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Aid after the tsunami. LO: To be able to distinguish between different types of aid To be able to explain what aid would be needed to help after the tsunami. Types of aid. 400 million children do not have access to safe water 140 million children have never been to school

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aid after the tsunami
Aid after the tsunami

LO:

  • To be able to distinguish between different types of aid
  • To be able to explain what aid would be needed to help after the tsunami
types of aid

Types of aid

400 million children do not have access to safe water

140 million children have never been to school

270 million children have no access to health care services

Thousand of homes have been destroyed in Haiti after the earthquake.

how can developed countries help
How can developed countries help?
  • There are 3 types of aid

Short term aid

Given to immediately help in the aftermath of a disaster

Long term aid

Given to help a country develop over the course of a number of years

Appropriate aid

Help given to countries that uses local peoples skills and technology.

aid is given by 3 main groups
Aid is given by 3 main groups:
  • Individuals
  • Governments
  • Non-Governmental organizations (Unicef, Red Cross etc…)
governments short term
Governments: Short term
  • The governments of the affected countries reacted reasonably quickly but were reliant in many cases on OUTSIDE AID due to the magnitude of the disaster and the lower level of economic development of the places affected. 
  • The first tasks of the governments and humanitarian aid agencies were to ensure access to food and clean water, and medical care for the injured. The World Health Organization warned that the number of deaths from preventable diseases such as cholera and typhoid could rival the death toll from the disaster itself.
  • The USGS managed to get a warning to Africa which saved lives
governments longer term
Governments: Longer term
  • Country governments helped to rebuild whole community towns, including in Indonesia in Aceh province
  • An early warning system for Tsunami has now  been put in place in the Indian Ocean, through co-operation from many governments.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=psxquPsreb0

aceh province 5 years the disaster
Aceh province 5 years the disaster
  • http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/dec/23/2004-tsunami-five-years-on
  • 167,000 people died
  • Red Cross :has provided 4,807,000 people with assistance; 51,395 new houses have been built; 289 hospitals and clinics built or rehabilitated.
  • Pledged international aid from all sources for the recovery has topped $13.5bn, almost half of it given by private individuals and organisations.
tsunami what is needed

You are the foreign minister in Indonesia. Write a letter to the UK government to explain why you need emergency aid.

Include:

Explanation of the problem (e.g. what effects did the tsunami have) and what short term aid is most needed and why.

What other aid may also help the long term development of the area or would prevent this happening in the future.

Tsunami? What is needed….