OTHER CONDITIONALS. PROVIDED / PROVIDING (THAT) = IF (on condition that ). Travelling by car is convenient provided / providing ( that ) you have somewhere to park. (but only if you have somewhere to park)
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PROVIDED / PROVIDING (THAT) = IF (on conditionthat) • Travellingby car is convenientprovided / providing (that)youhavesomewhereto park. • (but onlyifyouhavesomewhereto park) • Providing (that) / Provided (that) theroom is clean, I don’tmindwhich hotel westay at. • (the hotel must be clean- otherwise I don’tmind)
AS LONG AS / SO LONG AS = IF • You can borrowmy car as long as youpromise not todrivetoofast. solong as • (you can borrowmy car, but youmustpromise not todrivetoofast- this is a condition) • As long as youstudy hard, you can passtheexam. • Solong as
ONLY IF • I will let you go only if you tell the truth. • Only if it rains will the picnic be postponed. • Onlyifyoustudy hard canyoupasstheexam.
BE CAREFUL !!!!!!! • I willlendhimsomemoneyprovided he promisesto pay me back. • I wouldlendhimsomemoneyprovided he promisedto pay me back. • I wouldhavelenthimsomemoneyprovided he had promisedto pay me back. • (as in 1./2/3. conditional)
UNLESS • Type 1 • Youcan’tpasstheexamifyoudon’tstudy. • Youcan’tpasstheexamunlessyoustudy. • Unlessyouleavehome at once, youwill be lateforwork. • Thefactorywillhaveto be closeddownunlesstheeconomicsituationimproves.
Type 2 • Unless he werecertain of thegame’soutcome, he wouldnot be predicting it withsuchconfidence. • If he were not certain…….. • (He is certain of thegame’soutcome, so he is predicting it withconfidence)
Type 3 • Unlessshehad wantedtospeaktohimalone, shewould not haveofferedtodrivehimhomeherself. • Ifshe had not wantedto ……….. • (Shewantedtospeaktohimalone, sosheofferedtodrivehimhomeherself)
UsuallyUnless + positivesentence = meaning is negative • BUT !!!!!!! • Don’tgoout in themidday sun unlessyoureallycan’tavoid it. • (unless + negative = foremphasis) • (ifyou can avoid it)
Unless her zaman bir istisna, ya da istisnai durumlar ifade eder. • Don’tcall me unlessyou (really) needhelp. • Call me onlyifyoureallyneedhelp. • Don’tcall me ifyoudon’tneedanyhelp. • I won’t be on time forthemeetingif I can’t find a taxi.
EVEN IF (olsa bile) • Ifit is coldtomorrow, wewon’tgo on a picnic. • Evenifit is coldtomorrow, wewillgo on a picnic. • I’llforgivehimifhe apologizesto me. • I won’tforgivehimevenifhe apologizesto me.
WHETHER ……..OR NOT (olsa da, olmasa da) • I willgotothepartywhethertheyinvite me or not. • Whetherandevenifaresimiliar in meaning: • I won’tforgivehimwhether he apologizesto me or not. • I won’tforgivehimevenif he apologizesto me. • Youhavetohelphimwhetheryoulikehimor not. • Youhavetohelphimevenifyoudon’tlikehim.
SUPPOSE / SUPPOSING (THAT) farzet ki…. • Suppose (that) wemissthetrain, how else can wegetthere ? • Ifwemissthetrain, how else can wegetthere ? • Supposing (that) he cheated on you, how wouldyoureact ? • If he cheated on you……….?
ON (THE) CONDITION THAT (koşuluyla) • I can allowyoutousemy car on (the ) conditionthatyoupromisetodrivecarefully. • You can takemydictionary on (the) conditionthatyoubring it backbyFriday.
WHAT IF…….. ? • Whatifyudon’tgetyoursalary in time ? • Whatwillhappenifyoudon’tgetyoursalary in time ? • (Maaşını vaktinde almazsan ne olacak ?) • Whatif he didn’tcometomorrow ? • O yarın gelmezse ne olur ? • Whatifyouhadn’tlearntthenews ? • Haberi öğrenmemiş olsaydın ne olurdu ?
