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IFA. Explain the common thread of the past stigmas about mental illness? (Hint: What is something they all believed about the mentally ill?). Psychoanalytic Theory. All behavior is meaningful and is influences by unconscious impulses and conflicts Sigmund Freud Carl Gustav Jung.

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IFA

Explain the common thread of the past stigmas about mental illness? (Hint: What is something they all believed about the mentally ill?)

psychoanalytic theory
Psychoanalytic Theory
  • All behavior is meaningful and is influences by unconscious impulses and conflicts
    • Sigmund Freud
    • Carl Gustav Jung
psychoanalytical theorist
Psychoanalytical Theorist
  • Sigmund Freud
    • Developed theory of unconscious mind and its influence on behavior
    • Introduced the concept of the id, ego , and superego
    • Believed the conflicts on early childhood affect development of unconscious mind
    • Introduced psychoanalysis and psychotherapy
carl gustav jung
Carl Gustav Jung
  • Believed in “collective unconscious”
  • Introduced concept of archetypes
  • Developed notion of “individuation”
behavioral theory
Behavioral Theory
  • Behavior is learned and can be reinforced or modified
    • John B. Watson
    • B.F. Skinner
john b watson
John B. Watson
  • Goal of psychology-predict and control behavior
  • Observable and measurable responses to specific stimuli were keys to behavior modification
  • Classic experiment- “Little Albert”
    • Conditioned toddler to fear a rat/rabbit
b f skinner
B.F. Skinner
  • Introduced principles of reinforcement
  • Virtually all behavior is learned from environmental experience
    • Salivating dog
carl rogers
Carl Rogers
  • Believed that “self-actualization” was the way to live an authentic life-client centered therapy
abraham maslow
Abraham Maslow
  • Hierarchy of Needs
    • Basic level needs must be met before higher level needs can be realized
psychopharmacology
Psychopharmacology
  • Drugs help maintain a more “normal” neurochemistry
    • Antipsychotics
    • Antidepressants
    • Antianxiety agents
    • Sedative-hypnotics
    • Antiparkinsonian agents
    • Anticonvulsants
    • Antimanic drugs