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Mood Disorders. www.psychlotron.org.uk. Clinical characteristics Biological perspective Genetic Neurochemical Psychological perspective Cognitive. Depression. www.psychlotron.org.uk. Psychological symptoms: Persistent low mood Diminished pleasure in normal activities

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Mood Disorders


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mood disorders
Mood Disorders

www.psychlotron.org.uk

  • Clinical characteristics
  • Biological perspective
    • Genetic
    • Neurochemical
  • Psychological perspective
    • Cognitive
depression
Depression

www.psychlotron.org.uk

  • Psychological symptoms:
    • Persistent low mood
    • Diminished pleasure in normal activities
    • Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
    • Suicidal ideation
  • Physical symptoms:
    • Fatigue/loss of energy
    • Changes in weight/appetite
    • Insomnia or hypersomnia
mania
Mania

www.psychlotron.org.uk

  • Psychological symptoms
    • Inflated self-esteem/grandiosity
    • Flight or ideas/racing thoughts
    • Extreme distractibility
    • Increased goal-directed behaviour
    • High risk hedonistic behaviour
  • Physical symptoms
    • Psychomotor agitation
    • Decreased need for sleep
mood disorder types
Mood Disorder Types

www.psychlotron.org.uk

  • Unipolar (depression)
    • Major depressive disorder
      • (Endogenous or reactive)
    • Disthymic disorder
    • Psychotic depression
  • Bipolar (alternating depression and mania)
    • Major bipolar disorder
    • Cyclothymia
prevalence
Prevalence

www.psychlotron.org.uk

  • Unipolar
    • Lifetime prevalence of 5-9% in population
    • About 2x more likely in women
    • Increased rates in adolescence, old age
  • Bipolar
    • Lifetime prevalence of about 1% in population (possible underestimate)
    • MBD more slightly common in men, cyclothymia slightly more common in women

NIMH data for US population