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Aapni Yojna

Aapni Yojna

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Aapni Yojna

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  1. Aapni Yojna Integrated Water Supply, Sanitation and Health Education Programme in Churu, Hanumangarh and Jhunjhunu Districts Rajasthan, India USER REPRESENTATION IN RURAL WATER SUPPLY IN RAJASTHAN

  2. Aapni Yojna Why Aapni Yojna? • Water scarcity and frequent droughts • Poor services by existing WS schemes • Poor quality of ground water Non-Potable Water Potable Water High Fl content High TDS content High Nitrate content TDS 25863 ppm Chloride 9800 ppm Nitrate 350 ppm Fluorides 4.2 ppm

  3. Aapni Yojna Mission Improve the health status and living conditions of the target population by providing safe and potable water round the clock with assured good pressure Objectives • Reduction of wastage of water • Cost recovery • Awareness building for reasonable water consumption • Construction of low cost sanitation • Women’s development and health education activities • Rehabilitation of traditional sources

  4. Aapni Yojna Project Background Present Phase 1: • Area: 7500Km 2 • Households: 57,820 • Population(91): 423,379 • Villages: 370 • Towns 2 • Cost INR 4260 mil. • Source : IGNP [surface water]

  5. Aapni Yojna Project interventions • Community Participation Unit (CPU) facilitates community participation and users group representation: • Formation of Water & Health Committees (WHC) responsible for • Village level water management • Equitable water distribution • Reduction of wastage of water • Contractual agreement with Project Management Cell (PMC) • Village level Operation & Maintenance

  6. Aapni Yojna • Community participation (especially women) in site selection for Public Stand Posts (PSP) and Cattle Water Troughs • Participation in decision making and implementation of sanitation measures through sanitation representative of WHC • Health education with community groups (Self Help, Adolescent Girls, PSP User Groups, school sanitation committees) • Women’s empowerment by promoting income generation activities among Self Help Groups

  7. Aapni Yojna Achievements • Water Supply functional - 339 vil • WHCs formed - 361 vil • WHC-PMC agreement - 360 vil • Voluntary labour- 336 vil • Sanitation units - 18055 • Self Help Groups - 220

  8. Aapni Yojna Achievements (cont.) • Man-days sanitation unit construction: 3,61,100 • Total Saving in SHGs: INR 33,49,546 • Trench digging by villagers: INR 12,300,000 (1228 km) • Security money deposited: INR 25,23,960 • Water fees deposited: INR 4,32,84,121 • Corpus fund with WHCs: INR 36,00,000

  9. Aapni Yojna Achievements (cont.) • Major technical components completed or near completion: • 2 new & 2 rehabilitated Water Treatment Plants (8,600 m3/hr) • 13 Pumping Stations • 3 Raw water reservoirs (3 mil m3) • 7 Clear water reservoirs (4,350m3) • Trunk mains (188 km, 600-1100mm) • Dist. mains (1635 km, 90-315mm) • 43 Elevated Service Reservoirs • Voice Communication System • Dedicated 33 kV electrical grid

  10. Aapni Yojna Critical Success Factors • Comprehensive social mobilization with participatory approach • Capacity building of WHCs and good rapport of project staff with community • Efficient and effective role of catalyst • Team of dedicated field staff stationed all over project area • Legally binding agreement between WHCand Project Management Cell • Clearly defined roles and responsi-bilities strengthen commitment of community

  11. Aapni Yojna • Critical Success Factors.. cont • Payment for water to cover O&M cost • Good quality of construction • Village water fund • Fostering trust and partnership between PMC and villagers • Empowered village level institutions accepting responsibilities of bill payment and O&M • Acceptance of community participation by the stakeholders • Women involved in every step of project implementation

  12. Aapni Yojna

  13. Aapni Yojna Lessons for sustainability & replicability • Coordination and integration between social & technical wings is crucial and requires dedicated cooperation among stakeholders • Negotiations and agreement on institutional arrangements for O&M and project governance need to be concluded in the 1st half of the project period • Especially in drought prone areas projects should support drought-proof Income Generation Activities to ensure financial sustainability

  14. Aapni Yojna Lessons for sustainability & replicability • Continuous learning process for capacity building • Sufficient time for follow-up activities to facilitate sustainability • Communities can monitor construction work of contractors at village level • Contractual agreement between service providers and community about the level of responsibility and service strengthens community commitment to the project

  15. Proposed Institutional Modelfor Aapni Yojna GoR (IAS) CAO CE ZP PP NGO PP♀ PP Regulatory Agency (GoR) Aapni Yojna People’s Water Utility Governance Body Chief Executive Officer Chief Executive Officer Management Organization Technical Wing Technical Wing Consumer Wing Consumer Wing Financial Wing Financial Wing Private Private Sector Sector O&M Organizations Operator Operator

  16. Mechanism for Community Representation in Proposed Institutional Model GoR (IAS) CAO CE ZP PP NGO PP♀ PP Project Governance / Policy Making Pani Panchayat Federation-1 WHCs and PPs representation Cluster coordination Stock of tools and spares Development initiatives Pani Panchayats-40+ Water and Health Committees-370 Village Level O&M of Water Supply Health & Sanitation Initiatives

  17. Aapni Yojna Thank you!