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2003 Referee Recertification
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  1. 2003 Referee Recertification Prepared by DC/VA Instructional Staff

  2. Agenda • Registration Forms and Fees Collected • 2002 Memorandum • USSF Memo – Law 4: Shirts SUSPENDED • USSF Memo – Carding of Players • Refereeing the Game • Administrative Matters • Referee Written Test DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  3. Agenda • Registration Forms and Fees Collected • 2002 Memorandum • USSF Memo – Law 4: Shirts Suspended • USSF Memo – Carding of Players • Refereeing the Game • Administrative Matters • Referee Written Test DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  4. Agenda • Registration Forms and Fees Collected • 2002 Memorandum • USSF Memo – Law 4: Shirts Suspended • USSF Memo – Carding of Players • Refereeing the Game • Administrative Matters • Referee Written Test DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  5. 2002 Law Changes United States Soccer Federation

  6. LAW 4 -- THE PLAYERS' EQUIPMENT • New Decision of the International F.A. Board • Decision 1 • Advertising is permitted only on the players' jerseys. It may not be worn on shorts, stockings or footwear. • Players must not reveal undershirts, which contain slogans or advertising. A player removing his jersey to reveal slogans or advertising will be sanctioned by the competition organizer. • Jerseys must have sleeves.Suspended 11/1/2002 DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  7. LAW 5 -- THE REFEREE New Text Stops the match if, in his opinion, a player is seriously injured and ensures that he is removed from the field of play. An injured player may only return to the field of play after the match has restarted. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  8. Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct Indirect Free Kick An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a goalkeeper, inside his own penalty area, commits any of the following four offenses: DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  9. INFORMATION, INSTRUCTIONS AND DIRECTIVES SIMULATION There was unanimous support for a high profile publicity campaign to be organized by FIFA against players guilty of this offense. Referees are instructed to take strong action against simulation and players guilty of simulation must be cautioned for unsporting behavior. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  10. INFORMATION, INSTRUCTIONS AND DIRECTIVES PLAYERS DELAYING THE RESTART OF PLAY Serious concern was expressed at the number of players who delay the restart of play. The Laws of the Game are very clear on this matter and the Board insists that referees must apply them. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  11. INFORMATION, INSTRUCTIONS AND DIRECTIVES TEMPORARY EXPULSIONS The Board strongly supports FIFA's concern that some national associations continue to use temporary expulsions in lower leagues. The Board confirmed in the strongest terms that this procedure must cease immediately, otherwise disciplinary sanctions will be applied against the offending federation. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  12. INFORMATION, INSTRUCTIONS AND DIRECTIVES CELEBRATION OF A GOAL The Board expressed its concern at the common practice of players removing their shirts while celebrating a goal to reveal slogans and advertising. It was agreed that when time wasting occurred referees would continue to take actions in accordance with the Laws of the Game. It was also agreed that when slogans and advertising were displayed on an undershirt, the matter could be dealt with by the disciplinary procedures of the competition. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  13. INFORMATION, INSTRUCTIONS AND DIRECTIVES ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS TO REFEREES, ASSISTANT REFEREES AND FOURTH OFFICIALS The Board approved that the Additional Instructions for Referees, Assistant Referees and Fourth Officials would now be printed in the Laws of the Game book. ARTIFICIAL SURFACES The Board endorsed its support at last year's meeting for the FIFA Quality Concept for Artificial Surfaces. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  14. Agenda • Registration Forms and Fees Collected • 2002 Memorandum • USSF Memo – Law 4: Shirts Suspended • USSF Memo – Carding of Players • Refereeing the Game • Administrative Matters • Referee Written Test DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  15. Law 4, “The Players’ Equipment” (Jersey Sleeves)Law 4: DIFAB  Jerseys must have sleevesSuspended 11/1/2002

