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Washington Naval Conference and its effects. By Yongmin Cho. W.N.C, A Solution to end the Arms Race?. Conducted in 1921 in Washinton D.C. A.K.A Post-war experiment at disarmament Sought to end the naval arms race between Britain, Japan and U.S by limiting of naval armament

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w n c a solution to end the arms race
W.N.C, A Solution to end the Arms Race?
  • Conducted in 1921 in Washinton D.C.
  • A.K.A Post-war experiment at disarmament
  • Sought to end the naval arms race between Britain, Japan and U.S by limiting of naval armament
  • Major Naval Powers Attended
    • United States
    • British Kingdom
    • France
    • Italy
    • Japan
the spirit of the agreement
The Spirit of the Agreement

To…

  • Maintain Peace in the Pacific
  • Reduce burdens of armament in competition
  • Put an end to Japanese expansion
letter of the agreement what did it accomplish
Letter of the Agreement: What did it accomplish?
  • Many Treaties…
    • Four Power Treaty
    • Five Power Treaty (Washington Naval Treaty)
    • Nine Power Treaty
  • In Summary,
    • Fleets were limited in size and armament
    • Ceased ‘battle ship’ production
    • Open Door Policy (free trade) in China
immediate effects
Immediate Effects
  • From naval limitations, participating nations were able to save a lot of money
  • Calmed tensions in the Pacific and preserved peace in the 1920s
  • Britain and U.S. benefitted from abolition of Anglo – Japanese Alliance
problems of the agreement and why it was not effective in the long run
Problems of the Agreement and why it was not effective in the long run!!
  • There were loopholes; with excess funds, nations constructed smaller, more effective vessels that were not touched in the letter of the agreement
  • Japan’s fleet was concentrated; it ultimately enabled Rise of Japanese Empire as a naval power leading up to WWII, after Japan ended participation in 1936