Ethnic groups of Asia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ethnic groups of Asia

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  1. Ethnic groups of Asia SSWG5d. Describe the various ethnic and religious groups in the region and the effect of geography on their development and their major customs and traditions.

  2. Han • Where: China • Religion: Primary religions—Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism (religion is banned though) • Culture: • Largest single ethnic group in the world • Many historical contributions • Chinese holidays—importance of dragon • Large rectangular houses for extended family • Rice staple food • Last name first, first name second • Three classes in society—mandarins, peasants, “mean people” • Languages: Han, Mandarin, Cantonese

  3. Han Lantern Festival Chinese language

  4. Han Traditional Han Clothing Chinese house

  5. Mongols • Where: Mongolia • Religion: Buddhism • Culture: • Primarily nomadic • Superstitious • Haircutting ceremony for children • Great oral tradition • Eat a lot of meat & dairy • Very ornate clothing • Ger is traditional home • “Horseback people” & festivals

  6. Mongols Ger Traditional clothing

  7. Mongols Haircutting Ceremony Horse races

  8. Ainu • Where: Japan • Religion: traditional tribal religion • Culture: • Language: Ainu • Were racially discriminated against for many years • Fierce fighters • Men have full beards & mustaches • Women often tattooed • Traditional dress is long robes • Primarily eat meat and fish • Reed thatched huts

  9. Ainu (Japanese) Traditional House Ainu clothing & tattoos

  10. Korean • Where: North & South Korea • Religion: Religion banned in NK, primarily Christian in SK with some Confucianism & Buddhism • Culture • Family oriented/ancestor honor • Family homes • Some marriages still arranged • Fish & meat eaten, with barley replacing rice in some places • Folk dancing • Gardens are important • Tea ceremonies

  11. Korean Traditional House Bridal robes

  12. Hmong • Where: Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Burma • Religion: Animism & ancestor worship • Culture • Least likely to assimilate in America • They have their own language and religion • Organized into clans • Marriage kidnappings • 7 souls • Most foods are boiled, steamed or stirfried • Strict housing rules

  13. Hmong Hmong girls Inside a Hmong house

  14. Indo-Aryan (Indian) • Where: India & Pakistan • Religion: Hindu & Islam • Culture: • Arranged marriages • Lots of festivals & ceremonies • Traditional sari • Known for spicy food • Indian dance very important • Bollywood

  15. Indo-Aryan Saris Scenes from Bollywood

  16. Indo-Aryan Indian Food Holi Festival

  17. Bengali • Where: Bangladesh & India • Religion: Islam & Hinduism • Culture: • Language is Bengali, but also speak English & Urdu • Entire community celebrates festivals regardless of religion • Arranged marriages • Similar to Indian food • Saris & Kurtas

  18. Bengali Cuisine Kurta

  19. Maylay • Where: Malaysia, parts of Indonesia • Religion: Muslim and animism • Culture: • Lots of Indian influence • Language influences most of SE Asia • Combat arts • Kite flying • Housing accommodates the climate

  20. Malay Traditional House Malay Kids