Proof of the existence of god
Download
1 / 31

Proof of the Existence of God - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 468 Views
  • Updated On :

Apologetics to the Glory of God. Ch4 Existence of God. Proof of the Existence of God. This proof should help the reader to see in what sense the evidence for God is obvious.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Proof of the Existence of God' - kylia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Proof of the existence of god l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Proof of the Existence of God

This proof should help the reader to see in what sense the evidence for God is obvious.

The conclusion of the argument will not be some bare theism, but the distinctive God of Scripture: Trinitarian, sovereign, transcendent, immanent, absolute and personal

  • Moral Argument

  • Epistemological Argument

    Metaphysical Arguments:

  • Teleological Argument – Purpose

  • Cosmological Argument – Cause

  • Ontological Argument – Being


Psalm 71 14 19 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Psalm 71:14-19

v.14 Faith is being sure, or confident,

of the hope you have.

I will speak so God is praised and

v.15 His salvation is clearly displayed.

Proofs of God’s righteousness and his deeds of salvation are more numerous than I can count.

v.16 Speak with POWER from the Holy Spirit

v.17 I have known God from my youth and I keep on proclaiming His wondrous deeds in my life.

v.18 Preserve me till I’m old so that I

will proclaim You to another generation.

v.19 Your righteousness extends into infinity. You do great things,

Who is like you?


Moral argument l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Moral Argument

  • Moral Values

  • We cannot see them

  • We cannot feel them

  • We cannot hear them

  • We know they exist

  • Ex. A witness can see a thief walk into a bank and rob it, but they cannot see the moral evil of the robbers action. The evil is without a doubt there.

  • Right and Wrong cannot be seen or heard


Moral argument4 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Moral Argument

  • Ethical Values

  • Truth is an ethical value

  • Jean-Paul Sartre

  • Ethical values are hierarchically structured


Moral argument5 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Moral Argument

  • Morality

  • We learn morality, typically, in the family

  • Moral standards presuppose absolute moral standards, which presuppose the existence of an absolute person

  • If God is absolute then he has no beginning and no end


A cursory look at christian epistemology l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Epistemological

A Cursory Look at Christian Epistemology

  • What is knowledge?

  • What can we know?

  • How do we come to know what we know?

  • How do we know we really know?

  • What are the limits of knowledge?


Slide7 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Scripture is God’s voluntary self-revelation and our knowledge of who the Creator is and who we are must come from this authoritative Word.

The Psalmist says, “The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein” (Psalm 24:1)


Circular reasoning l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Circular Reasoning

  • Circular reasoning is the only reasoning that is possible for finite man

  • we either reason from God to God-given and God-interpreted facts

  • or, from man to man-interpreted facts.


Two levels of knowing l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Two levels of knowing

  • God’s knowledge is ultimate and absolute

  • Man’s knowledge is derivative and dependent


Three states of epistemological consciousness l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Three states of epistemological consciousness

1. Adamic Consciousness- although this state does not exist at the present, it was extant with Adam and Eve prior to the fall. Adam as a finite being was created with an innate knowledge of God.


Three states of epistemological consciousness11 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Three states of epistemological consciousness

2. Unregenerate Consciousness- Scripture tells us that when Adam broke the law of God, a profound change took place in Adam and subsequently in all men. Instead of being inherently receptive to the revelation and law of God, Adam’s reason, will, and affections sought to suppress the same law and revelation (Rom. 1:18-23).


Three states of epistemological consciousness12 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Three states of epistemological consciousness

3. Regenerate Consciousness- After regeneration the intellect, the will, and the affections are renewed in principle

(Col.3:10). By the renewing work of the Holy Spirit man’s mind is in principle returned to its normal (Adamic) condition.


Slide13 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

  • If evolution was true, why does only man have logic?

    - Some say it was an evolved improvement to preserve the human species (e.g. we don’t just step in front of a car expecting not to be hit, because of logic)

    - According to evolutionists cockroaches and other animals have been around longer than humans


In conclusion l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

In Conclusion

The power of logic is normative and ethical. It tells us what we ought to confess as a conclusion, granting our confession of premises. And if it is ethical, it is covenantal; like moral values, it rests on the dependable word of a trust worthy person, a Lord, or absolute divine personality. Thus, when unbelievers use logic to raise objections against Christianity, they are using something which, manipulate it how they may, points in the opposite direction.


