Mexico’s History Chapter 6 Section 2
Olmec Civilization (1200 BC) • First to use maize = corn! • Used Jade in jewelry. • Carved huge statues out of obsidian.
MayanCivilization (250 BC – 900 A.D.) • Built huge pyramids, temples, palaces, stadiums, town squares decorated with murals. • Polytheistic = Sacrifice of animals and humans. • Trade = Salt, flint, feathers, shells, honey, squash, maize = corn, beans. • Developed hieroglyphic system of writing.
Totlec Civilization( 900 to 1200 A.D.) • Daily Human Sacrifices to Quetzacoatl the feathered dragon war god. • Built large pyramids, temples, courtyards. • VERY Warlike!
Aztec Civilization(1200 to 1520 A.D.) • Beautiful capital city on island in center of Volcano. Tenochtilan (Mexico City) • Larger than Rome or London (200,000 people) • MASSIVE Temples and Pyramids • Sacrificed humans daily. • Trade = Corn, Chocolate, Vanilla, Beans, Tomatoes, Potatoes, GOLD! • Conquered weaker tribes near them.
Spanish Conquest (1520) • Hernando Cortez conquerors Aztecs in 1520. • Spanish settle all of Mexico building large Haciendas. • Brought Roman Catholicism, Spanish language, and culture. • Took back gold and food riches.
Mexican Independence (1821) • Father Hidalgo first called for Mexican independence in 1810. • Army of 60,000 Mestizos and Indians marched on Mexico City. • Unfortunately the rebellion was defeated. • In 1820 Spain went into revolution. • Augustin de Iturbide (Emperor Augustin) led Mexico to Independence in 1821.
General Inturbide Pedro Miguel Hidalgo
Revolution (1910) • 1910 Emiliano Zapata led a revolution to end the corrupt government of Mexico. • He won and nationalized the haciendas. • Unfortunately, Mexico’s government is as corrupted as ever.