  16. Jersey Sleeves Rule Suspended Accordingly, effective immediately and until further notice:

  17. Jersey Sleeves Rule Suspended • Referees will have no responsibility for determining the legality of jersey sleeves or for enforcing the provision in Law 4 related to jersey sleeves. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  18. Jersey Sleeves Rule Suspended • Referees are directed not to include in their game reports any information regarding the presence, absence, or altered status of jersey sleeves unless required to do so by the Rules of Competition under which a particular game is being played. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  19. Jersey Sleeves Rule Suspended • The only concern a referee has with respect to the condition of a player’s jersey is safety. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  20. Jersey Sleeves Rule Suspended • Referees are, however, expected to enforce all relevant provisions in the Rules of Competition governing a match. • This means that, if a state association, organization, league or tournament has a rule regarding jersey sleeves, that rule must be enforced. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  21. Agenda • Registration Forms and Fees Collected • 2002 Memorandum • USSF Memo – Law 4: Shirts Suspended • USSF Memo – Carding of Players • Refereeing the Game • Administrative Matters • Referee Written Test DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  22. BEFORE     IMMEDIATELY     DURING    IMMEDIATELY   AFTER                        BEFORE                         AFTER During the Match Misconduct and Display of Cards

  23. Background • Questions have been raised recently regarding the use of yellow and red cards before, during, and after play and regarding misconduct committed by various people in or around the field. • Although the answers to these questions can generally be obtained from the Laws of the Game, prior USSF Memoranda, and Advice to Referees on the Laws of the Game, this memo is intended to summarize in a single place the correct referee action in these different situations. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  24. BEFORE     IMMEDIATELY     DURING    IMMEDIATELY   AFTER                        BEFORE                         AFTER During the Match Who Can You Card • Yellow and red cards, which are now mandatory indications of cautions and send-offs, may be shown only for misconduct committed during a match by: • Players • Named substitutes • Substituted players DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  25. BEFORE     IMMEDIATELY     DURING    IMMEDIATELY   AFTER                        BEFORE                         AFTER During the Match "During a match" includes: • Any periods in which play is temporarily stopped • Half time or similar breaks in play • Required overtime periods • Kicks from the penalty mark if this procedure is used in case a winner must be determined • Immediately prior to a match when players and substitutes are physically on the field preparing for the match • Immediately after a match when players and substitutes are physically on the field but in the process of exiting DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  26. BEFORE     IMMEDIATELY     DURING    IMMEDIATELY   AFTER                        BEFORE                         AFTER During the Match Prior To The Match • If misconduct occurs • Prior to the match but not on the field or • In advance of players in uniform performing warm-up exercises • No card should be shown • The referee's action does not affect the accumulation of cautions during the match • This misconduct must still be included in the referee's report of match incidents DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  27. Before and After The Match • Yellow and red cards are not normally displayed prior to a match or after the match is over • However, as noted above in the definition of "during a match," USSF guidance follows international practice in recognizing the need to enforce misconduct sanctions for periods of time immediatelyprior toand after the match as though the misconduct had occurred during the match itself. BEFORE     IMMEDIATELY     DURING    IMMEDIATELY   AFTER                        BEFORE                         AFTER During the Match DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  28. Examples • A player who is on the field warming up before the match may be cautioned and shown the yellow card for misconduct (e.g., dissent). If this player then receives another caution during the match, he must be sent off under Law 12 for the second caution. • A player shown a red card and sent from the field for misconduct prior to the match may be replaced from the substitute list and the team can field eleven players, but the roster cannot otherwise be changed (i.e., no new substitute name may be added to the roster). This replacement is not counted against the team's substitution limit under Law 3. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  29. "Players, named substitutes, or substituted players" • Any person listed on a team's roster given to the referee prior to the start of play. • If a roster is not normally provided or if not yet given to the referee, any person in the vicinity of the field wearing an identifiable team uniform who is subject to being called to participate in the match is included. • Includes: • named substitutes even if not called on to play. • Players who have been substituted and, under Law 3, are not permitted to return to the field remain under the authority of the referee as long as they stay in the vicinity of the field • Does not include anyone sent from field for misconduct (red card) since maximum penalty has already been applied. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  30. BEFORE     IMMEDIATELY     DURING    IMMEDIATELY   AFTER                        BEFORE                         AFTER During the Match Misconduct Well Before The Match • All misconduct must be included in the referee's report of the match, even if no card is shown. • If misconduct is committed well before or well after a match, the referee must describe the incident in accordance with the language of Law 12 just as though the incident had occurred during the match. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  31. Acts of Misconduct by Others • Persons who are not players, named substitutes, or substituted players cannot commit misconduct within the meaning of Law 12 • They cannot be shown yellow or red cards nor will their behavior be described in match reports as misconduct. • Law 5 is very clear that "team officials" (coaches, trainers, etc.) must behave responsibly and, if they fail to do so, the referee has two primary courses of action. The referee may: • warn the team official • expel the team official from the field and its immediate area. • It is not necessary for a warning to be given DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  32. What if They Do Not Leave? • Players or named substitutes • Others • As with a player or named substitute who fails to depart the field if sent off, the referee has the power under Law 5 to suspend or terminate a match if an expelled team official refuses to leave. • Disciplinary action against a team official must also be included in the referee's match report. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  33. Agenda • Registration Forms and Fees Collected • 2002 Memorandum • USSF Memo – Law 4: Shirts Suspended • USSF Memo – Carding of Players • Refereeing the Game • Administrative Matters • Referee Written Test DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  34. Refereeing the Game

