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PA Dutch 101

PA Dutch 101

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PA Dutch 101

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  1. PA Dutch 101 Video 41: The Subjunctive Mood. Subjunctive.

  2. Subjunctive Mood • The Subjunctive is used to express unreal conditions – things which might be true under other circumstances, but that are not true now. • Wannich meh Geld hett, daetich en nei-iMaschienkaafe. • If I had more money, I would buy a new car.

  3. Subjunctive Mood • The Subjunctive of most verbs is formed by combining daetwith an infinitive; this infinitive comes at the end of the clause.

  4. Subjunctive Mood • A few example sentences: • Ichdaetsell mache, wannich meh Zeithett. • I would do that, if I had more time. • Daetschtdu sell esse? • Would you eat that?

  5. Special Subjunctive Verbs • A few verbs, however, have a single-form subjunctive that uses the following endings:

  6. Special Subjunctive Verbs • Here is a list of verbs that have single-form subjunctive: • brauche – breicht(would need) • daerfe – daerft(would be allowed) • duh – daet(would do) • geh – gengt(would go) • gewwe – geebt(would give) • hawwe – hett(would have)

  7. Special Subjunctive Verbs • kenne – kennt(would be able to) • meege – meecht(would like) • misse – misst(would have to) • solle – sett (should) • wisse – wisst(would know) • wolle – wett(would want)

  8. Sei • As usual, SEI has its own rules for Subjunctive. It conjugates thus:

  9. If...then Clauses • Many Subjunctive Sentences use “If...then” clauses: • If I would have more time, then I would travel. • To do this in PD, use WANN and the following equation: • WANN – Subject – Other Stuff – VERB/DAET, DAET/VERB – Subject – Other Stuff – VERB. • Wannich meh Zeithett, daetichreese.

  10. Iewing - Practice • If Steve would drink coffee, then he would not sleep much. • Wann der Steve Kaffidrinkedaet, daeter net vielschlofe. • If he would want it, he would have it. • Wannereswett, hetteres. • If Dave would bring the game, we would be happy. • Wann der Dave esSchpielbringedaet, waeremirfroh!

  11. Bis die naegschde Video, Macht’s gut un schwetztDeitsch! E-Poschtschreiwe: busterpa@yahoo.com