Trick to Remember countries in WWI. FURBBS BAG of “O”’s FURBBS = Allies BAG of “O”s = Central Powers. The Alliances. Allied Powers . Central Powers. France United States Russia Belgium British Empire Serbia. Bulgaria Austro-Hungarian Empire German Empire Ottoman Empire.
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FURBBS BAG of “O”’s
FURBBS = Allies
BAG of “O”s = Central
The immediate cause was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
He was the heir to the throne of Austria- Hungary
He was assassinated in June 1914 by a Serbian nationalist while on an official visit to Bosnia.
There were 4 underlying causes: Think MAIN
Alliances:Agreements or promises to defend and help another country
Imperialism:trying to build up an empire by physically and economically controlling other countries
Nationalism:Having pride in your country and being willing to defend it
Two minor allies were Italy and Japan.
Actual fighting began in August when Germany invaded Belgium
WWI was the introduction of Trench Warfare
"unterseeboot", or undersea boat in English
“He kept us out of war!”
THERE WERE 4 REASONS
US inability to remain neutral
United States economic and political ties to Great Britain
German submarine warfare: In 1915 they sank the Lusitania (1000 people died, 128 were Americans)
The Zimmerman Telegram
April 6, 1917- President Wilson and the Congress declare war!
More than 2 million
Americans entered the
military to fight in
November 11, 1918, Germany’s government is overthrown and the new leaders quickly agree to an armistice (an agreement to end the fighting)
The end of WWI
Wilson’s final and biggest point was to create the League of Nations, a peacekeeping organization.
Germany had to pay billions of dollars in reparations to the Allies
Germany had to give up some land and all their colonies
Austro-Hungarian empire and Russia were carved up to create smaller new countries or restore old ones.