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Education in New EU Member States. providing clarity. releasing potential. The Bologna Process. Pan-European reform of higher education Main aim : to establish a European Higher Education Area by 2010 The 1999 Bologna Declaration established six aims:

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Education in New EU Member States

providing clarity. releasing potential

The bologna process
The Bologna Process

  • Pan-European reform of higher education

    Main aim: to establish a European Higher Education Area by 2010

    The 1999 Bologna Declaration established six aims:

  • Adopt a system of easily readable and comparable degrees

  • Adopt a system with two main cycles (Undergraduate / graduate)

  • Establish a system of credits (such as ECTS)

  • Promote mobility of students

  • Promote European co-operation in quality assurance

  • Promote European dimensions in higher education

  • Participating countries (2007)

    Albania Georgia Norway Andorra Germany Poland Armenia Greece Portugal Austria Holy SeeRomania Azerbaijan Hungary Russian Federation Belgium Iceland Serbia Bosnia-Herzegovina Ireland Slovak Republic Bulgaria Italy Slovenia Croatia Latvia Spain Cyprus Liechtenstein Sweden Czech Republic Lithuania Switzerland Denmark Luxembourg Turkey Estonia Malta Ukraine Finland Moldova United Kingdom The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Montenegro France Netherlands

    Rejected countries/entities: Kyrgyz Republic, North Cyprus, Israel, Kosovo


  • Bulgaria (2007)

  • Romania (2007)

  • Poland (2004)

  • Estonia (2004)

  • Latvia (2004)

  • Lithuania (2004)

  • Hungary (2004)

  • Slovakia (2004)

  • Slovenia (2004)

  • Czech Republic (2004)

  • Cyprus (2004)

  • Malta (2004)

  • Croatia (candidate)


  • 1989 End of one party communist rule

  • Lev pegged to the Euro

  • Economic development

  • Slow modernisation of education

Secondary education
Secondary Education

  • Compulsory Education

  • General Secondary Education

  • Specialised Secondary Education

  • Technical and Vocational Education

Tertiary education
Tertiary Education

  • Specialist in..

    • Vocationally / professionally oriented

    • Two / three year course

  • Bachelor degree (Bakalavr)

    • Academic and professionally oriented courses

    • Minimum four years duration

  • Master’s degree (Magistr)

    • Five year course or one year post Bachelor

    • Specialist professional / academic award

  • Doctor

Changes in bulgarian he system
Changes in Bulgarian HE system

  • According to the last amendments to the Higher Education Act (May 22, 2007) holders of “Specialist in ...” qualification enjoy the rights of the Professional Bachelor (3-year program with 180 ECTS credits) in Bulgaria.


  • 1989: Execution of Ceauşescu and overthrow of communist government

  • Economy improving, transformed into one of macroeconomic stability

  • 1990’s development of new education laws and reforms

  • 2004-2005: Bologna reforms adopted (with effect from 2005)

  • 2007: Enters the EU

Secondary post secondary education
Secondary & Post-Secondary Education

  • Compulsory Education (Gymnasium)

    - Certificat de Capacitate

  • Arts and Trades Schools (Arte şi Meserii)

  • Secondary School

    - Diploma de Bacalaureat - High School Education (Liceu)

    - Diploma de Absolvire in a Scolii Profesionale - Professional Schools

  • Post-Secondary

    - Diploma / Certificat de Absolvire a Scolii Postliceale

    (Diploma / Certificate of Graduation from Post-Secondary Schools)

Transcript format)

Baccalaureate diploma new format
Baccalaureate Diploma format)(new format)

Certificate of vocational qualification new format
Certificate of Vocational Qualification Baccalaureate Examination(new format)

Technical and vocational levels
Technical and Vocational Levels Baccalaureate Examination

Tertiary education1
Tertiary Education Baccalaureate Examination

  • Undergraduate

    • Diploma de Absolvire

    • Diploma de Licenta

    • Diploma de Conversie Profesionala *

  • Postgraduate

    • Diploma de Master

    • Diploma de Studii Aprofundate

    • Diploma de Doctor

Example of diploma de licenta
Example of Diploma de Licenta Baccalaureate Examination

Example of diploma de master
Example of Diploma de Master Baccalaureate Examination

Example of graduation certificate of the university teaching module
Example of Graduation Certificate of the Baccalaureate ExaminationUniversity Teaching Module

Diploma de conversie profesionala
Diploma de Conversie Profesionala Baccalaureate Examination

Thank you Baccalaureate Examination