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Photoshop. Tools. Zoom Alt zooms out Notice status bar change Marquee. Project 1a – Coin spotlight. If there is a small triangle in the bottom right corner of a tool, then it expands into more detailed options Zoom in on the coin we want to spotlight (drag tool)

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tools
Tools
  • Zoom
    • Alt zooms out
    • Notice status bar change
  • Marquee
project 1a coin spotlight
Project 1a – Coin spotlight
  • If there is a small triangle in the bottom right corner of a tool, then it expands into more detailed options
  • Zoom in on the coin we want to spotlight (drag tool)
  • Use the elliptical Marquee to select the coin
    • Start at upper left corner
    • Now try using alt
  • Select  Inverse
  • Image  Adjustments  Curves (output 150)
project 1b beach clean up day
Project 1b – Beach Clean up Day
  • Horizontal type tool (T)
  • Move tool
  • Swatches
project 1c tie design
Project 1c – Tie Design
  • Layers – tie designs layer
  • Brush (try soft round 65 pixel, then hard round 9 pixel)
  • Undo
  • History palette icon
project 2 tulips
Project 2 - Tulips
  • Ctrl-alt-shift restores default settings
  • This is a scanned image. Let’s pretend we are editing this photo for use in a magazine. The final product should be 2 x 3 inches
  • Resolution – the number of pixels that describe an image and establish its detail
    • High - 300 ppi (pixels per inch) or higher
    • Low – 72 to 96 ppi
  • Cropping tool
    • 2 in
    • 3 in
    • Drag box
    • Hover outside, rotate
    • Adjust by clicking and dragging corners
    • Press enter
    • Save as working
  • Automatic Adjustments
    • Image  Adjustments  Auto Color
    • Image  Adjustments  Shadow/Highlight
      • Drag until you think it looks nice
    • Save as auto
project 2 tulips continued
Project 2 – Tulips continued
  • Window  Histogram (or histogram tab)
    • This represents the colors across the entire brightness range
  • Image  Adjustments  Levels
    • Left triangle – shadows
    • Middle triangle – Midtones
    • Right triangle – Highlights
    • Drag the triangles and watch the effects
    • Suggested final levels – 25, 1.20, 197
  • Another option is to use Image  Adjustments  Auto Contrast
  • To remove a color cast: Image  Adjustments  Auto Color
project 2 tulips continued1
Project 2 – Tulips continued
  • Replacing colors in an image
    • Using the rectangular marquee tool select the front left yellow tulip
    • Image  Adjustments  Replace Color
    • Three eyedropper tools
      • Eyedropper tool
      • Add to sample eyedropper
      • Subtract from sample eyedropper
    • Use the eyedropper tool, then the add eyedropper until the entire flower is highlighted in the mask
    • Fuzziness – controls the degree to which related colors are included in the mask
    • Change the Hue and Saturation until the tulip becomes red
project 2 tulips continued2
Project 2 – Tulips continued
  • Adjusting lightness with the Dodge tool
    • The dodge tool lightens highlights and brings out details
  • Let’s bring out the details of the sculpture in the image
    • Select the dodge tool from the toolbox (kind of looks like a pin)
    • 27 pixel brush
    • Range  Highlights
    • 15% exposure
    • Use vertical strokes to “polish” the sculpture
project 2 tulips continued3
Project 2 – Tulips continued
  • Adjusting saturation with the Sponge tool
    • When you adjust the saturation of a color, you adjust its strength or purity
    • The sponge tool is hidden under the dodge tool
    • Select a large feathered brush (27 pixels)
    • Mode  Saturate
    • Flow (sets intensity for saturation effect)  90%
    • Drag the sponge back and forth over the tulips and leaves
  • Unsharp mask filter – usually one of the last things you do when retouching a photo – adjusts the contrast of the edge detail, gives the illusion of a more focused image
    • Filter  Sharpen  Unsharp Mask
    • Suggested amount: 62%
project 3a
Project 3a
  • Clone Stamp Tool
    • Choose soft round 75
    • Hold in alt and click your target area
    • Make brush strokes over the torn area
  • Spot Healing Brush Tool
    • Automatically samples from surrounding area
    • 30 pixel brush
    • Paint strokes
project 3b
Project 3b
  • Healing and patch tools go beyond clone and spot healing – gives a more natural look
    • Simultaneously blends pixels from area to area
    • Remove the initials
      • Zoom in
      • Healing tool (hidden under spot healing tool)
    • Taking a snapshot
    • Patch – hidden under healing tool
      • Source – area to be fixed
      • Destination – area used to do the fixing
      • Lasso a few of the bolt holes, then drag to an unblemished area
project 3c
Project 3c
  • Retouching on a separate layer
    • This protects the original image
    • In addition, you can blend the original with the retouched version for a more natural look
  • Create a duplicate layer
    • In the layer palette, hold down the alt key and drag the background layer to the new layer button
    • Name it “retouch”
  • Select the healing brush tool (bandaid)
    • Suggested 12 pixel brush
    • Alt click on smooth area of forehead
    • Drag mouse over two long wrinkles
    • Continue correcting his forehead wrinkles and his eyebrow furrow
  • Use the patch tool to correct his under eye wrinkles
