1 / 20

Introducing Joseph Conrad ’ s Heart of Darkness

Introducing Joseph Conrad ’ s Heart of Darkness. Quickwrite Take a few minutes to ponder the following question:. What restraints prevent man from yielding to his dark compulsions?. Locating the Text. Congo River. The Congo River. Pre-Colonial Prosperity.

Download Presentation

Introducing Joseph Conrad ’ s Heart of Darkness

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Introducing Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness

  2. QuickwriteTake a few minutes to ponder the following question: What restraints prevent man from yielding to his dark compulsions?

  3. Locating the Text Congo River

  4. The Congo River

  5. Pre-Colonial Prosperity • The Kingdon of the Congo was a well-run imperial federation • Known for advanced working in copper and iron • Rich in ivory and rubber • Participated in thriving slave trade Ne Vunda Kongolese ambassador to the Vatican, 1608

  6. King Leopold II & The Congo

  7. The Congo Free State • Leopold sought the ability to use the river to gain access to the rich rubber supplies in the interior • As European nations negotiated and agreed to respect each others’ claims to African territory, Leopold made his claim for the Congo

  8. The Congo Free State Leopold sent the famous explorer of Africa, Henry Morton Stanley, to negotiate with the Congolese Chiefs offered trinkets or cloth if they would place an “X” on a document they couldn’t read These treaties, along with Leopold’s proclaimed goal to end slavery and promote free trade, led the European countries to recognize Leopold’s claim to the territory in 1885 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpx5hy5TejE&feature=youtu.be

  9. Cheap Labor, Barbaric Practices • Agents ‘encouraged’ young men to work by holding their wives and children captive until each man’s quota was met. • Many who resisted were killed on the spot. • Others were beaten with cruel whips called chicotte, made from dried hippo hide with sharp edges.

  10. Cheap Labor, Barbaric Practices • During the years from 1895-1908 it is estimated that 8-10 million people died due to murder, mistreatment and starvation

  11. “Human Rights” Movement • Public pressure eventually forced Leopold to sell the Congo Free State. It became The Belgian Congo in 1908 • The Belgian Government ended the worst of the atrocities, but still controlled the fate of the African natives “for their own good” • The Congolese were never consulted about their future

  12. Imperialism • Imperialism: The policy of extending a nation’s authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony (the predominant influence, as of a state, region, or group, over another or others) over other nations. Includes the system, policies, or practices of such a government. • “Robbery with violence, aggravated murder on a great scale.” Heart of Darkness, page 70

  13. Heart of DarknessContent & Stylistic Elements • Frame story • What’s the premise? • From the intro: “It’s about our capacity for idealism, as well as our capacity for deterioration; our desire for brotherhood and our propensity to solitary crime…Marlow’s journey up the Congo is a journey into the heart of man’s darkness” • It may be uncomfortably “wordy…At times it seems Conrad and Marlow seem to want to erect a screen of words between themselves and the horror of a half-remembered experience…”

  14. Heart of DarknessContent & Stylistic Elements • “…it’s about personal strength and integrity and a psychological study” in which “our best chance for survival, moral survival, lies in frankly recognizing the infinite capacity for reversion and crime that slumber in all our unconscious minds.” • No chapters, only sections and long narrations. Lots of subtext, but you are now pros with this! • Look at mood, tone, SETTING, symbolism, and imagery

  15. It’s all about the journey • Marlow has returned from his (archetypal) journey, so this implies that…? He has changed • Therefore, as you read listen for the two voices of the narrator: • The naïve one who hasn’t yet faced the darkness • The one who speaks with undertones of knowledge and hindsight

  16. Homework Make a list of 5-7 purposes the opening scene serves with regards to mood, characterization, setting, tone, theme(s)/ideas established

  17. But First, Some Classwork An introduction to Early Modernism & Impressionistic Writing Impressionistic style: Many vague pieces coming together to form the big picture, requires reader to make their own big picture, reliance on artist’s (Marlow’s) rendition of images/events, subjective, things change moment to moment, focus on emotional landscape – seemingly unimportant details add up to create some idea/feeling As we view the image on the next slide, follow along and respond on your handout

  18. STEP 1: What is this?

  19. Homework Consider your notes from last night on the opening scene of Heart of Darkness. Write a brief comparison/contrast response that analyzes how what Conrad is doing with language is similar to the effect created by Monet in this painting.

More Related