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Keynote Speaker. A Comprehensive Overview: the strengths and weaknesses of the current model and the range of options in Australia and internationally. Associate Professor Jo Barraket Australian Centre of Philanthropy & Non profit Studies Queensland University of Technology.

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Keynote Speaker

A Comprehensive Overview: the strengths and weaknesses of the current model and the range of options in Australia and internationally

Associate Professor Jo Barraket

Australian Centre of Philanthropy & Non profit Studies

Queensland University of Technology

community sector governance strengths weaknesses alternatives

Community Sector Governance:Strengths, Weaknesses, & Alternatives

Jo Barraket, The Australian Centre for Philanthropy and Nonprofit Studies

what we know about nonprofit governance
What we know about nonprofit governance
  • Board effectiveness → organisational effectiveness
  • No single ‘best model’ of governance
  • Operating environment significantly influences governance choices and evolution
  • Emphasis has been on organisational governance rather than NFP contributions to governance more widely
different perspectives on governance
Different perspectives on governance
  • Functional – focus on instrumental functions of board, management and other stakeholders
  • Interpretive – focus on board as ‘sense makers’ of organisation
  • Political – focus on relations of power within boards and between boards and other stakeholders
australian nonprofit board composition the available evidence
Australian Nonprofit Board Composition – the available evidence
  • Predominately volunteers
  • Predominately non-executive
  • Predominately women (dependent on form of incorporation)
  • Predominately 40-65 years old
  • Over-representation of professionals
  • Larger on average than for-profit boards
strengths opportunities of current approaches
Strengths & Opportunities of Current Approaches
  • Connectedness to citizenry (sometimes!)
  • Diversity and adaptation to context
  • Access to embedded network resources
  • Relatively strong knowledge of management and legal responsibilities (mostly self-reported)
  • Giving voice to collective human aspirations
weaknesses challenges of current approaches
Weaknesses & Challenges of Current Approaches
  • Relatively high board turnover
  • Impacts of market models of governing
  • Growth in compliance culture
  • Lack of incentives for participation (?)
  • Demographic and technological changes
  • Limited engagement with parts of the citizenry
alternative models of governance
Alternative Models of Governance

Source: Bradshaw et al, no date

conclusions
Conclusions
  • ‘Strengths’ & ‘weaknesses’ are relative and contingent on what we think community sector organisations are for
  • Operating context and organisational purpose matter
  • No ideal model, but core functions
  • Governance considerations need to include questions about:
    • Composition
    • Function
    • Role and purpose
resources for board self assessment
Resources for Board Self-Assessment

ACPNS Developing Your Board Wiki https://wiki.qut.edu.au/display/CPNS/DYB+Home

references
References
  • Bradshaw, P., Hayday, B., Armstrong, R., Levesque, J., Rykert, L. (no date) Nonprofit Governance Models: Problems and Prospects http://www.aota.org/Governance/ProceduralAdHoc/Handouts/Model.aspx accessed 17/11/10
  • Hough, A., McGregor Lowndes, M. & Ryan, C. (2006) ‘The Training Grounds of Democracy? Social Trends and Nonprofit Governance’ Working Paper No. CPNS31, Centre of Philanthropy and Nonprofit Studies, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane.
  • Nicholson, G., Newton, C. & McGregor Lowndes, M. (2008) Governance training needs in Community Organisations, Just Policy 49, December 2008: 5-12.
  • Steane, P. And Christie, M. (2001) ‘Nonprofit Boards in Australia: a distinctive governance approach’, Corporate Governance 9 (1): 48-58.
  • Woodward, S. And Marshall, P. (2004) A better framework: reforming not-for-profit regulations Centre for Corporate Law and Securities Regulation, University of Melbourne, Melbourne
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Morning Tea

Morning Tea will be served in the lounge area directly behind the auditorium

The next conference session will begin at 11:00am