  • In the layers palette, change the opacity to 65% (play with this slider)
    • This creates a more natural look
    • Toggle the retouch layer on and off to see the difference
  • To flatten the two layers into one, choose layer  flatten image
project 4 selection tools
Project 4 – selection tools
  • It is possible to make selections based on size, shape, and color
  • There are four basic sets of selection tools
    • Marquee
    • Lasso
    • Magic Wand
    • Pen
  • The best selection tool to use often depends on the characteristic of that particular area, such as shape and color
    • Geometric Selections – Marquee
    • Freehand Selections – Lasso
      • Lasso can trace a free-hand selection
      • Polygonal lasso sets anchor points in straight line segments
      • Magnetic lasso – combination; works best when a good contrast exists between the selection area and its surroundings
    • Color based selections – Magic Wand
project 4
Project 4
  • Using Magic Wand to select a colored area
    • Tolerance option sets sensitivity
    • Using the magic wand, click the red part of the tomato – play around with tolerance level
    • Hold down shift (plus sign appears) then click any unselected area that you wish to be selected (this works to add to a selection with other selection tools as well)
  • Moving a selection
    • Using the move tool, drag the tomato to the bottom left corner of the cutting board
    • Select  Deselect
    • Save (working)
project 41
Project 4
  • You can also select the background of an area
  • Select the rectangular marquee tool
    • Draw a rectangle around the lettuce
    • Let’s subtract the white area from the selection so that only the lettuce remains
    • Select the magic wand (suggested tolerance 32)
    • Hold down alt (now the minus sign appears) and click on the white area
    • Move the lettuce to the upper left corner of the cutting board
project 42
Project 4
  • Working with oval and circular selections
    • Zoom in on the bowl of olives
    • Select the elliptical marquee tool
    • Try to select the olive bowl
      • It’s ok if your selection isn’t perfect
      • DO NOT release the mouse at this point
    • Still holding in the mouse, press the spacebar to re-position your selection
    • Release the spacebar, but not the mouse, to continue with your select
    • Repeat this process (without ever letting go of the mouse) until your selection is precise
  • Move the olives to the bottom right corner of the cutting board
project 43
Project 4
  • Selecting from a center point
    • Select the elliptical marquee tool
    • Hold in the alt key
    • Click in the center of the salad graphic and drag outward
    • You may use the spacebar like you did in the previous exercise
  • Move the salad graphic to the left of the right upper corner of the cutting board
  • With the graphic still selected, choose Image  Adjustments  Invert
    • The graphic is now effectively a color negative of itself
project 44
Project 4
  • Moving and Duplicating Simultaneously
    • With the move tool selected, hold down Alt
    • Continue holding down Alt and drag a duplicate of the graphic so that it is near the upper right corner of the cutting board
    • Release (do not deselect)
    • Choose Edit  Transform  Scale
    • Hold down shift and drag the corner so that it becomes about 50% larger than the original
    • Press Enter
  • Repeat these steps one more time making a larger salad graphic
project 45
Project 4
  • Selecting with the lasso tools
    • Starting at the lower left of the carrot, carefully trace the left edge of the carrot with the lasso tool
    • Be very careful not to release the mouse
    • Hold in the alt key
    • Use the polygonal lasso to select the top edge of the carrot
    • With the mouse clicked, release the alt key to trace the right edge of the carrot
    • Repeat the process until the entire carrot is selected
  • Move the carrot between the tomato and olives
  • To rotate the carrot: Edit  Transform  Rotate
project 46
Project 4
  • Selecting with the Magnetic Lasso Tool
    • Zoom in on the pepper
    • Select the magnetic lasso tool
    • Starting at the lower left corner of the pepper, click once and then begin tracing the pepper
    • Once you are finished, click once on the starting point to finish the selection
    • You could also double click somewhere to connect back to the starting point
  • Zoom out
  • Move the pepper onto the cutting board
  • Cropping and erasing within a selection
    • Select the crop tool
    • Drag around the desired area
    • Press enter
project 47
Project 4
  • Making a Quick Selection
    • Select the quick selection tool
    • Set brush diameter to 21
    • Position the pointer at the top of the carrot, click and drag down the carrot
    • Edit  Copy
    • Edit  paste
    • Name layer “Carrot”
    • Image  Adjustments  Hue/Saturation (suggested +5 Hue and +10 Saturation)
  • Select the lettuce
    • Click “Refine Edges”
      • Refine Edges allows you to soften, feather, expand, or increase the contrast of edges
    • Let’s create a soft edge for the shadow.
      • Feather value – 7 pixels
      • Expand value – 5%
    • To see the effects, hit the zoom option in the dialog box
      • Click the center black button at the bottom of the box
      • Adjust the Expand value again (I used 30%)
    • Edit  Copy
    • Edit  Paste
    • Name the Layer “Lettuce”