Monday November 8th , 2010 • HAPPY MONDAY • Chapter 13:Mass Society and Democracy • Section 1: The Growth of Industrial Prosperity • Please begin working on the “reading check” on pages 400 and 401 in your textbook.
Why did Europe dominate the world economy by the beginning of the 20th c? Because of its capital, industries, and military might.
How would you summarize Marx’s theory as expressed in The Communist Manifesto? All of world history was a “history of class struggle” the oppressor versus the oppressed.
192. Which great abolitionist published The North Star? A. William Lloyd Garrison B. Fredrick Douglas C. Harriet Tubman D. John Brown
193. Who was the most famous conductor of the Underground RR? A. Catherine Beecher B. Harriet Tubman C. Jeff Davis D. Robert E. Lee
194. What was the name of Hitler’s secret police? A. Red Guard B. Red Shirts C. MI6 D. Gestapo
195. Which Supreme Court Justice strengthened the Court the most? A. Hugo Black B. John Jay C. John Marshall D. Thurgood Marshall
196. Who was the 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court? A. John Marshall B. Thomas Paine C. John Jay D. Jay Leno
Wednesday, November 10th 2010 • Please complete the Science, Technology and Society on page: 398. • Chapter 13: Mass Society and Democracy • Section 1: The Growth of the Industrial Prosperity.
197. Which amendments are nicknamed the “African-American” amendments? A. 1st 10 B. 7, 8, & 9 C. 13, 14, & 15 D. 21, 22, & 23
198. Which decade should be associated with Flappers, Jazz, & drinking? A. Era of Good Feelings B. Rowdy 40s C. Roaring 20s D. 1960s
199. Which war included the Rough Riders? A. American Revolution B. War of 1812 C. Cold War D. Spanish American War
200. What happened on D-Day? A. England ended the Revolutionary War B. WWI ended C. allies invaded France in WWII D. America evacuated Vietnam
201. What did Wm Gorgas discover caused malaria? A. mosquitoes B. rotten meat C. air pollution D. cold weather
Objective • Chapter 13: Mass Society and Democracy • Students will understand the sources of energy and consumer products transformed the standard of living for all social classes in many European countries. • Course of Study: 9 • Lecture: The Growth of Industrial Prosperity • Activity: Comparing Past and Present
The Word of the Day • Remorseful: filled with sorrow or guilt
Who established & controlled the Standard Oil Company & 90% of the oil refining business in the US A. Andrew Carnegie B. John D. Rockefeller C. George Pullman D. J.P. Morgan
Which of the following was NOT a muckraker? A. Ida Tarbell B. Upton Sinclair C. Brett Harte D. Jacob Riis
Who was the educational reformer who urged free public schools, better pay for teachers, & a longer school year? A. John Dewey B. Horace Mann C. W.E.B. DuBois D. William Howard Taft
Urbanization means the growth of A. industries B. governments C. cities D. immigration
A market in which one company has complete control over an industry’s production, quality, wages paid, & prices charged is called a/an A. monopoly B. merger C. trust D. holding company
Vocabulary • Strikes • Dictatorship • Revisionists • Internal-combustion • Proletariat
Questions to Answer • 1. What elements made possible the Second Industrial Revolution? • 2. According to Marx, the means of production were owned by who? • 3. What was the Second International? • 4. What was one form of Marxist socialism called? • 5. What was the responsibility of the under-industrial nations of southern and eastern Europe?
The Second Industrial Revolution • Westerners in the late 1800’s worshiped progress. • The main reason for their belief in progress was the material growth created by what is called the Second Industrial Revolution. • The first Industrial Revolution changed the production of textiles, iron, and coal. • In the Second Industrial Revolution it changed the production of steel, chemicals, and petroleum.
The first major change in industry between 1870 and 1914 was the substitution of steel for iron. • New methods for shaping steel made it useful in the building of lighter, smaller, and faster machines and engines. • Electricity was a major new form of energy. • It could be easily converted into other forms of energy , such as heat, light, and motion. • In the 1870’s the first practical generators of elelctrical current were developed.
The use of electricity led to a series of inventions. • The light bulb was created by Thomas Edison in the United States and Joseph Swan in Great Britain. • Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876, and Marconi sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic in 1901. • Electricity also transformed factories. • Conveyor belts, cranes, and machines could all be powered by electricity.
The development of the internal combustion engine revolutionized transportation. • Internal combustion is a engine type fired by oil or gasoline. • Industrial production grew as sales of manufactured goods increased. • Europeans could afford to buy more goods for several reasons. Wages for workers increased after 1870’s. • Prices for manufactured good were lower because of lower transportation cost.
