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Bacteria Eukarya Archae

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Domains. Bacteria Eukarya Archae. Eubacteria . Archaebacteria. Animalia. Plantae. Protista. Fungi. Kingdoms. Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia. These four kingdoms are believed to have evolved from the Archaebacteria. 6 Kingdoms.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Domains

Bacteria Eukarya Archae

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Animalia

Plantae

Protista

Fungi

Kingdoms

6 kingdoms
Archaebacteria

Eubacteria

Protista

Fungi

Plantae

Animalia

These four kingdoms

are believed to have

evolved from the

Archaebacteria.

6 Kingdoms

Formerly grouped as one kingdom known as the Monerans.

slide3
Cells

Prokaryote

Eukaryote

has membrane

bound organelles

does not have membrane

bound organelles

types of nutrition
Types of Nutrition
  • Autotrophs: (able to make own food)

1.) Photosynthetic -organism that uses energy from the sun to make its own food

2.) Chemosynthetic -simple nonliving chemical nutrients such as H2S, sulfur, and iron are consumed and made into living tissue; makes its own food

  • Heterotrophs: (unable to make own food)

1.) Ingestion: organism eats other organisms or their organic byproducts

2.) Absorption: produces enzymes that break down food particles outside the body, then absorb the digested molecules

eubacteria
Eubacteria
  • Cell wall contains peptidoglycan
  • Prokaryotes
  • Nutrition
    • Inorganic compounds
    • Photosynthesis
    • Heterotrophic (decomposers)

Autotrophic

eubacteria1
Eubacteria
  • Asexual reproduction
  • Some are motile
  • Habitats: common environments-land, water and air, live in and on organisms
  • More than 5000 species
  • Act as decomposers and have symbiotic relationships with humans
  • Examples: Streptococcus, E. coli, Gonorrhea
archaebacteria
Archaebacteria

Great Salt lake

  • Prokaryotes
  • Cell wall and membrane
    • Contains lipids
  • Autotrophs and heterotrophs

Ice

Hot geyser

archaebacteria1
Archaebacteria
  • Nonmotile
  • Examples
    • Methanogens
    • Extremophiles
    • Nonextreme archaebacteria

Sulfurous lake

Oceanic thermal vents

protista
Protista
  • Eukaryotes
  • Both unicellular and multicellular
  • Tissue level of organization
  • Some have a cell wall, some do not
  • Autotrophs and heterotrophs
  • Sexual and asexual reproduction
  • Motile and nonmotile
  • Habitat: freshwater and salt water, in and on organisms
protista1
Protista
  • Examples:
    • Amoeba
    • Euglena
protista2
Protista
  • Examples
    • Paramecium
    • Diatoms
    • Kelp
    • Algae
    • Slime molds

Diatom

Kelp

Photosynthetic Algae

fungi
Fungi
  • Eukaryotes
  • Most grouped into tissues
  • Heterotrophs (absorption)
    • Saphrophytes
    • Parasites
  • Multicellular
    • Exception=yeast
  • Habitat-terrestrial
  • Most nonmotile
  • Sexual/asexual

Helicostylium

ZYGOMYCETE

Amanita

BASIDIOMYCETE

fungi1
Fungi
  • Cell wall
    • Chitin
  • Hyphae-slender strands of fungi, usually grouped together
  • Ecological significance: decomposers
  • Symbiotic

relationships

    • Mutualistic
    • Parasitic

Morel Cup Fungi Flask Fungi

ASCOMYCETES

plantae
Plantae
  • Eukaryotes
  • Multicellular
  • Autotrophs (photosynthesis)
  • Cell wall that contains cellulose
  • Organized into tissues and organs
  • Sexual and asexual reproduction
  • Nonmotile
  • Habitat: mostly terrestrial
plantae1
Plantae
  • Basis of the food chain
  • Examples: ferns, oak trees, moss, pine trees, grass, flowers
animalia
Animalia
  • Eukaryotes
  • Multicellular
  • No cell wall
  • Heterotrophs
  • Organized into systems
  • Sexual and asexual reproduction
  • Motile
  • Habitat: land, water, air
  • Most diverse of all kingdoms in appearance
animalia invertebrates
Animalia-Invertebrates
  • Sponges
    • No tissues but do have specialized cells
  • Cnidarians
    • Marine animals-jelly fish,

coral, anemones

animalia invertebrates1
Animalia-Invertebrates
  • Flatworms
    • Flat ribbonlike bodies
    • Parasitic and free living
    • Example: Tape worm
  • Roundworms
    • Nematodes
    • Some parasitic, some free living
    • Example: Earthworm
animalia invertebrates2
Animalia-Invertebrates
  • Mollusks
    • Coelom (sac) that encloses

organs

    • Many have a shell also
    • Examples: Snail, clam, squid
  • Arthropods
    • Have an exoskeleton
    • Have jointed appendages
    • 2/3 of all named species
    • Example: all insects
animalia invertebrates3
Animalia-Invertebrates
  • Echinoderms
    • Have the ability to regenerate
    • Bottom dwelling marine animals
    • Have an exoskeleton
    • Examples: Starfish, sea urchins
  • Invertebrate Chordate
    • Aquatic animals
    • Larvae have a notochord

Halocyntyhia=“sea peach”

animalia vertebrates
Animalia-Vertebrates
  • Notochord that will develp into a backbone (vertebral column)
  • Examples: mammals, fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians
works cited
Works Cited
  • http://www.palaeos.com/Kingdoms/Prokaryotes/Eubacteria.htm
  • http://www.perspective.com/nature/fungi/
  • http://herbarium.usu.edu/fungi/FunFacts/mushrm_pics.htm
  • http://www2.truman.edu/~jherrera/Zygomycetes/Helicostylium/Helicostylium-4.html
  • http://webpages.charter.net/balplanman/_MicPix/Amoeba/AmoebaN2.JPG
  • http://megasun.bch.umontreal.ca/protists/gallery.html
  • http://midwales.com/images/bigfern/beech1.jpg
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple
  • http://www.sunandroses.com/http://cas.bellarmine.edu/tietjen/images/phylum_porifera.htm
  • http://www.cdislands.com/photos_honduras/roa4/xro11024.jpg
  • http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/platyhelminthes/platyhelminthes.html
  • http://www.junglewalk.com/photos/snail-pictures.htm
  • www.nationalgeographic.com
  • http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/I/Invertebrates.html
  • http://fcit.usf.edu/florida/photos/animals/birds/flamin/flamin.htm
  • http://www.earthwindow.com/blue.html
  • http://www.frogsonice.com/froggy/images-5.shtml
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