Lecture: 4. Weak Syllables and Strong Syllables. Syllable. A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds. For example, the word water is composed of two syllables: wa and ter . . Syllables. Weak syllables. Strong syllables.
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four types of center:
i) the vowel (" shwa")
ii) a close front unrounded vowel in the general area of i: and I
iii) a close back rounded vowel in the general area of u: and ʊ
iv) a syllabic consonant
i) i:zi: bIzi:
ii) i:zI bIzI
i) In word-final position in words spelt with final “ y” or “ ey” ( after one or more consonant letters) e.g. “ happy / hæpi / valley /væli /
and in morpheme final position when such words have suffixes beginning with vowels,e.g. “ happier / hæpiə / easiest /i:ziəst / “ hurrying” / hʌriIŋ /
ii) In prefix such as those spelt “ re” , “ pre” , “ de” if is precedes a vowel and is unstressed,for example in react / riækt / preocupied /priɒkjəpaId/
deactivate /diæktIveIt /
iii) In suffixes spelt “ iate”, “ious” when they have two syllables, for example in “ appreciate”, “hilarious”
iv) In the following words when unstressed: “ he”, “ she” , “ we” “ me” , “ be” and the word “ the” when it precedes a vowel.
A syllabic consonant is a consonant which forms a syllable of its own (a syllable that contains only a consonant and no vowel is found).
1- with alveolar consonant preceding:
cattle / kætl / bottle / bɒtl / muddle /mʌdl/
2- With non-alveolar consonant preceding:
Couple /k ʌ pl/ trouble/ trʌbl /
Knuckle /n ʌ kl/
Mudlle-muddling / mʌdlIŋ/
Both can occur as syllabic, but only as a result of processes such as assimilation and elision.
It is very rare to have combinations of SC.