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Jackie Robinson

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Jackie Robinson - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Jackie Robinson. Mrs. Wasson. Influential because…. Became the 1 st African-American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) Started 1 st base for Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947 Played 10 seasons 6 World Series Dodgers World Champs in 1955

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Jackie Robinson

Mrs. Wasson

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Influential because…
  • Became the 1st African-American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB)
  • Started 1st base for Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947
  • Played 10 seasons
    • 6 World Series
    • Dodgers World Champs in 1955
    • Selected for 6 consecutive All-Star Games 1949-1954
    • National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949
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Birth Information

Jack Roosevelt “Jackie” Robinson

  • Born January 31, 1919
  • Youngest of 5
  • Middle name honor of former President Theodore Roosevelt (died 25 days before he was born)
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Early life
  • Parents: Jerry and Mallie Robinson, dad left family in 1920 (1 year old)
  • Moved to Pasadena, California
  • Mom worked odd jobs to support family
  • Lived in poverty in an affluent area
  • Joined a neighborhood gang, but his friend got him to leave
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Family Life
  • Married Rachel Isum in 1946
    • Met at UCLA
  • 3 Children
    • Jackie, Jr. (died at age 25)
    • Sharon
    • David
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School years

High School

College

1st athlete to earn varsity letter in 4 sports

1938, won region’s Most Valuable Player for baseball

Played football for semi-professional Honolulu Bears

  • Was encourage to pursue sports by older brother Mack (silver medalist at 1936 Summer Olympics)
  • Lettered in 4 sports: football, basketball, track, and baseball
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Military Career
  • Drafted to a segregated Army cavalry unit in Fort rile, Kansas in 1942
  • 1944 - Court martialed for refusing to sit in back of bus
    • Was acquitted by all white panel of officers
    • Prohibited him from being deployed overseas
  • Served as a coach for Army athletics
  • Honorable discharge in November 1944
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Post Military
  • Was athletic director at Sam Huston College in Austin, TX
  • While at Sam Huston College was asked to play professional baseball in the Negro leagues
    • Contract $400 ($5,240 in 2014 dollars) per month
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Minor league career
  • 1946 – Montreal Royals Class AAA International League (Dodgers affiliate team)
  • Very controversial in racial area like Florida
    • Not allowed to stay in team hotel
    • Some spring training events cancelled
    • Some games called off
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Major League Career
  • 1947 – Called up to Dodgers at age 28
  • Still racism
    • Some players sit out of games
  • Ended when Manager Leo Durocher stood up for him
    • Threatened to trade players if they did not play
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More racism in majors
  • Teams threatened to strike
  • Ford Frick, National League President
    • Said striking players would be suspended
    • Caused rough playing towards Robinson
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Post Baseball Life
  • 1957 - Retired from baseball at age 37
    • Medical problems from diabetes (hard to control it in those days)
  • 1962 - Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1966 – 1972 TV analyst and commentator
    • 1st African-American TV sports analyst
  • 1972 – Dodgers retired his uniform number 42
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Death
  • Son, Jackie Robinson Jr. died June 17, 1971
    • Automobile accident
  • Jackie Robinson died October 24, 1972
    • Had heart disease, diabetes which made him almost blind by middle age
    • Died of heart attack
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Recognition
  • 1997 - #42 retired throughout MLB
    • 1st time a jersey retired throughout a sport

Main entrance of New York Mets, Citi Field called “Jackie Robinson Rotunda”

Brookside park in Pasadena, California - #42 on center field wall

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“Jackie Robinson Day”
  • April 15, 2004 – 1st “Jackie Robinson Day”
    • Initiated by Major League Baseball
    • An annual tradition
    • April 15 every player on every team wears #42
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Interesting facts
  • Great at all sports
  • After retirement was vice president of personnel for a coffee company
    • 1st African-American VP of a major American corporation
  • Co-founded Freedom National Bank – black owned and operated bank in Harlem, NY
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Resources
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jackie_Robinson
  • http://www.jackierobinson.com/about/bio.html
  • http://mentalfloss.com/article/50059/42-facts-about-jackie-robinson
  • http://www.biography.com/people/jackie-robinson-9460813
  • http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/jackie-robinson
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