Nucleic Acids: A crash course. Nucleic Acids. Made of the elements C, H, O, N, and P. DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid RNA Ribonucleic Acid Task 1: a. Create a simple way to remember the names of each. Write it down.
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Task 1: a. Create a simple way to remember the names of each. Write it down.
b. Compare and contrast the elements in nucleic acids with the other organic molecules.
Task 2: a. Examine the structure given above. Differentiate between the two nucleotides and explain what the variable factor is.
b. Pyrimidines are the bases with “y’s” in their name. Purines do not have any “y’s” in their name. Recall and list the nitrogen bases that will be a pyrimidine or purine.
a. Create a rhyme to remember the complimentary base pairing rules. (make it a maximum of 25 lines) **Incorporate structures of a nucleotide or anything previously mentioned about structure.
b. Research and analyze Chargaff’s rule and discuss how it would relate to the rule of complimentary base pairing. Google Search
Task 4: a. Interpret why Adenine can only bond with Thymine and Guanine can only bond with Cytosine. Describe what would happen if Cytosine tried to bond to Thymine.
b. Research and analyze the strength of a hydrogen bond compared to ionic bonds and covalent bonds. Discuss what part of a DNA molecule is weakest and most easily separated or “broken”.
Task 5: a. Develop a set of steps that would be needed to make a an enzyme. Consider an enzymes specific structure and consider the function of DNA.
b. Research information on things that can damage DNA and create a list of 8 possible items.