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Chapter 5 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Peter Norton’s  Introduction to Computers. Chapter 5. The Operating System and the User Interface. Learning Objectives:. Define the terms “operating system” and “user interface.”

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slide1

Peter Norton’sIntroduction to Computers

Chapter 5

The Operating System and the User Interface

learning objectives
Learning Objectives:
  • Define the terms “operating system” and “user interface.”
  • Name three major functions of the operating system and explain the importance of each function from the user’s perspective.
  • List five types of utility software and describe how each can be used to enhance the functionality of an operating system.
  • Define the term “multitasking” and list two ways it saves time for a user.
  • List three other significant operating systems, aside from DOS and Windows.
slide3

Operating System(OS)- provides an interface for the user, software, hardware, and file management.

functions of the operating system
Functions of the Operating System:
  • Provides the instruction to display the on-screen elements with which you interact.
  • Loads programs into the computer’s memory so that you can use them.
  • Coordinates how programs work with the CPU, RAM, keyboard, mouse, printer, and other hardware as well as with other software.
  • Manages the way information is stored on and retrieved from disks.
operating systems
Operating Systems:
  • DOS
  • Windows 95
  • Windows 98
  • Windows NT
  • OS/2 Warp
  • Mac OS
  • UNIX
slide7

Windows 98 features the Active Desktop.

A single user interface allows a user to browse

the internet and the local computer resources.

slide8

Graphical User Interface (GUI)- (pronounced “gooey”) Uses graphics (icons) to represent commands and programs which are chosen using a mouse.

slide10

Most people like icons because it’s easy to

understand them and remember what they do.

factors when upgrading your operating system
Factors When Upgrading Your Operating System:
  • CPU Type
  • Memory
  • Disk Space
  • Compatibility
operating system services
Operating System Services:
  • Saves the contents of files to a disk for permanent storage.
  • Reads the contents of a file from disk into memory.
  • Sends a document to the printer and activates the printer.
  • Provides resources that let you copy or move data from one document to another, or from one program to another.
slide15

Operating System Services:

  • Allocates RAM among various programs that you may have open.
  • Performs the seemingly simple activity of recognizing keystrokes or mouse clicks and displaying characters or graphics on the screen.
slide16

The operating system acts as an intermediary

between the software and the hardware.

slide17

O.L.E. (Object Linking and Embedding- data is copied from one type of document and embedded into another. The data that is copied retains a link with the original document.

slide18

Multitasking- means being able to perform two or more procedures at the same time--such as printing a multipage document, sending e-mail over the Internet, and typing a letter--all simultaneously.

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Interrupt Request (IRQ)- used by the operating system to send requests to use memory and other hardware devices attached to the computer system.

operating system utilities
Operating System Utilities:
  • File Defragmentation
  • Data Compression
  • Backup Software
  • Data Recovery Software
  • Antivirus Utilities
  • Screen Savers
slide23

Defragmenting the hard drive

can make file access faster.

slide24

Learning Objectives:Chapter 5 Review

  • Define the terms “operating system” and “user interface.”
  • Name three major functions of the operating system and explain the importance of each function from the user’s perspective.
  • List five types of utility software and describe how each can be used to enhance the functionality of an operating system.
  • Define the term “multitasking” and list two ways it saves time for a user.
  • List three other significant operating systems, aside from DOS and Windows.