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The “Lance-a-lot” of School Library Studies. Alaska. School Libraries DO Work!. Pennsylvania. From Sea to Shining Sea: Linking Libraries to Student Achievement By Lorrie Heagy. Alaska Colorado Illinois Iowa Massachusetts Michigan New Mexico Oregon Pennsylvania Texas.

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the lance a lot of school library studies
The “Lance-a-lot” of School Library Studies


School Libraries

DO Work!


From Sea to Shining Sea: Linking Libraries to Student Achievement

By Lorrie Heagy



  • Colorado
  • Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • New Mexico
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Texas

What do these 10 states all have in common?

They have all

been a part of one man’s

quest to collect quantifiable

data on school libraries &

student achievement!

His name is Dr. Keith Curry Lance


Lance’s 1st State Study

Because Lance conducted research in over 3,000 schools across the country, he has become a knight in shining armor for school librarians everywhere by recognizing their impact on student achievement.

200 schools grades 4,7

Colorado (2000)

That’s a lot of studies!

That’s why he’s earned the title: “Lance-a-lot” of Library Studies


435 schools grades 5,8,11

211 schools grades 4,8,11

Pennsylvania (2000)

Alaska (2000)

519 schools grades 4,8,10

513 schools grades 5,8,10

600 schools grades 5,8,10

Oregon (2001)

Texas (2001)

Massachusetts (2000)

Michigan (2003)

657 schools grades K-12

380 schools grades 4,8,10

506 schools grades 4,8,11

370schools grades 4,7,11

Illinois (2005)

Iowa (2002)

New Mexico (2002)

The validity and reliability

of his studies

were tested over…

and over..


and over..


Powerful Library Research Studies

Here are a few

highlights from

several of “Lance-a-lot’s”

successful state

library quests.

ALASKA (1999):

Students in Alaska’s secondary schools with full-timeteacher-librarians were almost twice as likely as those without teacher-librarians to score average or above-average on California-Achievement Tests (CATS).

COLORADO (1993 & 2000):

Elementary school students with the most collaborative teacher-librarians scored 21% higher on Colorado Student Assessment Program (CSAP) reading than students with the least collaborative teacher librarians (2000).

MICHIGAN (2003):

At elementary schools with the highest Michigan Educational Assessment Program (MEAP) reading scores, teachers and students are 4 times as likely to be able to visit the library on a flexibly scheduled basis, compared to their counterparts at the lowest scoring schools.


The Program

The Place

Student Academic Achievement

The Professional

The “Lance-a lot”studies

conducted across the

country verified that students

perform better academically when

these three elements of the

library are working


Here’s what each

Library Round Table

holds …

American Library Association. (2003). Toolkit for School Library Media Programs, Chicago: American Library Association.

The Library “Round Tables” of Academic Achievement



School library programs

influence learning outcomes

and student achievement


  • Librarians collaborate with classroom teachers to integrate literature and information literacy skills into the curriculum
  • Librarians partner with classroom teachers on projects that help students use a variety of resources, conduct research and present their findings.
  • Librarians are supported fiscally and programmatically by the educational community to achieve the mission of the school.

Librarians are instructional partners and program administrators.



Librarians are

crucial to the

teaching and learning

process when:

  • They are partners in educating students, developing curricula and integratingresources.
  • They teach the skills students need to become effective users of ideas and information.
  • They seek, select, evaluate and utilize electronic resources and tools and instruct teacher and students in how to use them.

Librarians are teachers and information specialists.



  • Quality collections are provided, in print and online, that support the curriculum and address a variety of learning needs.

School libraries are

places of

opportunity when:

  • Students can work individually or in small groups on research and collaborative projects.
  • Students develop a love of reading and literature and can explore the world around them through print and electronic media.

A student-centered library is grounded on the principles of collaboration, technology & leadership.



The “Lance-a-lot”

library studies had these

findings in common:

  • Professionally-trained and credentialed school librarians are needed.
  • Collaboration between teachers and librarians is essential.
  • Support staff is necessary to free librarians from routine tasks.
  • Librarians are teachers of students and in-service trainers of teachers.
  • Librarians must embrace technology to be effective.

These noble truths help prepare and guide our librarians for the 21st century.


School Librarian’s Resolution

“Credentialed school library media professionals promote, inspire, and guide students toward a love of reading, a quest for knowledge, and a thirst for lifelong learning.”

Here is our School

Librarian’s Oath:

“In Support of Credentialed Library Media Professionals in School Library Media Centers.” A Summary of a Board Resolution of the International Reading Association, May 2000.

the lance a lot of school library studies12

10 States Can’t

Be Wrong!

The “Lance-a-lot” of School Library Studies


And still counting!

School Libraries

DO Work!


From Sea to Shining Sea: Linking Libraries to Student Achievement

  • American Association of School Librarians and Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Information Power: Building Partnerships for Learning, Chicago: American Library Association,1998.
  • Lance, Keith Curry. "How School Librarians Leave No Child behind: the Impact of School Library Media Programs on Academic Achievement of U.S. Public School Students." School Libraries in Canada 22.2 (2002): 3-6. Academic SearchPremier. EBSCO. North Hall Library, Mansfield, PA. 29 Apr. 2007


  • Library Research Service. School Libraryハ Impact Studies.2004. Colorado Department of Education.22 April 2004.
  • Loertscher, David V., Compiler. Keeping Up With the Research Linking Schoolハ Library Media Center Programs to Achievement: A Handout.ハ 21 June 2005 American Library Association. 4 Jan 2006
  • School Libraries Work! Scholastic. 2006. 28 Apr. 2007.