What is Diabetes? What are the main types of Diabetes? Get all the information here.\n
Submitted By : University of Chicago Medicine Kovler Diabetes Center
Diabetes is one of the most common serious complex health conditions that affect over 387 millions of people around the world. It is a disorder in the endocrine system that is characterized by the impaired ability of the body to respond to or produce insulin which leads to a constant increase of sugar or glucose levels in the urine and bloodstream.
The type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that needs insulin to treat. It is a health condition wherein the beta cells are being attacked and destroyed by the body itself. When the beta cells or pancreatic cells are destroyed, the pancreas cannot be able to function properly and it cannot also produce enough insulin.
The type 2 diabetes, also popularly referred to as non-insulin dependent diabetes, is the most common type of diabetes. In fact, the diabetes specialist center has revealed that 90 to 95 percent of diabetes sufferers in America are affected by type 2 diabetes. This type is characterized by insulin resistance or the body's inability to effectively use its own insulin.
People who are more than 45 years old are likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes. Your risk for type 2 diabetes also increases if you are overweight or obese if you have previously suffered from gestational diabetes, and if you have a sedentary lifestyle or you are physically inactive. A family history of diabetes and ethnic background are also risk factors for this type of diabetes.
Only around 1 to 3 percent of diabetes sufferers in America are diagnosed with monogenic diabetes. It affects individuals at any age. Monogenic diabetes is a less common condition that results from an error or mutation in one of the over 20 different genes.
As its name suggests, gestational diabetes affects pregnant women. It typically shows during the final term of pregnancy and usually goes away right after delivery. The diabetes center of excellence revealed that around 3 to 8 percent of pregnant American women suffer from this type of diabetes.
The symptoms can vary according to the type of diabetes.
For type 1 diabetes, the most common symptoms are frequent urination, weight loss, tiredness, abnormal hunger, weakness, vomiting, mood swings, thirst, nausea, and high levels of sugar in the blood and urine.
People who are suffering from type 2 diabetes may experience skin infections, irritability, tiredness, blurry vision, thirst, frequent urination, nausea, and dry or tingling skin.
If you ever affected by Diabetes and need best Care then Conatct Kovler Diabetes Center.Kovler is a comprehensive center for innovative diabetes research and unparalleled patient care.Kovler Diabetes Center is to provide holistic treatment, care and education that empowers our patients to effectively manage their diabetes for a lifetime.
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