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Sentence and Its Parts. Why do I need to learn how to write a sentence? ELA.06.WO.01.01/ELA.05.WO.02.01 ELA.06.WO.04.01/ELA.05.WO.04.01. SENTENCE. A SENTENCE IS A GROUP OF WORDS THAT EXPRESSES A COMPLETE THOUGHT. SURPRISE CAN US ARCHITECTS .

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sentence and its parts

Sentence and Its Parts

Why do I need to learn how to write a sentence?

ELA.06.WO.01.01/ELA.05.WO.02.01

ELA.06.WO.04.01/ELA.05.WO.04.01

sentence
SENTENCE
  • A SENTENCEIS A GROUP OF WORDS THAT EXPRESSES A COMPLETE THOUGHT.
    • SURPRISE CAN US ARCHITECTS .
    • Can architects surprise us? Architects can surprise us.
  • A SENTENCE HAS TWO BASIC PARTS – A SUBJECTAND A PREDICATE.
  • COMPLETE SUBJECT – INCLUDES ALL THE WORDS THAT TELL WHOM OR WHAT THE SENTENCE IS ABOUT. IT IS THE BEGINNING OF THE SENTENCE.
    • Some architects bring nature indoors.
sent cont
SENT. CONT.
  • COMPLETE PREDICATE – INCLUDES THE VERB AND ALL THE WORDS THAT COMPLETE THE VERB’S MEANING.
    • Some architects bring nature indoors.
your turn
YOUR TURN 
  • WRITE THE COMPLETE SUBJECT AND COMPLETE PREDICATE UNDER THE CORRECT COLUMN.
    • Frank Lloyd Wright designed an unusual home.
    • The owners called the house Fallingwater.
    • Sections of the house extended over a waterfall.
simple subjects or nouns
SIMPLE SUBJECTS, OR NOUNS
  • SIMPLE SUBJECT – IS THE MAIN WORD OR WORDS IN THE COMPLETE SUBJECT. (DESCRIPTIVE WORDS ARE NOT PART OF THE SIMPLE SUBJECT)
    • An expectant seal builds a shelter in a snowdrift.
    • The cozy shelter hides her newborn pup.
    • Robert Peary explored the North Pole.
  • Why it matters in writing? The simple subject tells the reader whom or what the sentence is about.
your turn1
YOUR TURN
  • DIRECTIONS: WRITE THE SENTENCE. HIGHLIGHT THE COMPLETE SUBJECT. CIRCLE THE SIMPLE SUBJECT AND UNDERLINE THE COMPLETE PREDICATE.
    • Many animalsneed shelter from cold and predators.
    • Lodges on islands often give beavers the best protection.
    • These homes are built up from the bottom of the pond.
    • Strong saplings are anchored into the mud.
    • The sturdy rodents then pile debris into a mound.
simple predicates or verbs
SIMPLE PREDICATES, OR VERBS
  • THE SIMPLE PREDICATE, OR VERB, IS THE MAIN WORD OR WORDS IN THE COMPLETE PREDICATE.
    • Prairie pioneers lived in sod houses.
    • Few trees grow in the prairie grasslands.
    • Pioneers made sod bricks.
    • Sod houses stayed cool in hot weather.
  • A VERB IS A WORD USED TO EXPRESS AN ACTION, A CONDITION, OR A STATE OF BEING.
  • LINKING VERB – TELLS WHAT THE SUBJECT IS
  • ACTION VERB – TELLS WHAT THE SUBJECT DOES, EVEN WHEN THE ACTION CANNOT BE SEEN
  • WHY VERBS MATTER? VERBS MAKE YOUR WRITING MORE INTERESTING WHEN YOU USE STRONGER VERBS.
verb phrases
VERB PHRASES
  • A VERB PHRASE IS MADE UP OF A MAIN VERB AND ONE OR MORE HELPING VERBS.
    • A “smart house” maycookyour food for you.
  • A MAIN VERB CAN STAND BY ITSELF AS THE SIMPLE PREDICATE OF A SENTENCE.
    • Computer networks run smart houses. (action)
    • The network is the brain of the house. (linking)
  • ONE OR MORE HELPING VERBS HELP MAIN VERBS EXPRESS ACTION OR SHOW TIME.
    • Computer networks will run smart houses.
    • The network has been turning the lights on and off.
    • It will have been programmed for all seasons.
    • They have been winning all season.
    • These graceful homes can be built in all climates.
    • Such houses have recently survived hurricanes in the West Indies.
homework
HOMEWORK
  • ADDITION: BOX THE VERB PHRASE.
    • The first “smart house” was developed in the early 1980s.
    • Its appliances could communicate with each other.
    • Suppose you were running the vacuum cleaner.
    • The noise might keep you from hearing the phone.
    • In that situation the house would stop the vacuum cleaner automatically.
    • Those with disabilities may benefit the most from a smart house.
compound sentences
COMPOUND SENTENCES
  • COMPOUND SUBJECT – MADE UP OF TWO OR MORE SIMPLE SUBJECTS.
  • COMPOUND PREDICATES – MADE UP OF TWO OR MORE SIMPLE PREDICATES.
complete subject and predicate homework
COMPLETE SUBJECT AND PREDICATE HOMEWORK
  • Settlers dug wells as soon as possible.
  • Many families built windmills.
  • Some families had no wells.
  • Artic seals spend most of their lives in water.
  • The female seal digs out a lair, or den, in a snowbank.
    • COMPLETE SUBJECT AND PREDICATE
    • STUDY FOR VOCABULARY TEST
homework 9 9 11
HOMEWORK 9/9/11
  • Arctic seals spend most of their lives in the water.
  • In the winter, they live under the ice.
  • The female digs out a lair, or den, in the ocean below.
  • The seal creates a hole down to the ocean below.
  • First she breathes on the ice from underneath.
  • The lair is on top of the ice but under the snow.
  • Next, the female nibbles on the softened ice.
  • Then, with her flippers, she scoops out the ice.
  • She also makes air holes through the ice.
  • Her “igloo” will have a wide floor for her and her cub.
kinds of sentences
KINDS OF SENTENCES
  • THERE ARE FOUR KINDS OF SENTENCES.
    • DECLARATIVE – MAKES A STATEMENT; ALWAYS ENDS WITH A PERIOD.
      • EX. I SEE SOMETHING WEIRD IN THE TREE.
    • INTERROGATIVE – ASKS A QUESTION. ALWAYS ENDS WITH A QUESTION MARK.
      • WHAT DO YOU THINK THAT IS?
    • IMPERATIVE – TELLS OR ASKS SOMEONE TO DO SOMETHING/COMMAND. USUALLY ENDS WITH A PERIOD BUT CAN END WITH AN EXCLAMATION MARK.
      • EX. PLEASE DON’T GET TOO CLOSE TO IT. BE CAREFUL!
    • EXCLAMATORY – SHOWS STRONG FEELINGS; ALWAYS ENDS WITH AN EXCLAMATION POINT.
      • HOW LOVELY THAT WAS! I’M GETTING OUT OF HERE!
  • HOMEWORK: WRITE 5 OF EACH KIND OF SENTENCE
examples
EXAMPLES
  • Stay away from wasps.=imperative
  • Their sting is very painful!=exclamatory
  • What a wonderful day!=exclamatory
  • The nests are made from cellulose and are strong.=declarative
  • Do they eat many insect pests?=interrogative