  35. I Know the Laws, BUT • My games do not go smoothly … but, I got 96 on the test • The players do not seem to happy with my decisions … but, I know the laws by heart • The coaches are not happy, even when they win … but, I have read all the manuals 20 times • The spectators look at me like they want to kill me … but, I have refereed over 200 games now • I am not getting better assignments DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  36. Necessary and Sufficient Necessary Condition Sufficient Condition So where does knowledge of the Laws of the Game fit? A required condition that MUST be met or failure will occur. A single condition that alone will assure success. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  37. Knowledge of the Laws of the Game From an Overall Perspective What it takes to be a referee DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  38. So What is Needed to be a Good Referee? • It is MORE than knowing the Laws of the Game • It is knowing: • The history of the league, the clubs, the teams and the players • How players think • How coaches think • "The game" (as "they" see it) - perceptions • What is important and what is not important ("Now") • Remember, soccer is more than a game to many who play, coach and watch it. For them, soccer IS LIFE. The Laws Of The Game are not of equal importance and what is important today may not be important tomorrow or even five minutes from now. DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  39. History • History is what has happened in the past High BLIND SPOT What they know Low Low What you know High DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  40. So What Do We Do? • Do our homework before a match • What is the philosophy of this league? • What is the philosophy of the clubs involved? • What is the philosophy of the teams involved • What is the history of play between the teams? • Do the players know each other? How well? • This list may be endless!!!!! Philosophy involves many things – but it determines what is important to people and what they think is right and wrong BUT – What happens as we gain knowledge about these things? DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  41. History Revealed to Us High BLIND SPOT What they know Low Low What you know High DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  42. History Revealed to Others BLIND SPOT High What they know Low Low What you know High DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  43. Our Goals Should Be • Learn what we can to reduce the size of the blind spot as much as possible • Understand that our assumptions may be many and they may be very incorrect • Realize that without this kind of historical information, we are entering a match less prepared than we could DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  44. Understanding Perceptions and Assumptions • When things occur, there are at least two perceptions Yours Theirs DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  45. What if … • Your perceptions are based on • Your excellent knowledge of the laws • No playing or coaching experience • No experience watching the game • Their perceptions are based on • Little or no knowledge of the laws • Considerable playing or coaching experience • Considerable experience watching the game Your worlds are very different – not right or wrong, just different DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  46. Our Goals Should Be • Increase the area of shared perceptions Yours Theirs DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  47. How Do You Do That • Know what is important to them • Styles of play • Fouls they do not like • How they react when displeased with things • Know how they feel – EMPATHIZE DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  48. Applying the Laws of the Game • Our charge as referees • On ONE hand: • Control the match • Safe • Fair • On the OTHER hand • Avoid blowing the whistle when it would take away an advantage • Avoid calling trifling fouls • Fun DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  49. So What To Do • You MUST know the Laws of the Game • The trick is knowing how to apply them • Try these principles for every event that occurs on the field • Is it SAFE? – If not, call it! • Did it result in an unFAIR situation? – If so, call it! • Did it interfere with the FUN of those involved? If so, call it! • Did it violate the IMPORTANT Laws of the Game – If so, call it! • Then, the key is learning what is important in each game DCV Instructional Program (2003)

  50. So What Do I Do • Remember S E E • That is what the Laws of the Game are about DCV Instructional Program (2003)