A Brief History & The Poetics
History • Born 384 BCE • Student of Plato • 347 Moved on • Alexander the Great • School at Lyceum • Death of Alexander in 323/ Aristotle Escapes • Death 322
Major Works • Logic • Physical works • Psychological works • Works on Natural History • Philosophical Works • Poetics
Comedy Action: Funny, “human weakness,” Fanciful. Characters: Common People Plot: Unexpectedevents, end is happy Focus: Teach a lesson about human limitation • Catharsis & Education through empathy.
Tragedy Action: Serious, actual doings, “high importance’ Characters: Unique People Plot: Unity, logical events, end is suitable Focus: Nobility of humans, Freedom, knowledge, love • Catharsis: education through imitation
Tragic Elements: Hero Man Noble or Upper Class or Elevated End up dead or Fundamentally changed Flaw
Tragic Elements: Fall • Encounter great forces • Try to go against a set rule or norm • Personal character trait
Tragic Elements : Plot • Realization • Fall • Resolution