs, can be found on the beaches of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Ghost Crabs are a sandy whitish color and have unequal, hairy legs. The crabs live in burrows that can max at one meter. Sand fleas are an important part of their diet, they use their claws to catch the fleas from the underside of fleas.

animals1
Animals

Terrestrial Hermit Crabs are located in Australia and south eastern Asian territories. They are commonly found on sandy beaches behind mangroves, hiding under rocks and debris. The Terrestrial Hermit Crab is a cream, pale brown color with dark markings. They are very active at night. They usually eat dead fish along the beach, household garbage, and (if they can find any) out of pet food bowls. Terrestrial Hermit Crabs can live for over a decade and some can live for 20 years.

birds
Birds

The White-Tailed Tropicbird can be found looking for food over pelagic waters and on the coast of topical seas. It eats small fish, squid, and crabs. Although, its diet depends on where the bird is located. The White-Tailed Tropicbird finds shelter in a nest in rocky areas or on a small islands on a cliff (so takeoff is easy).

A Medium-sized Roseate tern has a wingspan of about 29 inches and is about 12.5 inches in length. Roseate Terns usually look for food in coastal waters and nest on the island's ocean coast. They like protected areas and warm water. Roseate Terns eat small fish and herring, and occasionally crabs as well.

birds1
Birds

The Wedge-Tailed Shearwater can be two colors, a dark or light colored morph. Wedge-Tailed Shearwater birds typically make nests on low, flat islands or sandpits with little or no food at all. They are widely distributed across the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans.

slide16
Fish

A Lionfish is red with white zebra stripes, its fins are long, showy pectoral fins. In case you couldn't tell by its looks, the Lionfish is poisonous. The venom of a Lionfish is extremely painful to humans, it can cause nausea and breathing difficulties. Although, the venom is just a defensive reaction. The Lionfish relies on camouflage and a extremely fast reflexes for capturing prey. Lionfish are native to reefs and rocky openings of the Indo-Pacific area. They are usually 1 foot long, but they can be 15 inches.

Sixbar Wrasses are found in the Indo-Pacific area. Sixbar Wrasses live in shallow lagoons and on the edge of coral reefs, they eat invertebrates and zooplankton. No matter what age or sex, each fish has six vertical dark bands. They have neon looking eyes with different pastel mixes for the body.

slide17
Fish

The Laced Moray can grow to be 3 meters long and is one of the largest morays in the Indo-Pacific area. Laced Morays live in caves or cracks in coral or rocky reefs. Its favorite is Octopus, where it catches from its "home". Laced Morays, like others, attack when they feel threatened. When these attacks happen, they can cause serious injuries. Laced Morays are poisonous and can even cause ciguatera (fish poisoning).

social
Social

Family Order

Gender Relations

Over 25 percent of the female population in Maldives are employed, mostly by the government. In 1996, 36% of the employed people were females. Women are generally employed for duties within the family (For example, tending crops and handicraft items). What frustrates Women the most is their lack of access to resources, as well as the lacking employment opportunities.

Although, people in are raised to respect elders, unlike other Muslim countries, Maldives has a different system. Most of the houses in Maldives only have the married couple and their children, with no extended family members. The father is typically known as the head of the family.

social1
Social

Social Classes

Religion

Islam is the only religion permitted in Maldives. Only Muslims can become citizens, marry, or own property in Maldives. All daily life is regulated according to Islam beliefs.

In the Maldives, your status is derived primarily on your wealth and not your family. Although, family ties and connections are important for business opportunities. Your position in the government also affects your status, more than education does.

social2
Social

Education

Language

The main language of Maldives is Dhivehi. Dhivehi is spoken in all parts of the country, but not in any other part of the world. It is similar to Singhala and Arabic. English is the second language used by many.

The primary level of education in Maldives is for 5 years, and secondary is 7 years. There are 2 types of schools; Traditional Religious Schools (Makhtabs) and Modern English-language schools. Primary and Secondary schools are based o the British Education System. In the 55th Session of Maldives Constitution it declares gender equality in schooling an labor.

slide21

Bibliography:

  • http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/Maldives.html
  • http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/csw55/statements/Maldives.pdf
  • http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2040584/Maldives-floating-golf-course-complete-islands-linked-ocean-tunnels.html
  • http://mth.com/Projects/Civil-works/Marine-Works/Bridge-Maldives.aspx
  • http://prezi.com/6renods4hpkv/maldives-geography/
  • http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=15+1379+337&pcatid=337
  • http://www.oceanario.pt/cms/804/
  • http://www.whatsthatfish.com/fish/sixbar-wrasse/434
  • http://www.oceanario.pt/cms/854/
  • http://www.aquatopia.be/en/animal/laced-moray
  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/lionfish/
  • http://www.mondomaldive.com/fish_dangerous.html
  • http://www.arkive.org/wedge-tailed-shearwater/puffinus-pacificus/
  • http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicspecies.pl?taxon_id=1027#habitat
  • http://birds.audubon.org/species/roster
  • http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=3650
  • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/263281/hermit-crab#ref721557
  • http://blogs.edgehill.ac.uk/elisha/2012/07/01/land-animals-of-the-maldives/
  • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/211670/flying-fox
  • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/232788/ghost-crab
  • http://www.mapsofworld.com/maldives/geography/
  • http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/02/mangroves/warne-text/1
slide22

http://www.palmtreepassion.com/palm-tree-information.html#.UwEZSPldWSohttp://www.palmtreepassion.com/palm-tree-information.html#.UwEZSPldWSo

http://www.ecoindia.com/flora/trees/banyan-tree.html

http://petrimoulx.pbworks.com/f/Chapter13Section1.pdf