Parts of Speech • A words part of speech explains what the function of the word is (what is it describing?) • Noun: person, place, thing, or idea • Can be something you can physically see or interact with (Bob, friend, rug, tree, water, wire, Las Vegas, upstairs) • Can be a quality that something has (height, brightness, humidity) • Can be a concept (love, concentration, sadness)
Parts of Speech • Adjective: describes a noun • The tree is large. • He is the main character of the story. • Most fire trucks are red. This makes sense since red is a bright color.
Parts of Speech • Verb: an action or state of being • We jumped into the water. • The cat sat on the sofa. • He enjoys basketball. • Mr. Belmont is sad.
Parts of Speech • Adverb: describes how a verb is done (many end in ‘-ly’) • We quickly jumped into the water. • The cat immediately sat on the sofa. • He always enjoys basketball. • Mr. Belmont is sometimes sad.
Review • Noun • Person, place, thing, or idea • Adjective • Describes a noun • Verb • Action or state of being • Adverb • Describes how a verb is done
Romeo & Juliet Scene 1 • Why does Shakespeare begin the play with a feud between the servants? • To show the hatred between the families ABRAHAM: Do you bite your thumb at us, sir?
Who is Benvolio? What does his dialogue and actions reveal about his character? • BENVOLIO: Part, fools! Put up your swords; you know not what you do. • Benvolio is peaceful, and he does not want to fight. • Benvolio is Romeo’s cousin
Who started the fight? • Sampson bites his thumb at Abraham and Balthasar, which starts the whole fight • Benvolio attempts to stop the fight, but Tybalt arrives TYBALT: What, drawn, and talk of peace! I hate the word, As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee: Have at thee, coward!
What threat does Prince Escalus make against the “enemies of the peace”? PRINCE: If ever you disturb our streets again, your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace. • The prince threats their lives
What is Romeo’s mood in the first scene and what has caused it? Why, such is love's transgression. Griefs of mine own lie heavy in my breast, Which thou wilt propagate, to have it prest With more of thine: this love that thou hast shown Doth add more grief to too much of mine own. Love is a smoke raised with the fume of sighs; Being purged, a fire sparkling in lovers' eyes; Being vex'd a sea nourish'd with lovers' tears: What is it else? a madness most discreet, A choking gall and a preserving sweet. Farewell, my coz.
What is Romeo’s mood in the first scene and what has caused it? • Romeo is heartbroken, but who has broken his heart? • He has not yet met Juliet, it is someone else – Rosaline • How does Benvolio think Romeo can alter these moods? • BENVOLIO: Be ruled by me, forget to think of her . . . By giving liberty unto thine eyes; Examine other beauties. • What is Romeo’s reaction to Benvolio’s suggestions? • ROMEO: Farewell: thou canst not teach me to forget.