Slide15 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Teleological Argument


Teleological argument l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Teleological Argument

* The name “the teleological argument” is derived from the Greek word telos, meaning end or purpose.

* It is important to keep in mind that when we say that the world is “designed” we are comparing it to man made objects.


Slide17 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

* Science is a Religion

* Definition of religion: is the way one believes

* Science is not a religion. Creation is a religion but not science.

* Science is based upon faith. For example: evolution has not been seen and has not been tested but with faith people believe that it happened.


Slide18 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

* Scientist dated Fossils by the Rock layers they were found in and Rock layers were dated by the Fossils in them. This is CIRCULAR REASONING.

* Logical reasoning tells us that rock layers that are lower are older than those that are higher. But sometimes to find the age of a rock we have to look at the fossils inside that rock.

* Was that circular reasoning?


Slide19 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

* Life is evolving but only in a downhill direction.

* There is plenty of evidence for beneficial mutations and natural selection as seen in the way bacteria adapts to new environments.

* Everything can adapt to new environments, but can a group mutate into a whole new species?


Slide20 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Therefore

The universe has an intelligent DESIGNER

Psalm 8: 3-4


Cosmological l.jpg

-The basics of Cosmological-

-Came from the Greek Word “Kosmos”, which means “World” or “Universe”

This argument generally begins with the existence of the world or some part of it and seeks to establish the existence of a necessary Being whocauses the existence of the world.

The Three Forms of the Cosmological Argument

1. The Thomist argument – Discussed later

2. The Leibnizian argument – The existance of God is important and necessary

3. The Kalam argument – The world was caused to exist at the beginning of time

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Cosmological


The thomist argument l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

The Thomist Argument

  • Got its name from St.Thomas Aquinas

  • Humans are restricted, contingent beings

  • Such beings need something to be dependent upon

  • Must come from one Essential Being like God


Sub sets of the thomist argument l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Sub-sets of the Thomist Argument

  • Motion – every motion is caused by a previous motion, ultimately requiring an “unmoved mover”

  • Cause – much like the motion argument, but simpler. Every effect is caused by a previous action; the whole process requiring a “first” or “uncaused” cause.


Opposition to thomistic arguments l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Opposition to Thomistic Arguments

  • Irrationalism – believe some events are “uncaused”

    • Ironically try to build rational arguments to prove their beliefs.

    • However any effect resulting from an “uncaused” cause would have no meaning or rational grounds.

    • How can we find meaning in an irrational world?


Overview of the kalam argument l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Overview of the Kalam Argument

Universe

Beginning

No Beginning

Caused

Not caused

Personal

Not Personal


From the view of christianity l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

From the view of Christianity

  • The world is not self-existent and self-explanatory.

  • It is not Causeless

  • God is the ultimate source of the world.

    If we assume that the world is rational, we must assume that God is the author of the reason.


Ontological l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Ontological

Ontological Argument

The ontological argument attempts to prove God’s existence through abstract reasoning alone.

Ontological Argument Alone?

-All arguments should be presented and used together.

For example: Many strands of one rope.

Proving God’s Existence

-If arguments are united, God’s existence becomes convincing to unbelievers.


Ontological continued l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Ontological Continued…

Formulating the Ontological Argument:

Premise 1: God has all perfections.

Premise 2: Existence is a perfection.

Conclusion: Therefore, God exists.

Definition of God:

Perfection: greatest possible being, not merely the greatest thing that happens to exist. He is the highest great-making property to the highest degree.


Ontological continued29 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Ontological Continued…

Argument Based on Reason:

The fact that we can conceive the idea of God shows that He exists, because we cannot conceive anything greater than ourselves, unless that being gives us the ability.

Ontological Argument Claims:

that the idea that God doesn’t exist is just as preposterous as saying a four sided triangle exists.


Ontological continued30 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God

Ontological Continued…

Confusion of Atheists:

Perhaps atheists doubt in the existence of God because they can’t believe in the existence of a perfect being.

Conclusion – Anselm of Cantebury:

He stated that he was seeking “not to understand, that I may believe, but to believe, that I might understand.”


Slide31 l.jpg

Apologetics to the Glory of God

Ch4 Existence of God


ad