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2013 Iceland Policy Tour. 2012 Iceland Policy Tour: Organized by the Institute of the North –November, 2012. Karanhukar Powerhouse . Presentation Organization. Policy Tour Overview – Gwen Holdmann Details from experience – Jason Meyer Student policy paper Dominique Pride Josh Miller

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
2013 Iceland Policy Tour

2012 Iceland Policy Tour: Organized by the Institute of the North –November, 2012

Karanhukar Powerhouse

slide2
Presentation Organization
  • Policy Tour Overview – Gwen Holdmann
  • Details from experience – Jason Meyer
  • Student policy paper
    • Dominique Pride
    • Josh Miller
    • Julie Emslie
    • Chris Pike (via podcast)
  • Lessons learned (all)
slide4
Why Iceland?
  • A chance for focused learning about a country with similar challenges and take them back to Alaska
  • Why are things done differently in other places?
  • Builds on Norway policy tour in 2012
slide5
Student Involvement Opportunity
  • 4 students selected – range of backgrounds
  • Sponsored by Institute of the North, ACEP and UAF
  • Developed 4 policy questions during and after visits, resulting in papers
slide6
Alaska’s Energy Challenges
  • High energy costs
  • Fragmented electric grid
  • Harsh climate
  • End of supply lines
  • Stranded resources
  • Dispersed population
  • Centralized economy
  • Diverse culturally
slide7
Alaska’s Energy Challenges
  • High energy costs
  • Fragmented electric grid
  • Diverse culturally
  • Harsh climate
  • End of supply lines
  • Stranded resources
  • Dispersed population
  • Centralized economy

Similarities with Iceland

slide8
Alaska’s Energy Challenges
  • High energy costs
  • Fragmented electric grid
  • Diverse culturally
  • Harsh climate
  • End of supply lines
  • Stranded resources
  • Dispersed population
  • Centralized economy

Dissimilarities with Iceland

slide9
Iceland in 1901
  • Per capita national output was the same at today’s Ghana ($2500).
  • Dependent on one major industry (fishing).
  • Imported coal for heating.
  • Island environmentally decimated (all trees cut down, significant erosion of soil and stress on native vegetation due to overgrazing).
reykjavik in 1932
Reykjavik in 1932

All buildings heated using fossil fuels

slide11
Iceland Today
  • Estimated GDP per capita was $58,005 in 2008
  • Ranks 3rd in the world in United Nation’s Human Development index
  • Only 18% of its total energy needs imported.
  • It took Iceland just 100 years (3 generations) to become one of the world’s most affluent countries.
slide12
Reykjavik today

One of the cleanest cities in the world

iceland policy tour an overview
Iceland Policy Tour - An Overview
  • Policy Meetings
    • Parliament
    • President
    • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    • Ministry of Industries and Innovation
    • Renewable Energy Industry Visits to
    • LandsvikjunFljótsdalur power station
    • Reykjavik Geothermal
    • Municipality of Arborg/Selfoss District Heating
    • Hellisheidi Geothermal Plant
    • Mannvit Engineering
    • Verkis Consulting
  • Economic Development: Energy Intensive Industries
    • Alcoa Fjardaál aluminum smelter
    • Verne Global data center
    • FludaSveppir mushroom plant
  • Research/Education
    • University of Iceland
    • Gekon Consulting (cluster management)
iceland energy themes
Iceland Energy Themes
  • Identifying comparative advantages
  • Strategic, long-term planning
  • Investment
    • People
    • Institutions
    • Infrastructure
iceland energy mix
Iceland Energy Mix
    • 80% of primary energy supply comes from renewable resources (hydro, geothermal)
    • 99.9% of electricity production
    • 99% of space heating
  • Remaining 20% comes from imported fossil fuels, used mainly in transportation and fisheries

Source Iceland National Energy Authority

geothermal energy in iceland
Geothermal Energy in Iceland

Space Heating

Geothermal Utilization

Source Iceland National Energy Authority

slide21
Hellisheidi Geothermal Plant

2nd largest geothermal plant

303 MW electricity

133 MW hot water

electricity profile 2010
Electricity Profile (2010)

Installed Capacity

Electricity Production

Electricity Consumption

Source Iceland National Energy Authority

slide23
Kárahnjúkar Hydropower Plant

4,6000 GWh annually

690 MW installed capacity

slide24
FjardaálAluminum Smelter

940 tons of aluminum a day

~1% of world aluminum production

iceland exports 2011
Iceland Exports (2011)

Positive Trade Balance, 14%

iceland energy planning
Iceland Energy Planning
  • Comprehensive Energy Strategy for Iceland
    • Having renewable energy sources replace imported energy
    • Support diversified industry
    • Precautionary and protective approach in energy production
  • Master Plan for Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources
    • 80 different possibilities for hydropower and geothermal power plants have been listed and analyzed
      • Sustainability issues, preservation of natural environments and historic sites, tourism and alternative land use, regional development and economy
    • Sites put in three categories:
      • Green – Proceed with utilization process (apply for licenses etc.) – 8.5 TWh
      • Yellow – Site subject to further research – 12.5 TWh
      • Red – Site shall be preserved and not utilized for energy purposes – 11.3 TWh
uaf energy policy research
UAF Energy Policy Research
  • 4 graduate students conducting targeted policy analysis papers for legislators
  • Overcoming barriers to transformation
    • District heating in Reykjavik
    • Geothermal development and knowledge economy
    • Kárahnjúkar project
    • Food security
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