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Civics and Economics UNIT 1 - FOUNDATIONS
What is it to be a citizen? • As an American, you have rights and responsibilities – WHAT ARE THEY? • E pluribus unum – Out of many, one • What does it really mean? • Where are we immigrating from? • Looking at the numbers over the years • What is ethnicity? - Looking at the numbers
An expanding landscape • Who is practicing what religion and how many? • How much did the country grow between 1830 and 1930? • How many were immigrants? • What is a “service economy?” • Why is the population changing?
American Values • What are values? • What values are important to Americans? • These are known as what? • P_____r S________Y • What is an institution? - What is the #1 American institution? What else is valued in this country?
Who are we? • How do we become citizens? • What does it mean to have dual citizenship? • Which noncitizens return home? Which ones gain citizenship? How many in the United States a year? • What is the process of becoming naturalized? • What role does the government play in this process?
Immigration to the USA • How many apply, how many are accepted? • Who gets priority? • What are illegal aliens? • What can happen to them? • What are legal aliens? - Do they have the same rights as regular citizens?
The Government • What is a government? • Are governments necessary? Why? Why not? • What would life be like without government? • Government provides rules, laws, policies and expectations designed to protect its' citizens. • What are the functions of government? • Keep order, provide security, public services and guide the community • What is public policy?
Levels of the Government • National (Federal) • Three branches > legislative > executive > judicial • http://www.congressforkids.net/Constitution_threebranches.htm • State and Local - Examples of your local government are...
Types of Government • What is a Democracy? • Origin: Greece. Direct Democracy, citizens met, discussed and voted. Not practical today. Why? • Instead, a representative democracy is used. How is this different from a DD? > This is also known as a _______ and is used in the United States today. • What is a monarchy? • How is this like a democracy? Different? • Where do we have monarchies today? • Name some democratic principles...
Democracy cont... • Rule of Law • Bound by Law • Limited Government • Government is not all powerful • Consent of the governed • The citizens are the source of power • Individual Rights • Rights protected by government • Representative Government • People elect leaders to make laws on their behalf • What is Majority Rule?
Authoritarians • Power held by a person or group that does NOT answer to the people • Absolute Monarchy, many until the 1600’s, Saudi Arabia and Qatar operate under an AM, although they are constrained • Dictatorship, similar to an AM, although dictators often take power by force, freedoms limited > Panama, Cuba and Saudi Arabia • Totalitarianism, dictators oppose political opposition, regulate nearly every aspect of every day life > Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin > China, Cuba, North Korea
Unit 1 Wrap-Up • Civics, Citizens and Citizenship • Ethnicity, Diversity, Service Economy • Values, Popular Sovereignty, Institutions • Naturalization, Aliens, Immigrants, Deportation • Government, Democracy, Direct Democracy, Republic, Representative Democracy, Majority Rule • Public Policy, Budget, Security, Public Service, Guidance • Monarchy, Absolute Monarchy, Authoritarian, Totalitarian • Be sure to know the THREE branches of US Government! • ENJOY!!! School House Rock Three Ring Government