PEOPLE. “The man who smiles in the face of trouble… Has found someone to blame it on.”. Anatomy. Supratentorial: better prognosis Infratentorial . forebrain is responsible for "thinking," behavior, and final integration of sensory information. Brain: Neoplasia.
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“The man who smiles in the face of trouble…
Has found someone to blame it on.”
Supratentorial: better prognosis
forebrain is responsible for "thinking," behavior, and final integration of sensory information
Enlarging mass in brain; causes compression of healthy tissue or replacement with cancerous tissue
chemotherapy, and palliative treatment of the symptoms
type (lymphomas respond well; other less so)
the brain shifts too far
too many cells may
become too excited and a seizure can result
When the seizure begins, the dog stiffensand falls; They then begin jerking movementsThey are not in pain during the seizureand cannot control their bladder or bowels.
seek comfort/protection from
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“Life is the art of drawing without an eraser.”
-John w. Gardner
Like brain, spinal cord enclosed in hard covering
IVDD problem in both humans and canine
Anatomical differences—cervical same; lumbar—human bears weight, canine doesn’t
Attached rib (thorax) helps stabilize the IV joint; worse at T-L junction (dogs)
Degeneration of disk occurs with age
Dries out, shrinks (we get shorter as we age)
Normal spinal column and disk Prolapsed disk
consistent IV space
Which disk space?
Which disk space?
Myelogram: Disk herniation at C2-3 (narrowed IV space, narrowed spinal canal)
Normal toy breed dog Toy breed dog with atlantoaxial subluxation
Narrowed spinal canal
X-rays of same dogs; note separation of C1 and C2 when dog’s neck is flexed in B
Stabilization using trans-articular
Stabilization using screws and bone cement