Bananas in Guatemala1870-1930 Ashley, Aubry, Natalie, Julia W.
Guatemala • More than 50% of economy was dependent on growth and exportation of bananas. • Owned by United Fruit Company (1900) • American run company • Relationship: neo-colonialist (but run by Fruit Company)
Production and Workforce • Natives – poor and needed jobs • Panama disease • Fruit company 42% of land • No labor movements or unions were allowed
Where Did the Bananas Go? • Mainly exported to developed countries like US and Europe (considered delicacy in 1800s) • In the U.S from 1870-1900, the number of bunches of bananas imported grew from 0 – 16 billion bunches. • UFCO made transportation and communication easy with fancy boats and trading with other countries.
Peak Years • Peaked in 1870-1910 • Panama disease wiped out bananas in Central America starting in 1920’s, Great Depression 1930’s also worsened the problem. • Made a comeback • Dole continues today in Guatemala, still very successful!
Effects on Local Economy/Price Changes • Individual landowners became richer but the villages suffered because of the plantations • Country wanted to modernize, wanted the fruit company to help it. • More railroads, buildings, communications etc • Manuel Estrada Cabrera – leader of country who instigated changes with UFCO
Main Ideas • “Banana Republic” came to be the name of these neo-colonialist countries similar to Guatemala –completely dependent on one resource (in case of Guatemala, bananas) • Bananas are a huge part of the economy, and Companies that monopolize the area like UFCO can also help nations’ infrastructure like communications, transportations, etc. • Obstacles like Panama disease and Great Depression are dangerous to economies so dependent on one export item.
Sources • http://www.vivatravelguides.com/central-america/guatemala/guatemala-overview/banana-republic-the-united-fruit-company-and-guatemala/ • http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=dole&rlz=1R2ADSA_enUS382&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.&wrapid=tlif130438917687710&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&biw=1379&bih=841 • http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1096/671853634_1afa248766.jpg&imgrefur&iact=rc&dur=546&page=1&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:16,s:0&tx=132&ty=141 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_republic • http://www.countriesquest.com/central_america/guatemala/history/revolution_of_1871.htm