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Arguments for the existence of God. Do you believe in God? Why or why not?. The Ontological Argument. Ontos = “being” - to exist God is: “…that than which nothing greater can be conceived” (St. Anselm, 11 th cent.) “…the most perfect being” (Descartes, 17 th cent.)

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arguments for the existence of god

Arguments for the existence of God

Do you believe in God?

Why or why not?

the ontological argument
The Ontological Argument
  • Ontos = “being” - to exist
  • God is:

“…that than which nothing greater can be conceived” (St. Anselm, 11th cent.)

“…the most perfect being” (Descartes, 17th cent.)

    • Existence is a perfection
    • A god that does not exist is not perfect

= the most perfect being must necessarily exist

  • As I understand it…
the cosmological argument
The Cosmological Argument

Thomas Aquinas’ (13th Cent.) “five proofs”:

  • God is “first mover”
  • God is “first cause”
  • God is necessarily self-existent
  • God is the standard of all goodness
  • God is the intelligent designer of the universe…
  • I was confused by…
the teleological argument
The Teleological Argument

William Paley (18th century)

The argument from design:

  • “teleos” = “purpose” - order, goal
  • Complexity and order in the universe suggests there must be an intelligent designer of the universe (= God)
  • “Intelligent Design” – the new creationism
an argument against the existence of god
An argument against the existence of God

The problem of evil:

  • There is evil and suffering in this world
  • God is supposed to be all good, all knowing, all powerful
  • Why would an all good, all knowing, all powerful God allow evil and suffering in this world that God supposedly created?

= such a god must not exist

How do you respond to this?

why believe pascal s wager blaise pascal 17 th century
Why Believe? Pascal’s WagerBlaise Pascal (17th century)
  • We have two choices: to believe or not believe
  • There are two possibilities: God exists or does not exist
  • 2x2=4 possible outcomes:
    • Believe in a god that exists and be rewarded in the afterlife
    • Believe in a god that does not exist and suffer no consequences
    • Do not believe in a god that does not exist and suffer no consequences
    • Do not believe in a god that does exist and be punished in the afterlife
  • Which is the “safest” bet?
  • Best to believe “just in case” - an argument for the agnostic
deep thinking questions
Deep Thinking Questions:
  • Which argument makes the most sense to you? Why?
  • I was confused by…
  • What are some logical arguments against…
  • Your deep thinking questions: