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Review The Preamble and Article 1 for Quiz. Preamble and Article 1 Quiz. Choose the letter of the best answer. 1. Someone charged with a crime who flees to another state must be returned to the original state by the state he or she has gone to if

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preamble and article 1 quiz
Preamble and Article 1 Quiz

Choose the letter of the best answer.

1. Someone charged with a crime who flees to another state must be returned to the original state by the state he or she has gone to if

A. the governor of the original state requests it.

B. the crime was a felony.

C. the crime was a federal crime.

D. a federal court judge issues such an order

2. In the Constitution, the “supreme law of the land” is defined as being

A. the will of the people.

B. the Constitution itself.

C. acts passed by Congress.

D. Supreme Court decisions.

3. A person cannot serve as a member of a state legislature or hold office unless he or she

A. is elected by popular vote.

B. is approved by the the Congress

C. belongs to an established church

D. swears an oath of loyalty to the Constitution.

4. The Constitution requires that state governments

A. reflect the two-party system.

B. represent the people who reside in the states.

C. have two houses, like the federal government.

D. have a chief executive elected by popular vote.

the living constitution
The Living Constitution
  • I.The Preamble and Article 1: The Legislature

A. Preamble- to show the legitimacy of the government, and that it is from the people. Also, to state why the new government is being formed.

slide4
B.Congress- The House and the Senate

    1.House of Representatives- “the lower house”. Based on population. Serve for 2 years.

    2.Senate- “the upper house”. Chosen by state legislatures (now elected by voters). Each state has 2. Serve for 6 years.

-Section 2.5, Article 1- Impeachment. Part of checks and balances.

slide5
C. Congressional Procedures and Powers:Article 1,

Sections 7- 10

   1.Section 7, Article 1- How a bill becomes a law.

-        - all bills for raising money must begin in the House of Representatives.

slide6
   2.Section 8- powers of the Congress. Enumerated powers.

- Clauses 1- 16- make sure civilians control the military

slide7
   3. 18th Clause- gives Congress the power to do what is “necessary and proper.”

   -  implied powers – elastic clause

4. Section 9- 10- What federal and state governments can not do.

slide8
The Living Constitution

I. The Preamble and Article 1: The Legislature

A. Preamble- to show the legitimacy of the government, and that it is from the people. Also, to state why the new government is being formed.

B. Congress- The House and the Senate

1. House of Representatives- “the lower house”. Based on population. Serve for 2 years.

2. Senate- “the upper house”. Chosen by state legislatures (now elected by voters). Each state has 2. Serve for 6 years.

-Section 2.5, Article 1- Impeachment. Part of checks and balances.

C. Congressional Procedures and Powers: Article 1,

Sections 7- 10

1. Section 7, Article 1- How a bill becomes a law.

all bills for raising money must begin in the House of Representatives.

2. Section 8- powers of the Congress. Enumerated powers.

Clauses 1- 16- make sure civilians control the military.

3. 18th Clause- gives Congress the power to do what is “necessary and proper.”

implied powers – elastic clause

4. Section 9- 10- What federal and state governments can not do.

slide9
Article 1 Review- Fill in the blank
  • The legislative branch is composed of two bodies, the ____________ and the _____________.
  • Among the expressed powers of Congress are the power to collect _________, borrow ________________, and regulate __________.
  • The ___________________ clause gives Congress the authority to perform acts not specifically stated in the Constitution.
  • The Vice- President of the United States is the _________ of the Senate, but may not vote on legislation unless the Senate is tied.
  • The House of Representatives has the sole power of ___________, but it is the Senate’s duty to try all accused officials.
  • Congress may pass a law over the President’s veto with a _________ vote in each house.
  • Election for the House of Representatives are held every ________ years while the elections for the Senate are held every _______ years.
article ii and iii quiz
Article II and III Quiz

Choose the letter of the best answer.

1.The vice- president of the united states also serves as

A. speaker of the house.

B. “commander-in-chief.”

C. president of the senate.

D. a member of the cabinet.

2. What is the minimum age for a member of the house of representatives?

A. 20

B. 25

C. 30

D. 35

3. Overriding a presidential veto of a bill requires

A. a two-thirds vote by both houses of Congress.

B. a unanimous vote by both houses of Congress.

C. a three-fourths vote by both houses of Congress.

D. a majority vote by one house and a two-thirds vote by the other.

4. Under what conditions may a state engage in war with a foreign nation?

A. under no conditions

B. only when delay would be dangerous.

C. when the Congress refuses to declare war.

D. when the federal government dose not have a treaty with the nation.

the constitution article ii and article iii
The Constitution, Article II and Article III

II.The Executive and the Judiciary

A.  President- chief executive

1. Electoral College

·12th amendment

2. Section 1.6 – succession. Ensures power will be transferred peacefully.

slide13
    3.President’s salary

    4.Section 2.1- Commander-in-chief of the armed forces (checks and balances)

a.Presidential appointments

b.Cabinet

c.State of the Union Address

slide14
B. Judiciary

1. establishes one Supreme Court, but leaves inferior courts to be set up by Congress

·federal judges

2. Judges serve during “good behavior”

slide15
3. Federal courts have jurisdiction only in certain cases

·Judicial Power

·Judicial Review

4. Clause 3- Trial by jury

slide16
The Constitution, Article II and Article III

II. The Executive and the Judiciary

A. President- chief executive

1. Electoral College

12th amendment

2. Section 1.6 – succession. Ensures power will be transferred peacefully.

3. President’s salary

4. Section 2.1- Commander-in-chief of the armed forces (checks and balances)

a. Presidential appointments

b. Cabinet

c. State of the Union Address

B. Judiciary

1. establishes one Supreme Court, but leaves inferior courts to be set up by Congress

federal judges

2. Judges serve during “good behavior”

3. Federal courts have jurisdiction only in certain cases

Judicial Power

Judicial Review

4. Clause 3- Trial by jury

slide17
Article 2- Yes or No
  • Is the length of the President’s term set by the Constitution?
  • Does the number of electors that each state has in the Electoral College vary from state to state?
  • Must national elections be held in November?
  • Can a 30 year old natural born citizen hold the office of president?
  • Can an 80 year old person who became a US citizen at the age of 21 hold the office of president?
  • Does the president’s salary always remain the same while in office?
  • Must someone elected to the Presidency take on oath before taking office?
  • Can the president pardon someone convicted of treason?
  • Must the president report to Congress about how the nation is doin?
  • Can a president convicted of bribery remain in office?
slide18
Article 3- Yes or No

Can a president dismiss a member of the Supreme Court and replace him or her with someone more in agreement with the president?

Can the salary paid to a federal judge be lowered while that judge remains in office?

Must a case in which a resident of Nebraska sues a citizen of Louisiana be heard in a federal court?

Can someone who publicly urges others to overthrow the federal government be convicted of treason for that position?

Can a person who gives secret information about US military plans to a foreign government be convicted of treason?

Can a person who denies having committed treason be convicted on the testimony of a single person who witnessed the treasonous act?