IN CASE • I willtakesomethingtoeat in case I gethungryduringthejourney. • (Yolda acıkırsam diye yanıma yiyecek bir şeyler alacağım) • I took an umbrellawith me in case it rained. • (Yağmur yağarsa diye yanıma şemsiye aldım.) • I sent him a secondletter in case he hadn’treceivedthefirstone. • (Birincisini almamışsa diye ona ikinci bir mektup gönderdim)
Simple Present + in case + should, can, can’t / Simple Present • I wanttogiveyoumyphonenumber in caseyouneed / shouldneedtocall me. • PresentContinuous + in case + should / can / can’t / Simple Present • I’m cookingplenty of food in casesomeonecomes / shouldcomefordinner. • Present Perfect + in case + should, can, can’t / Simple Present • I’vealreadybookeda seatforyou in caseyoudecide / shoulddecidetocometothetheatrewith us.
Would + in case + past tense / should / could(n’t) • He wouldalwaystake his umbrellawithhim in case it rained / shouldrain. • Past tense + in case + Past tense / should / could(n’t) • I advised her totakeplenty of clotheswith her whilegoing on holiday in caseshecouldn’twashthedirtyoned. • I cookedplenty of food in casesomeonecame / shouldcomefordinner. • Past Perfect + in case + Past tense / should / could(n’t) • I had alreadybooked a seatfor her in caseshedecided / shoulddecidetocometothetheatrewith us.
I always put somemoney aside in caseI need / shouldneed it urgently. • I always put somemoney aside because I mayneed it urgently. • I always put somemoney aside forfearthatI mayneed it urgently.
IN CASE OF ………..A NOUN (durumunda) • Incase of (an) emergency, you can callthisnumber. • Theflight’sfull, but we’ll put your name on thelist, in case of (a) cancellation.
MIXED TIME IF CLAUSES • If + type 3, type 2 • If I hadn’tspentallmymoneyfoolishly, I wouldn’t be brokenow. • If + type 2, type 3 • If he weren’t a rudeman, he wouldn’thaverebukedhis wife in front of others at thepartylastnight
OMITTING IF • Type 1 • Ifyouneedanyhelp, don’thesitatetocall me. • Shouldyouneedanyhelp………… • He can improve his English if he goesabroadnextsummer. • …………………….. should he goabroaknextsummer. • Ifyoudon’t pay yourbills in time, youmaygetintotrouble. • Shouldyou not pay yourbills……………….
Type 2 • If I wereyou, I wouldforgivehim. • Were I you, I wouldforgivehim. • I wouldfeelhappynowif he were here. • I wouldfeelhappynowwere he here. • Ifyouweren’tbusyrightnow, wecouldgooutfor a walk. • Wereyou not busyrightnow, we……… • I wouldgivehimyourmessageif I sawhimtomorrow. • Were I toseehimtomorrow, I wouldgive……….. • If I weretransferredto a remotebranch, I’dresignimmediately. • Were I to be transferredto a remote……… • Were I transferredto a remote…………..
Type 3 • If he had beenmorecareful, he wouldn’thave had an accident. • Had he beenmorecareful, ……….. • If he had beendrivingmorecarefully, he wouldn’thavebeen in hospitalnow. • Had he beendrivingmore………….. • If he hadn’tforgottenaboutthemeeting, he wouldhavegonethere. • Had he not forgottenabout………..
IMPLIED CONDITIONS (ima edilmiş koşul cümleleri) • BUT • I wouldhavecometoseeyouyesterday, but I didn’thave time. • If I had time………. • I wouldcomewithyou, but myfatherdoesn’tlet me outalone at night. • Ifmyfatherlet me out………… • He would be a lawyernow, but he had toquitschoolbecause of his financialproblems. • ………………….. if he hadn’t had toquit…………..
BUT FOR (eğer olmasaydı) • He wouldplay in today’smatch but for his kneeinjury. • If he didn’thave a kneeinjury, he wouldplay………. • I wouldhavetripped on thathose but foryourwarning me. • Ifyouhadn’twarned me, I wouldhave ……………..
OTHERWISE / OR (ELSE) • Youhavetohurry; otherwise, youwillmissthetrain. • Ifyoudon’thurry, youwill…………. • Youmuststudy hard, or (else) youwon’tpasstheexam. • Ifyoudon’tstudy hard, youwon’t……….. • Shemust be veryhappy; otherwise, shewouldn’t be laughingsouproariously. • Shedidn’ttellhimthetruth, or (else) he wouldhavegotangrywith her.
WITHOUT • I can’tpossiblyfinishthisjobwithoutanyhelp. • ………………………….. if I don’tgetanyhelp. • Wewouldstill be livinglikeprimitiveswithoutelectricity. • Withouthis generouscontributions, wecouldneverhaveheldtheCharityBall.