abstruse adj n.
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Abstruse ( adj ). Extremely difficult to understand Syn : esoteric, arcane, recondite, occult Ant: simple, straightforward ** confusing. Affront (n). An open or intentional insult; a slight; (v) to insult to one’s face; to face in defiance, confront Syn : (n) offense ; (v) offend

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abstruse adj
Abstruse (adj)

Extremely difficult to understand

Syn: esoteric, arcane, recondite, occult

Ant: simple, straightforward


affront n
Affront (n)

An open or intentional insult; a slight; (v) to insult to one’s face; to face in defiance, confront

Syn: (n) offense; (v) offend

Ant: (n., v.) compliment, praise


canard n
Canard (n)

A false rumor, fabricated story

Syn: hoax

**can hardly be true

captious adj
Captious (adj)

Excessively ready to find fault; given to petty criticism; intended to trap, confuse, or show up

Syn: faultfinding, nit-picking, carping

Ant: uncritical


cognizant adj
Cognizant (adj)

Aware, knowledgeable, informed; having jurisdiction

Syn: conscious, acquainted

Ant: unaware, unconscious, oblivious


contrite adj
Contrite (adj)

Regretful for some misdeed or sin; plagued by a sense of guilt; thoroughly penitent

Syn: remorseful, rueful

Ant: unrepentant, unapologetic, impenitent

**it’s right to be contrite

cynosure n
Cynosure (n)

The center of attraction, attention, or interest; something that serves to guide or direct

Syn: focus

**sign that’s sure to attract attention

decorous adj
Decorous (adj)

Well behaved, dignified, socially proper

Syn: seemly, becoming, tastful

Ant: unseemly, unbecoming, improper, tasteless


deign v
Deign (v)

To think it appropriate or suitable to one’s dignity to do something; to condescend

Syn: deem, stoop

**a king who reigns may not deign to talk to commoners

desiccated adj part
Desiccated (adj., part.)

Thoroughly dried out; divested of spirit or vitality; arid and uninteresting

Syn: dehydrated, shriveled, parched

Ant: sodden, soggy, waterlogged, drenched


efficacy n
Efficacy (n)

The power to produce a desired result

Syn: effectiveness, potency, reliability

Ant: ineffectiveness, impotence


engender v
Engender (v)

To bring into existence, give rise to, produce; to come into existence, assume form

Syn: beget, generate, cause, form

Ant: stop, deter

**generate interest

ethereal adj
Ethereal (adj)

Light, airy, delicate; highly refined; suggesting what is heavenly (rather than earthbound)

Syn: heavenly, celestial, gossamer

Ant: infernal, hellish, thick, heavy


fa ade n
Façade (n)

The front or face of a building; a surface appearance (as opposed to what may lie behind)

Syn: exterior, surface, mask, pretense

Ant: interior

**face of

ghoulish adj
Ghoulish (adj)

Revolting in an unnatural or morbid way; suggestive of someone who robs graves or otherwise preys on the dead

Syn: fiendish, barbarous, monstrous


incongruous adj
Incongruous (adj)

Not in keeping, unsuitable, incompatible

Syn: discordant, jarring

Ant: compatible, harmonious, consistent

**incongruent, not the same

machination n
Machination (n)

A crafty, scheming, or underhanded action designed to accomplish some (usually evil) end

Syn: plot, scheme, maneuver

**machines against a nation

mesmerize v
Mesmerize (v)

To hypnotize, entrance; to fascinate, enthrall, bewitch


opprobrium n
Opprobrium (n)

Disgrace arising from shameful conduct; contempt, reproach

Syn: infamy, dishonor, odium, shame

Ant: acclaim, honor, glory, renown

**in-appropriate behavior leads to opprobrium

putative adj
Putative (adj)

Generally regarded as such; reputed; hypothesized, inferred

Syn: supposed, presumed

Ant: known, corroborated, confirmed