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MASSAGE . PREPARED BY :- Mr Suresh Kumar PHYSICAL EDUCATION. MEANING. MASSAGE IS ONE OF THE OLDEST FORMS OFTREARMENT FOR HUMAN ILLS. MASSAGE IS NOT A NEW CONCEPT. MASSAGE IS A PROCEDURE WHICH IS USUALLY DONE WITH THE HANDS, SUCH AS FRICTION, KNEADING,

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massage

MASSAGE

PREPARED BY:-

MrSuresh Kumar

PHYSICAL EDUCATION.

meaning
MEANING
  • MASSAGE IS ONE OF THE OLDEST FORMS OFTREARMENT FOR HUMAN ILLS.
  • MASSAGE IS NOT A NEW CONCEPT.
  • MASSAGE IS A PROCEDURE WHICH IS USUALLY DONE WITH THE HANDS, SUCH AS FRICTION, KNEADING,

MANIPULATION, ROLLING ETC ON EXTERNAL TISSUES OF THE BODY.

massage helps
MASSAGE HELPS:-
  • TO SUPPLY OXYGEN TO MUSCLES.
  • TO REMOVE WASTE PRODUCTS.
  • TO PREPARE AN ATHLETE FOR

COMPETITION.

  • TO SUPPORT TRAINING PROGRAMME.
principles of massage
PRINCIPLES OF MASSAGE
  • DURATION OF THE MASSAGE WILL VARY ACCORDING TO THE AREA.
  • IT SHOULD NOT BE LIMITED TO THE INJURED AREA ONLY.
  • UNIFORM RATE SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED FOR ALL MOVEMENTS.
  • MASSAGE MOVEMENTS SHOULD BE SLOW, GENTLE AND RYTHMICAL
  • MASSAGE SHOULD BE ACCORDING TO THE AGE.
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THE TYPE OF THE MASSAGE MOVEMENT WILL DEPEND ON THE PATHOLOGY OF THE TISSUES.

IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT THERAPIST HAVE GOOD SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE OF MASSAGE.

THE FREQUENCY OF THE APPLICATION WILL DEPEND UPON THE CONDITION THAT IS TO BE TREATED.

guidelines for massage
GUIDELINES FOR MASSAGE

MASSAGE SHOULD BE RYTHMIC.

HANDS SHOULD BE ALWAYS IN CONTACT WITH BODY.

SHOULD NOT APPLY FORCE BUT BODY WEIGHT CAN BE USED TO APPLY PRESSURE.

SHOULD NOT TALK TOO MUCH DURING MASSAGE.

SHOULD BE FULLY RELAXED WHILE GIVING MASSAGE.

BREATHING SHOULD BE DEEP AND SLOW.

types of massage
TYPES OF MASSAGE

STROKING:-IT IS DIRECTED TOWARDS THE HEART

.AIDING BLOOD FLOWAND THE LYMPETHETIC SYSTEM.

friction
FRICTION

THIS MASSAGE IS BEST DONE WITH FOUR FINGERS, BUT CAN BE

DONE WITH JUST THE THUMB OR THE PALM OF THE HANDS.

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HACKING:-THIS IS DONE WITH THE OUTER EDGE

OF THE HANDS.IT CAN BE DONE HARD OR SOFT.

slide11

PETRISSAGE

IT IS PROGRESSIVE PICKING UP AND ROLLING PRESSURE

MOVEMENTS AS ONE PUSHES WITH ONE HAND AND

PULLS WITH OTHER HAND.

rolling
ROLLING

IT IS LIKE A LIGHT PINCH

GLIDING ALONG THE SKIN

SURFACE WITHOUT BREAKING

CONTACT. IT IS GOOD FOR

SMALL GROUP MUSCLES

tapping
TAPPING

IT CAN BE DONE WITH THE

TIP OF THE FINGERS

pressure
PRESSURE

PRESSURE THERAPY IS

TO PERFORM ON SPECIFIC

AREAS OF THE BODY.

other kind of massages
OTHER KIND OF MASSAGES
  • VIBRATION.
  • SLAPPING.
  • CUPPING.
  • CENTERING.
effects of massage on skin
EFFECTS OF MASSAGE ON SKIN
  • MASSAGE INCREASES THE TEMPERATURE OF SKIN.
  • MASSAGE PRODUCE S A DIRECT EFFECT ON THE SUPERFICIAL LAYERS OF THE EPIDERMIS.
  • IT IMPROVES BLOOD CIRCULATION,THAT IMPROVES THE FUNCTIONING OF SWEAT GLANDS.
  • MASSAGE OPENS THE PORES OF SKIN AND SKIN BECOMES SOFT.
effects of massage on nervous system
EFFECTS OF MASSAGE ON NERVOUS SYSTEM
  • MASSAGE PRODUCES LITTLE CHANGES IN THE NERVE ITSELF.
  • IT RELIEVES CERTAIN TYPES OF PAINS.
  • IT EFFECTS THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AND ALSO THE SENSORY NERVES.
  • IT EFFECTS THE REFLEX CONTROL OF CIRCULATION.
effects of massage on circulation of blood
EFFECTS OF MASSAGE ON CIRCULATION OF BLOOD
  • IT INCREASES THE CIRCULATION.
  • THE RATE OF HEART BEAT ALSO INCREASES.
  • MORE CAPILLARIES ARE OPEN WITH INCREASE RATE OF HEART.
  • THE RED BLOOD CEELS COUNT INCREASES AFTER MASSAGE.
  • MASSAGE INCREASES OXYGEN CARRYING CAPACITY OF THE BLOOD.
effects of massage on muscles
EFFECTS OF MASSAGE ON MUSCLES.
  • MASSAGE PRODUCESAN ACTUAL INCREASE IN THE SIZE OF THE MUSCLES STRUCTURE.
  • THE MUSCLES BECOMES FIRMER AND MORE ELASTIC.
  • MUSCLES STRENGTHENED AND GROW BY MASSAGE.
  • IT RELAXES THE MUSCLES.