A Comparison of No Till Protocols for Agricultural Carbon Offset Projects in Canada Dennis Haak, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada October 29, 2008.
No Till Protocol Development • Pilot Emission Reductions, Removals, and Learnings (PERRL) Initiative, Environment Canada (EC), Saskatchewan Soil Conservation Association, 2003 – 2005 • Environment Canada Offset System Development, 2005 – 2006 ISO 14064 based draft by Soil Management Technical Working Group (SMTWG) 3. C-Green (CCX) 2006, Canadian Prairies 4. Alberta’s Specified Gas Emitters Regulation, 2007 5. Various initiatives currently in development stage (provincial and federal)
Important Note This comparison not part of a formal review process
Common Elements of Regional Coefficient Approach • Coefficient(s) based on model output, developed and validated with research data (eg. Century for soil carbon) • Tillage activity definitions • Monitoring and verification of activity • Minimize administration costs - treat large groups of farmers the same - cheaper to monitor/verify activity than direct GHG impacts
No Till Reduced Till
Relative Rating of Protocol ElementsNote: Ratings reflect author’s opinion, not a formal review process
The Future • Proposed Environment Canada Offset System - will not lead but rather review / approve protocol development - Alberta protocol placed on fast track list for early consideration • Other provinces considering Alberta protocol for their own system • Standardized approach would reduce uncertainty • In Canada no till adoption is high - hard to have both additionality and project feasibility - need to focus more on policy to support maintenance of practice (eg. EG&S that includes other environmental benefits)
Thank you Questions and Discussion