Not all nations benefited from the Second Industrial Revolution. • By 1900, Europe was divided into two economic zones. • Great Britain, Belgium, France, and Netherlands, Germany, the western part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Northern Italy made up an advanced industrialized zone. • These nations had a high standard of living and decent transportation system.
Another part of Europe was still primarily agricultural. • This was the areas to the south and east. • It was made up of southern Italy, most of Austria-Hungary, Spain, Portugal, the Balkan kingdoms, and Russia. • These countries provided food and raw material for the industrial countries.
The Second Industrial Revolution and the growth of transportation by steamships and railroads, led to a true world economy. • By 1900, Europeans were receiving beef and wool from Argentina and Australia, coffee from Brazil, iron ore from Algeria, and sugar from Java. • With its capital, industries, and military might, Europe dominated the world economy by the beginning of the twentieth century.
Organizing the Working Class • The desire to improve their working and living conditions led many industrial workers to form Socialist political parties and trade unions. • These organizations emerged after 1870, but the theory on which they were based had been developed earlier by Karl Marx. • In 1848, Marx and Friedrich Engels published The Communist Manifesto, which they had written.
They were shocked by the horrible conditions in factories. • They blamed the system of industrial capitalism for these conditions. • They proposed a new social system. One form of Marxist socialism was eventually called communism. Marx believed that all of world history was a “history of class struggles.” • One group of people, the oppressors, owned the means of production (land, raw materials, money, and so forth). This gave them the power to control government and society.
The other group, the oppressed, depended on the owners of the means of production. • Marx believed that industrialized societies were splitting up into two great classes: • The bourgeoisie (the middle class) were the oppressors. The proletariat (the working class) were the oppressed. • Marx predicted that the struggle between the two groups would finally lead to an open revolution where the proletariat would violently overthrow the bourgeoisie.
After their victory, the proletariat would form a dictatorship (government in which a person or group has absolute power) to organize the means of production. • Marx believed that the final revolution would ultimately produce a classless society. • In time, working-class leaders formed socialist parties based on Marx’s ideas. • Most important was the German Social Democratic Party (SPD). • Once in parliament, SPD delegates worked to pass laws that would improve conditions.
Socialist parties also emerged in other European countries. • In 1889, leaders of the various socialist parties joined together and formed the Second International. • Marxist parties were divided over their goals. • Pure Marxist, wanted to overthrow capitalism by a violent revolution. • Other Marxist, called revisionists, they rejected violent revolutions.
Revisionists, believed that workers must continue to organize in mass political parties and even work with other parties to gain reforms. • Trade unions were another socialist force working for change. • In Great Britain, unions won the right to strike in the 1870’s. • A strike is a work stoppage called by members of a union to pressure an employer into meeting their demands.
Workers in factories organized into trade unions so they could use strikes to achieve reforms. • By 1914, trade unions in Europe had made considerable progress in bettering the living and working conditions of the working class.
Assignment • Please begin working on Section 1 Assessment for Chapter 13
Monday, November 15th 2010 • Please begin working on the reading check on page 408 and 409. • Chapter 13 Section 2: The Emergence of Mass Society • Course of Study: 11
What was the basic aim of the suffragists? The right of women to full citizenship in the nation-state
Why did states make a commitment to provide public education? Partly to provide trained, skilled labor, but primarily because the extension of voting rights created a need for better-educated voters.
Objection • Chapter 13 Section 2: The Emergence of Mass Society • Course of Study: 9 • Group Work: Vocabulary and Questions to Answer • Video: Inventions of Our Time
The Word of the Day • Sentimental: very emotional
202. Which best describes “yellow journalism”? A. accurate B. exaggerated C. biographical D. statistical
203.Which Alabama city is named for a British iron town? A. Mobile B. Bessemer C. Fish Eye D. Birmingham
204. What was the “shot heard ‘round the world”? A. French Revolution B. American Revolution C. bombing of Pearl Harbor D. bombing of Hiroshima
205. The Monroe Doctrine concerns which? A. income taxes B. tariffs C. interstate trade D. foreign affairs
206. Locke, Rousseau, & Hobbes are associated with… A. the Dark Ages B. the Renaissance C. the Enlightenment D. the Sp. Civil War
Vocabulary • Unskilled labor • Literacy • The family • Feminism • White-collar workers
Questions to Answer….. • Compulsory elementary education eventually created anew demand for what? • What did public education help make people? • How did urban population grow? • The new wealthy elite in Europe consisted of aristocrats and what else? • The European middle classes tended to believe in the ideals of what?