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March 3rd. On 3 March we celebrate the National day of the Republic of Bulgaria. How it all began. The day was first celebrated in 1880, two years after the Bulgarian Liberation, as the date of coronation of Emperor Alexander II. Alexander II.
The date 3 March signifies the first steps of Bulgaria towards her future as a sovereign country.
The “Istoriya Slavyanobulgarska” by the clergyman Paisius of Hilendar, the Independance of the Bulgarian church, and the April Uprising are the first steps towards independent Bulgaria.
The flag of the 3rd party of the Bulgarian rebellion - the Samarian flag
First independent Bulgarian church
Second battle of Shipka 21-26 August 1877
Paisius of Hilendar, the author of the infamous Istoriya Slavyanobulgarska, was the strategist of the Bulgarian uprising. Paisius inspired Bulgarians, pulled them from their despair and set the foundation for the Bulgarian revival.
Born on 2 April 1821, Georgi Sava Rakovski devoted his life for the ideal of a free Bulgaria. He created a number of rebellion organizations, published newspapers, leaded legions and inspired uprisings.
The Plan for the Liberation of Bulgaria, written in 1861, turned very important for our history. The plan set the foundation for the work of Lyuben Karavelov and Vasil Levski, among others. It stated that a Bulgarian legions should be formed and enter the Bulgarian lands from the outside-in.
On 10 December 1877, Pleven fell after five months’ of Russian siege. Osman Pasha handed the control of the city and its garnisons over to the Russian forces. This was a milestone in the War between Russia and the Ottoman Empire: it freed the way towards Istanbul, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
On 4 January 1878, Sofia was liberated from Ottoman rule. General Iosif Gurko led his people on a winter trek through the Balkan mountains. Arriving, he had to defeat the army of Osman Nuri Pasha in order to take over Sofia.
The Peace Treaty of San Stefano was signed on 3 March 1878 and put an end to the War between the Russian and the Ottoman Empires, forcing the latter to admit her defeat.
The Treaty was signed at 17 o’clock on the 3 March 1878 in San Stefano by Count Ignatiev and A. Neludov on the Russian side, and Safet Pasha and Sadulah Bay on the Turkish.
signing of the Peace Treaty of San Stefano
Club ‘’I present’’